Phil 1010 Week 2 Notes
Phil 1010 Week 2 Notes Phil 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akila Webb on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1010 at Georgia State University taught by Yang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 08/27/16
Why Critical Thinking? *Good arguments give you evidence for the truth of the conclusion* Premise indicator words- so, therefore, consequently, as a result, accordingly, demonstrates… Conclusion indicator words- since, because, based on, as indicated by… 4 Complicating Factors of Finding the Argument 1. Sentences can contain indicator words but not be and argument. Sentences can have no indicator words and still be an argument. 2. Statements are often written in order in the way things occur. Premises are listed first and the conclusion is listed last type of statements are common. 3. Not all statements are in declarative form. Only statements can be parts of an argument Not all sentences are statements Well-formed arguments contain only declarative sentences 4. The last complicating factor is simply that there can be no premise or conclusion stated at all! Unstated Premise & Unstated Conclusion Unstated conclusion- occurs when the author doesn’t explicitly state the arguments conclusion. Except an unstated conclusion when trying to be convinced on true or false if the view is stated clearly No need to state the obvious, but assumptions can make an argument clearer. Unstated premise – a premise that you add to an argument to make it clearer. Enthymemes- arguments with an unstated premise or an unstated conclusion DON’T ADD A STATEMENT AS AN UNSTATED PEMISE UNLESS IT MAKES THE ARGUMENT CLEARER. When adding an unstated premise be mindful of the truthfulness of that premise If you add a false unstated premise that is false, you are saying that the argument is relying on a false assumption Adding a false unstated premise is sometimes the right thing to do because sometimes an argument us relying on a false assumption Things That ARE NOT Arguments Assertions- a single statement can’t be an argument. It could be an important and true statement. But it must have a premise and conclusion. Ex. Everyone should take a philosophy class. Descriptions- intended to give the reader a mental image of something. Ex. The shorts are on the dresser, they are pink and gold. Questions or instructions- neither true or false, so they can’t be statements. Explanations- two kind of explanations: how to do something, and why something is true. In an explanation the statement of what’s to be explained is the explanadum. The statements that do the explaining are the explanans. DON’T CONFUSE EXPLANATIONS OF WHY WITH ARGUMENTS.
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