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ANSC 2000 set 3

by: Kaitlyn Elliott

ANSC 2000 set 3 ANSC 2000 - 001

Kaitlyn Elliott

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There are links to memorize the terms and practice memorizing some of the important material.
Companion Animal Management
Carolyn E Huntington
Class Notes
animal, Science
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Elliott on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 2000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Carolyn E Huntington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Companion Animal Management in Animal Science at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 08/27/16
ANSC notes 3                         Breeds of Cats Key Terms: 1. Incisors­Smallest teeth that are used for cutting 2. Canines­ Long, sharp teeth used to seize & kill prey 3. Carnassial­ 3  upper premolar & 1  lower molar used to shear through food 4. Deciduous teeth­ milk teeth found in kittens 5. Tail­ Part of the cat used as a rudder to adjust the direction of a jump and maintain  balance while climbing & pursuing prey w/ speed 6. Lower vocal cords­ Set of cords used for meow 7. Upper vocal cords­ Set of cords used to purr or growl 8. Vibrissae­ Also known as whiskers; Important part of the cat used to serve as an antennae to feel environment, navigate, and communicate 9. CFA­ Cat Fanciers’ Association which is recognized as the world’s largest registry of  pedigree cats 10. Manx trait­ Partial to complete tail­lessness which is identified as a dominant trait found  in random­bred population as well as purebred Manx population 11. Rumpy­ No tail whatsoever 12. Riser (rumpy riser)­ Stub of cartilage; noticeable when tail is up 13. Stumpy­ Partial tail; more than a “riser”, less than a “tailed” 14. Tailed (longy)­ complete or near complete tail 15. Agouti­bands of color on hair C:\Users\KMElliott5\Downloads\Cat Terms.htm Memorize: 1. Characteristics of cats: - Keen sense of hearing, smell, & sight - Patience & quickness for observing, stalking, & pouncing - Meticulous & effective in conserving their energy to hunt 2. All domestic cats have 30 teeth - 16 upper, 14 lower 3. Kittens have 26 deciduous teeth 4. Dental formula: 3131/3121 - Incisors:3 on top & 3 on bottom, Canines:1 on top & 1 on bottom, Premolars:3 on top & 2 on bottom, Molars: 1 on top & 1 on bottom 5. Avg. life span of 10­14 years 6. Cat hair colors: - White - Black­ most common genetic color - Red (orange, ginger) - Blue (diluted black)­common in mixed breeds - Cream (diluted red) - Brown (chocolate) - Lilac (lavender, light gray­brown w/ pink overtones) - Cinnamon (light brown w/ red overtones) - Fawn (diluted cinnamon) 7. Cat hair patterns: - Solid - Bicolor - Calico (tricolor; white, black, & red or diluted versions) - Tabby (ticked or agouti hairs + solid) - Tortoiseshell (mix of red & black or diluted versions) - Colorpoint (face, paws, & tail are darker in color) 8. CFA recognizes 42 breeds while Sole registration body of Britain recognizes 100 breeds  10 cat breeds most registered: 1. Persian  Represent ½ of all purebred registered cats in US  Characteristics: -Long, heavy, thick coat in various colors -Sturdy conformation o Large, short­bodied cat o Thick bones & short tail o Short, snub nose w/ deep break centered between the  eyes - Laid­back, easy­going, pleasing disposition 2. Exotic  Developed by crossing Persians w/ shorthaired breeds  Characteristics: - Round head w/ small rounded ears - Medium to large body - Deep­chested & short, thick, strong legs - Thick, soft, dense coat­tolerant of cool weather - Same rainbow of colors & patterns as the Persian  (Resemble Persian except in coat length) 3. Maine Coon  Characteristics: - Large size (males weigh more than females) - Easygoing, good­natured temperament - Rugged muscular appearance - Agile, tough, independent, & resourceful - Shaggy coat, bushy tail, & tufted ears & toes 4. Ragdoll  Taught to come when called & play catch  Tend to be more interested in humans than other breeds  Tend to be floor cats, not jumpers  Characteristics: -Large, laid­back, semi­longed haired -Captivating blue eyes -Pointed breed 5. Abyssinian Cats  Probably originated in Egypt, but raised & bred in Abyssinia (now  Ethiopia)  Characteristics: - Shorthaired, older breed of cats - Unusual coat, athletic build, & dynamic personality  o Ticked tabby coat o Warm brown or reddish brown most common color - Medium sized w/ fine bones - Arched necks, large ears & almond­shaped eyes 6. Sphynx  Domesticated cat gave birth to hairless kitten in Toronto, Canada;  natural mutation  Bred to normal coated cats & back to hairless for 30 yrs.(to create  hybrid vigor; genetically sound animals)  Needs periodic bathing & ear cleaning since no coat to absorb oils  Good for most of those who suffer from allergies  Not always totally hairless; sometimes fine down on body  Characteristics: -Very few health or genetic problems -Get cold 7. American Shorthair Cats  Developed from sturdy, native American working cats  Variety of colors & patterns (calico & tortoiseshell) -Silver classic tabby is most common  Characteristics: -Even­tempered; excellent house pets -Large heads, quiet voices, & powerful, muscular bodies -Good hunters, jumpers & climbers 8. British Shorthair Cats  Characteristics: -Relatively calm, easy going, talk infrequently -Easily trained & very adaptable -Not fond of being carried -Known for being clumsy -Medium to large cats (not as big as Main Coon) -Often blue, but come in a variety of colors -No specific breed­related diseases 9. Siamese Cats  Former Royal Cat of Siam (now Thailand)  Lived in palaces & temples for >200 yrs.  Brought to US by 1895  Characteristics: -Brilliant blue eyes & colored points (ears, face, tail, feet) o Born white & develop color later due to pigment  enzyme - Usually a light­colored, slender body - Known to be very vocal - Long legs & tail - Long, wedge­shaped head w/ large, pointed ears - Extremely intelligent 10. Devon Rex  “Dennis the Menace” of cats  Characteristics: -Oversized ears on an elfin face -Long skinny neck & odd­shaped head -Natural mutation -Widely curly coat to suede­like -Huge personalities -Easily learn tricks Extremely loyal personality much like a dog C:\Users\KMElliott5\Downloads\Breeds & Characteristics of Cats.png Important information:  Kittens open their eyes at 7­10 days (blue)  Breed standards specify color is fairly common (one blue, one yellow)  White cats with one or both eyes blue are often deaf  They can see 6X better than humans at night - Cats have larger pupils to let in more light during darkness - Eyes glow in dark as cells behind retina reflect light back  Teeth give them little ability to grind food  Flexible spine & inner ear enables them to orient their bodies during a fall or jump  Generally come down a tree backwards because their rear legs do not rotate very well &  claws point in wrong direction to descend head first  Have two set of vocal cords with one above the other for different sounds  10 years in cat equated to 50 in human  Greatest danger for outdoor cats is road traffic, but there are also coyotes, eagles, & owls  present to pose danger  Older cats prone to metabolic diseases like kidney failure, diabetes mellitus, &  hyperthyroidism   If whiskers are lost or damaged, cats move with far less assurance than cat with spreading sets of whiskers  Whiskers also help assess dimensions of space in the dark & give them information about prey when caught  Calico cats are almost always females - Genes for red & black carried on X chromosome - If male has red & black hairs, it is usually sterile because it’s carried on XXY  Tortoiseshell is usually female  Colorpoint’s temperature dependent enzyme involved in pigment synthesis  Most cat owners never owned a pedigreed cat  Manx cats: tailless gene is dominant  - Two copies of the gene is lethal; spontaneously aborted before birth - Caution must be used in breeding 2 tailless cats - 50% of cat population is owned vs. stray/feral - AVMA estimated 74 mill. pet cats in US in 2012 - 30% of US households have cats - Does not account for >60 million feral/stray animals


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