ANSC 2000 set 3
ANSC 2000 set 3 ANSC 2000 - 001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Elliott on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 2000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Carolyn E Huntington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Companion Animal Management in Animal Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 08/27/16
ANSC notes 3 Breeds of Cats Key Terms: 1. IncisorsSmallest teeth that are used for cutting 2. Canines Long, sharp teeth used to seize & kill prey 3. Carnassial 3 upper premolar & 1 lower molar used to shear through food 4. Deciduous teeth milk teeth found in kittens 5. Tail Part of the cat used as a rudder to adjust the direction of a jump and maintain balance while climbing & pursuing prey w/ speed 6. Lower vocal cords Set of cords used for meow 7. Upper vocal cords Set of cords used to purr or growl 8. Vibrissae Also known as whiskers; Important part of the cat used to serve as an antennae to feel environment, navigate, and communicate 9. CFA Cat Fanciers’ Association which is recognized as the world’s largest registry of pedigree cats 10. Manx trait Partial to complete taillessness which is identified as a dominant trait found in randombred population as well as purebred Manx population 11. Rumpy No tail whatsoever 12. Riser (rumpy riser) Stub of cartilage; noticeable when tail is up 13. Stumpy Partial tail; more than a “riser”, less than a “tailed” 14. Tailed (longy) complete or near complete tail 15. Agoutibands of color on hair C:\Users\KMElliott5\Downloads\Cat Terms.htm Memorize: 1. Characteristics of cats: - Keen sense of hearing, smell, & sight - Patience & quickness for observing, stalking, & pouncing - Meticulous & effective in conserving their energy to hunt 2. All domestic cats have 30 teeth - 16 upper, 14 lower 3. Kittens have 26 deciduous teeth 4. Dental formula: 3131/3121 - Incisors:3 on top & 3 on bottom, Canines:1 on top & 1 on bottom, Premolars:3 on top & 2 on bottom, Molars: 1 on top & 1 on bottom 5. Avg. life span of 1014 years 6. Cat hair colors: - White - Black most common genetic color - Red (orange, ginger) - Blue (diluted black)common in mixed breeds - Cream (diluted red) - Brown (chocolate) - Lilac (lavender, light graybrown w/ pink overtones) - Cinnamon (light brown w/ red overtones) - Fawn (diluted cinnamon) 7. Cat hair patterns: - Solid - Bicolor - Calico (tricolor; white, black, & red or diluted versions) - Tabby (ticked or agouti hairs + solid) - Tortoiseshell (mix of red & black or diluted versions) - Colorpoint (face, paws, & tail are darker in color) 8. CFA recognizes 42 breeds while Sole registration body of Britain recognizes 100 breeds 10 cat breeds most registered: 1. Persian Represent ½ of all purebred registered cats in US Characteristics: -Long, heavy, thick coat in various colors -Sturdy conformation o Large, shortbodied cat o Thick bones & short tail o Short, snub nose w/ deep break centered between the eyes - Laidback, easygoing, pleasing disposition 2. Exotic Developed by crossing Persians w/ shorthaired breeds Characteristics: - Round head w/ small rounded ears - Medium to large body - Deepchested & short, thick, strong legs - Thick, soft, dense coattolerant of cool weather - Same rainbow of colors & patterns as the Persian (Resemble Persian except in coat length) 3. Maine Coon Characteristics: - Large size (males weigh more than females) - Easygoing, goodnatured temperament - Rugged muscular appearance - Agile, tough, independent, & resourceful - Shaggy coat, bushy tail, & tufted ears & toes 4. Ragdoll Taught to come when called & play catch Tend to be more interested in humans than other breeds Tend to be floor cats, not jumpers Characteristics: -Large, laidback, semilonged haired -Captivating blue eyes -Pointed breed 5. Abyssinian Cats Probably originated in Egypt, but raised & bred in Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) Characteristics: - Shorthaired, older breed of cats - Unusual coat, athletic build, & dynamic personality o Ticked tabby coat o Warm brown or reddish brown most common color - Medium sized w/ fine bones - Arched necks, large ears & almondshaped eyes 6. Sphynx Domesticated cat gave birth to hairless kitten in Toronto, Canada; natural mutation Bred to normal coated cats & back to hairless for 30 yrs.(to create hybrid vigor; genetically sound animals) Needs periodic bathing & ear cleaning since no coat to absorb oils Good for most of those who suffer from allergies Not always totally hairless; sometimes fine down on body Characteristics: -Very few health or genetic problems -Get cold 7. American Shorthair Cats Developed from sturdy, native American working cats Variety of colors & patterns (calico & tortoiseshell) -Silver classic tabby is most common Characteristics: -Eventempered; excellent house pets -Large heads, quiet voices, & powerful, muscular bodies -Good hunters, jumpers & climbers 8. British Shorthair Cats Characteristics: -Relatively calm, easy going, talk infrequently -Easily trained & very adaptable -Not fond of being carried -Known for being clumsy -Medium to large cats (not as big as Main Coon) -Often blue, but come in a variety of colors -No specific breedrelated diseases 9. Siamese Cats Former Royal Cat of Siam (now Thailand) Lived in palaces & temples for >200 yrs. Brought to US by 1895 Characteristics: -Brilliant blue eyes & colored points (ears, face, tail, feet) o Born white & develop color later due to pigment enzyme - Usually a lightcolored, slender body - Known to be very vocal - Long legs & tail - Long, wedgeshaped head w/ large, pointed ears - Extremely intelligent 10. Devon Rex “Dennis the Menace” of cats Characteristics: -Oversized ears on an elfin face -Long skinny neck & oddshaped head -Natural mutation -Widely curly coat to suedelike -Huge personalities -Easily learn tricks Extremely loyal personality much like a dog C:\Users\KMElliott5\Downloads\Breeds & Characteristics of Cats.png Important information: Kittens open their eyes at 710 days (blue) Breed standards specify color is fairly common (one blue, one yellow) White cats with one or both eyes blue are often deaf They can see 6X better than humans at night - Cats have larger pupils to let in more light during darkness - Eyes glow in dark as cells behind retina reflect light back Teeth give them little ability to grind food Flexible spine & inner ear enables them to orient their bodies during a fall or jump Generally come down a tree backwards because their rear legs do not rotate very well & claws point in wrong direction to descend head first Have two set of vocal cords with one above the other for different sounds 10 years in cat equated to 50 in human Greatest danger for outdoor cats is road traffic, but there are also coyotes, eagles, & owls present to pose danger Older cats prone to metabolic diseases like kidney failure, diabetes mellitus, & hyperthyroidism If whiskers are lost or damaged, cats move with far less assurance than cat with spreading sets of whiskers Whiskers also help assess dimensions of space in the dark & give them information about prey when caught Calico cats are almost always females - Genes for red & black carried on X chromosome - If male has red & black hairs, it is usually sterile because it’s carried on XXY Tortoiseshell is usually female Colorpoint’s temperature dependent enzyme involved in pigment synthesis Most cat owners never owned a pedigreed cat Manx cats: tailless gene is dominant - Two copies of the gene is lethal; spontaneously aborted before birth - Caution must be used in breeding 2 tailless cats - 50% of cat population is owned vs. stray/feral - AVMA estimated 74 mill. pet cats in US in 2012 - 30% of US households have cats - Does not account for >60 million feral/stray animals