History/Perspectives of Psychology- Week 1
History/Perspectives of Psychology- Week 1 Psych 101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Phoebe Notetaker on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 101 at University of South Carolina taught by levens in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Social Science at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 08/27/16
History/ Perspectives of Psychology Psychologythe science of behavior, brain and mental processes History Wilhelm WundtLeipzig, Germany (1879) first psychology lab, study of conscious experience William James (1890) principles of psychology functionalist Sigmund Freud (1900) Interpretation of dreams role of the unconscious John B. Watson (early 1900s) Psychology should only study observable behavior behaviorism B.F. Skinner (1950) Behaviorist, we are controlled by our environment Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow (1950s) humanism humans are unique, free, rational beings with potential for personal growth Rise of applied psychology following World War II Modern perspectives: evolutionary and positive psychology, neuroscience Historical Issues Functionalism vs. Structuralism Stability vs. Change Rationality vs. irrationality Nature vs. Nurture product of genetics or environment? John Locke “Tabula Rasa” (Blank Slate) Descartes some ideas are innate Darwin innate traits allow organisms to survive and reproduce Applied Psychology Fields Clinical Psychology studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders Psychiatry a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders Educational Psychology how people learn, achievement tests, classroom environment, education of mentally disabled Counseling Psychology deals with nondeviant behavior and relationships: family, marriage, career counseling Industrial/Organizational Psychology training and motivation of workers, job satisfaction and good work relations
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