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Geology 100, Week 1

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by: Sarah Martin

Geology 100, Week 1 Geology 100

Sarah Martin
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About this Document

first week of notes - chapter 1
Geology 100
Sabreen Ata Gad
Class Notes




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"She is very good at taking notes and I would recommend taking the time to get these. "

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Martin on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geology 100 at Kansas State University taught by Sabreen Ata Gad in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Geology 100 in Geology at Kansas State University.


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Star Star Star Star Star

She is very good at taking notes and I would recommend taking the time to get these.



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Date Created: 08/27/16
Chapter 1: minimal continental shelf -> tectonic plate activity continental shelf -> minimal tectonic plate activity people don’t live near landslides or ongoing volcanic activity or near tectonic plate activity (earthquake activity) or bad soil there used to be a lot more oxygen in the atmosphere so sediments/rocks existed in their most oxidized state continents: different rocks; continental shelves (raised ocean floor) ocean basins: different rocks; formed by tectonic activity dinos left fossils - first recognizable fossils appeared 700-660 mya dinos and rocks are record of 1) past geologic vents 2) paleo environments 3) prehistoric creatures bones: tell about internal framework of creature footprints/trackways: tell us weight, how they ran/walked burrows: left by digging into dirt; preserved evidence global warming evidence striations from body of water retreating U-shaped valley formed by glaciers V-shaped valley formed by other elements crust - mantle - liquid outer core - solid inner core lithology = rock composition outer core is important for managing earth’s magnetic core crust + upper mantle = lithosphere crust made out of igneous rock and granite thickest layer is mantle formed from olivine core made out of iron with some nickel outer is magma and inner is solid isostasy is state of gravitational equilibrium between crust and mantle some layers are stronger than others - strong crust and uppermost mantle - weaker, hot asthenosphere (rest of mantle) continental crust is thicker and higher than oceanic crust height change: gets taller density change: it just sinks oceanic crust sinks cause its dense continental crust is buoyant/floats crust is like a mattress - remove the weight and it will bounce back up sedimentary rocks: formed in normal surface environments such as glaciers (as they retreat, drop stuff/all shapes sizes), rivers (sand, pebbles), steep mtn fronts (large angular), sand dunes formed by wind, beach (broken shells, sand, round stones), offshore(mud) igneous rocks: deep/hot where rocks are formed (eruption of lava, explosive eruption of ash, solidification of magma at depth) can happen to a rock: weathering, erosion & transport, deposition, burial, deformation & metamorphism, uplift metamorphic rock had folding which suggests pressure water effects: clouds, precip, glaciers, flowing water, ground water, currents


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