Week 1 Chapter 1-Sociology Terms
Week 1 Chapter 1-Sociology Terms SOC 101
Popular in INTRO SOCIOLOGY
Popular in Psychology And Social Behavior
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Notetaker on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Russell Castro in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see INTRO SOCIOLOGY in Psychology And Social Behavior at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 08/27/16
Anomie -Social normlessness, without moral guidance or standards. Collective Conscience -The share values of society. Conflict Theories -Social theories that focus on issues of contention, power, and inequality, highlighting the competition for scarce resources. Culture -The collection of values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, language, behavior and material objects shared by a people and socially transmitted from generation to generation. Division of Labor -The way people specialize in different tasks, each requiring specific skills. Dysfunctional -Inhibiting or disrupting the working of a system as a whole. Social Functionalist Theories -focus on consensus and cooperative interaction in social life, emphasizing how different elements that make up a society's structure contribute to its overall operation. Industrialization -The use of large-scale machinery for mass manufacture of consumer goods. Latent Functions -The largely unrecognized and unintended consequences of social phenomenon. Macro Level of Analysis -A focus on large-scale social systems and processed such as the economy, politics, and population trends. Manifest Functions -The recognized and intended consequences of social phenomena. Meso Level of Analysis -A focus somewhere between very large and very small social phenomena -- on organizations or institutions Micro Level of Analysis -A focus on small-scale, usually face-to-face social interaction. Modernity -A historical era beginning in the 1700's characterized by the growth of democracy and personal freedom, increased reliance on reason and science to explain the natural and social world, and a shift toward an urban industrial economy. Positivism -A belief that accurate knowledge must be based on the scientific method. Post-modernity -A historical period beginning in the mid-twentieth century characterized by the ride of information based economies and the fragmentation of political beliefs and ways of knowledge. Power -The ability to bring about an intended outcome, even when opposed by others. Rationalization of Society -The long-term historical process by which rationality replaced tradition as the basis for organizing social and economic life. Science -A method of inquiry that uses logical and the systematic collection of evidence to support knowledge claims. Social Solidarity -The collective bind that connects individuals. Social Theory -A set of principles and propositions that explains the relationship among social phenomena. Sociological Perspective -A view of the social world that focuses on discovering and understanding the connections between individuals and the broader social context in which they live; what C. Wright Mills called the sociological imagination. Sociology -The systematic study of the relationship between individuals and society. Structure -The recurring patterns of behavior in social life. Symbolic Interactionist Theories -Social Theories that focus on how people use shared symbols and construct society as a result of their everyday interactions. Urbanization -The growth of cities
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