Global Studies global
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anahit Ghaltaghchyan on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to global at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Dr. Philip McCarty in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see intro to global studies 1 in Global Studies at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 08/27/16
▯ New global system Globalization and the new global economic system left many feeling adrift o Lack of global order o Huge increase in economic interdependence o Huge increases in intercultural contact o Decentering of nation- states o Rolling back of welfare system and rise of neoliberal economic policies and ideology o Post nation identity crisis o Loss of traditions and values o Massive global immigration ▯ Progressive backlash Eroding job security and reducing job quality at home Gross exploitation of labor abroad Reproducing national race/class/gender inequalities sin the wider economic system Global social movements o Sweatshop movement o Fair trade movement o WTO anti globalization protest in Seattle ▯ Conservative backlash Cultural wars, moral majority War on immigrants Rejection of cultural relativism, multiculturalism and affirmative action Re politicization of religion Return to religious fundamentalism Return to hyper nationalism Foreign policy shifts toward unilateralism ▯ Polarization of American society Polarization of politics at home with wedge issues, abortion, gay marriage, global warming ▯ G8- established 1975 The group of seven is a governmental forum of leading advanced economies in the world. It was originally formed by six leading industrial countries and subsequently extended with two additional members, one of which, Russia, is suspended. Since 2014, the G8 in effect compromises seven nations and the European union as the eighth member. Canada, France, Germany, Italy, US, UK, EU, Russia (suspended) o Suspended for the invasion of Ukraine ▯ G20- 1999 Group of 20, is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. The members and includes 19 individual countries, such as Argentina, Australia, brazil, japan, Mexico etc 85% of the world economy ▯ Polarization of global order Rejection of globalization/Americanization Collapse of the development paradigm Increasing inequality between nations Deep division within the UN and WTO G8 vs g20 vs the rest ▯ Samuel Huntington’s clash of civilization Huntington’s clash of civilization came out just as the cold war ended Huntington sought to describe new world order In some ways he helped the create the new order Replace the polarizing logic of the cold war with a new polarizing logic His model foreshadowing or pre figured the war on terror in horrifying ways Culture and cultural identifies are broadest levels of civilizational in scope In post cold war world, civilizational identities are shaping patterns of cohesion, conflict, disintegration Nation state remains most important actors in world affairs, but their interests shaped by civilization …………… 8 major civilizations loner civilizations don’t really fit in to any of the major categories most serious conflict arise between state/groups from different civilizations west is declining in influence ▯ Why is his thesis so appealing? Invokes richness of history Gives political analysis new profundity Confirms already held common sense beliefs that are much to simplistic, uninformed Simplest explanation of global violence by denying that is occurs within and across as well as between civilizations Plays a bi polar notion that words is now divided between single western society and many non western societies ▯ Bush’s Crusade ▯ ▯ Amartya Sen- Harvard professor. He has made contributions to welfare economics, economics and social justice, and economic theories of famine and poverty. He was awarded noble peace prize in economics in 1998 for his work in welfare economist Says that Huntington thesis assumes that civilizations are coherent, stable a and recognizable. Within any of these civilizations, there is much diversity conflict. Assumes that civilizations are essentially religion based. Relines on notions of cultural predestination, inevitably. Assumes civilizations must clash. ▯ Civilizational approach denies that human diversity is universal, identity is partially matter of choice and religion. Global identities are complex, hybrid, fluid ▯ Intellectually dubious Western science draws on world heritage and is not unique or superior Indian civilization includes Muslin, Sikh, Jain, and Christians as well as Hindu. ▯ Edward Said Argues that Huntington reaffirms west vs rest 19 century th orientalist understanding of the world Wrote a book called Orientalism. “The orient was.. a European invention, and has been since antiquity a place of romance, exotic beings, haunting memories and landscapes, remarkable experiences” Example of orientalism- discourses of the east as sexually lascivious or repressed. Constrains of Arab and Muslim men as terrorists in the war on terrorism, China doll/dragon lady stereotypes, western obsession with the veiling practices of south Asian and middle eastern bodies, terrorism studies, ▯ Changing role of the US Over the course of the cold war, the us dramatically changed its role in world politics We now rely less on soft powers, on the appeal of democratic political system and culture of fair play We rely more on hard power of our weapons ▯ 1991 gulf war. First Iraq war ▯ ▯ moral high ground any moral authority that we may have held at the end of WWII is increasingly questionable the US has become increasingly militaristic an interventionist at a time when the effectiveness of hard power is increasingly limited o overwhelming firepower no longer ends conflict o cant deliver political victories soft power, winning hears and minds, is more important than ever ▯ New realities outside the US People no longer believe that the US style capitalism is the only alternative to communication ▯ Anti Americanism
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