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by: Peter Rattin

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Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Peter Rattin on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 102 views.


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Date Created: 08/27/16
Friday, August 26, 2016 Art History What is art history? What is art? Work of art as a modern concept projected to pre-modern cultures • Visual Culture (culture of seeing) • Material Culture (cultures of making)-a larger field that looks at everything not just art, archaeology, literature, history, sociology, anthropology • The way we live in the world and the what we use while living • Tekhne (=art, craftsmanship, technology and skillful making)-was the term Ancient Greek used for any kind of skillful making • Knowledge passed on between generations • (bodily) skill that involves making a trained body • Magic, Sorcery, creativity-artists were often associated with magic • In Mesopotamia artists made statues of the gods and denied making them in order to hide from the idea of being magic • Skillful use of (raw) materials: "what the stone wants to be" • Epistome: Knowledge of making • Poiesis: making through skillful knowledge: poetics • Tekton: was an architect in ancient Greece, very low in social status, bad job at the time •The person that actually built the buildings and statues had more high social status •The artist was considered the universal man because he needed to understand mathematics, astronomy, science, etc •<Wounded Gaul-early 2nd century B.C.E., Pergamum, Roman copy. A statue of a wounded soldier. • • 1 Friday, August 26, 2016 •Laocoon and his sons-was made by a Priest from Troy, now held in the Vatican museum, was said to be the best expression of pain in human history • What is context? • Cultural context, historical context, architectural/environmental context • Works of art always belonging to a temporal// geographical context and displaying the historical, socio-cultural aspects. of the context Works of art then become stand-in representatives of particular • episodes in history and of people •Works of art illustrate the (linear) development of artistic styles and technologies (usually assumed to be evolutionary) • •<Clay figurine from catalhoyuk excavated by Mellaart in a grain bin, now in Ankara Anatolian Civilizations museum, she is seated on a thrown with lion heads. This is right around the time of the development of agriculture She is very exaggerated but why? Was she a sacred object? • Palaeolithic Statuette/figurine from Willendorf, Austria, Oolitic Limestone, 24,000-22,000 B.C.E. • BC-Before Christ • BCE-Before the common era • AD-Anno Domini ("In the year of the Lord") • CE-Common era • BP-Before Present (taking 1970 as present)-used to talk about prehistoric periods 2


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