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PSYC 1310; Week 1

by: Swider Notetaker

PSYC 1310; Week 1 Psyc

Swider Notetaker
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About this Document

These are the notes covering the first chapter.
Intro to Psychology
Dr. Leonard
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Swider Notetaker on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc at East Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Leonard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at East Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 08/27/16
Intro to Psychology; Chapter 1 Notes Definitions Biological Psychology ­ Specialty focused, on physical and chemical changes that cause and result from behavior  and mental processes.  Behaviorism ­ A school of thought in psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior over the study of the mind.  Cognitive ­ The study of information processing, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving.  Evolutionary  ­ Approach that emphasizes inherited, adaptive aspect of behavior and mental processes.  Clinical Psychology  ­ The psychological perspective that seeks to explain, define, and treat abnormal behaviors. Culture ­ The practices, values, and goals shared by groups of people.  Functionalism  ­ The school of psychology that focuses on the adaptive functions of behavior.  Gestalt Psychology  ­ A school of psychology emphasizing the study of thinking, learning, and perception in  whole units, not by analysis into parts.  Individual Differences  ­ An approach to psychology that investigates variations in behaviors from one person to  the next.  Introspection ­ Personal observation of your own thoughts, emotion and behavior.  Philosophy  ­ The discipline that systematically examines basic concepts, including the source of  knowledge.  Natural Sciences Intro to Psychology; Chapter 1 Notes ­ Any sciences that study nonliving matter, including physics, chemistry, astronomy, and  geology.  Psychology  ­ The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.  Structuralism  ­ The school of thought concerned with analyzing sensations and personal experience into  basic elements.  Mind  ­ The brain and its activities, including thought, emotion and behavior.  Humanistic Psychology  ­ An approach to psychology that saw people as inherently good and motivated to learn  and improve.  Social Psychology  ­ The psychological perspective that examines the effects of the social environment on the  behavior of individuals.  Developmental Psychology  ­ The psychological perspective that examines the normal changes in behavior that occur  across the life span.  Personality  ­ An individual’s characteristic way of thinking, feeling, and behaving.  Psychologists  John Locke  ­ Empiricist philosopher who believed that mind was a “blank slate” at birth.  ­ Believed knowledge was gained through experiences.  Carl Rogers  ­ Developed client­centered therapy.  ­ Was a humanistic therapist.  Max Wertheimer ­ One of the Gestalt psychology founders who focused on the “whole” of behavior.  Intro to Psychology; Chapter 1 Notes Herman Von Helmholtz  ­ His work on the speed of nerve signaling supported that the mind had a physical basis.  ­ Reaction time helped establish the mind as something that could be studied scientifically.  Sigmund Freud  ­ Developed psychodynamic theory and its applications to treat psychological disorders.  ­ Nearly singlehandedly founded the study of personality in psychology.  ­ Managed to combine and communicate ideas about the existence of the unconscious  mind, the development of sexuality, dream analysis, and psychological roots of abnormal  behavior in a way that his theories influenced not just psychology but also culture.  William Wundt  ­ Given credit for conducting the first experiments in psychology.  ­ His theories provided a foundation for structuralism.  ­ Former research assistant to Von Helmholtz.  ­ Saw mental experience as a hierarchy.  Urlic Neisser  ­ Coined the term cognition in 1967.  William James  ­ Chief proponent of functionalism.  ­ Coined the term “stream of consciousness.” ­ His textbook Principles of Psychology dominated the field for 50 years.  


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