ART 3683-Week 2 Notes
ART 3683-Week 2 Notes ART 3683
Popular in History of 20th Century Art
Popular in Art
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 3683 at Oklahoma State University taught by Dr. Siddons in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see History of 20th Century Art in Art at Oklahoma State University.
Reviews for ART 3683-Week 2 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 08/27/16
WEEK 2 ART 3683 DISCLAIMER: THESE NOTES WERE TAKEN FROM WHAT WAS RETAINED FROM CLASS LECTURE AND TEXTBOOK READINGS. THESE ARE IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR. 8/23/16 We can define Modernism is a series of conversations and debates. THE FAUVES not a movement but set of ideas fauve means “wild animal” those who said painting can be about a bunch of different things this debate mainly happened because of the invention of photography instantly popular because it could more accurately portray the world before photography, painters were asked to paint a record or portrait more realistic which was still different than reality painting doesn’t have to portray things realistically, but can now show emotion, etc. we can explore the way the human eye sees thingslike color in Impressionism painting didn’t have to be about a realistic eventnot strictly for documentation interested in using color expressively rather than descriptively painted very loosely and simplified forms not known as an official group (no meetings, but had shared goals) goal was to try and get rid of narrative from all paintingsthough it was too literary interested in creating cheerful paintings “rejected morbidity” part of the expressive use of color is to make it more cheerful Matisse is most famous of fauves Andre Derain, The Port of Collioure, 1905 Center Pompidou, Paris doesn’t want us to think about the narrative but rather the design wants the spontaneity of painting outside from Impressionism, Fauves reinvigorate outside painting Maurice de Vlaminck, The Red Trees, 1906, Center Pompidou, Paris essentially something completely unrealistic with exaggerated color landscape viewbreaking down boring landscape so we instead look at composition, design and elements Raoul Dufy, Nice: Le Baie des Anges, 1927, Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa Fauves were primarily characterized individualism simplicity Matisse in His Time: Masterworks of ModernismOKC Museum of Art until Sept 18 th buy tickets ahead of time okcmoa.com Henri Matisse (French, 18691954) people who received it were shocked because of typical fauve qualities nothing particular shocking about painting but rather the expressive use of color and loose brushwork contrast is what people questionedfound it an unflattering portrait Henri Matisse, The Dinner Table, early in his career did not want his paintings to look like those hyperrealistic paintings by Bouguereau – Birth of Venus Matisse didn’t bother with academy proper casual painter and enrolled at Academy Julien wanted to more avantgarde begins to use brushwork more expressively and active painting itself discovers Serat and his pointillism Matisse, Luxe, calme et volupte, 190405 to evoke an experience through pointillism was not trying to use color descriptively gives us something between mythological and French middle class no descript narrative poem in textbook from which painting was inspired nude female figures except wife interested in nature; eternal nature; naked female body represents noncorrupt nature juxtaposition with nature and happy Matisse, Le Bonheur de vivre, 19056 not overly concerned with escaping from the history of art borrows groups of figures from other paintings ideas all drawn from history of art that are celebrating life engages in collage styleno direct relationship between figures in painting collection of cheerful moments, but purpose is “decorative” Matisse believed art should be “decorative” people saw decorative art as lazy; that if it was pretty, it couldn’t be good emotional response by fauves is the realistic world Fete champetre means “rural festival”Manet paintingnaked lady at picnic from 1863 Matisse, Dance, 1909 dancing group from joy of life says he was inspired by peasant dances direct reference to Greek ceramic color interested in contour lines (decorative style) linear composition with outlines, hard edges and often actual outlines simplified figures not thinking about accurate descriptions, but the decorativeness showing familiarity with history of art quote by Matisse in 1908 “condensing meaning by seeking essential lines” argument (reason) for essential lines by showing its contour line can visually experience the painting and its movementmeaning that is more human (share something with the rest of humanity can be seen in painting) Matisse, book spread done throughout second world war basically bed ridden after diagnosed with cancer and has surgery “finally reached the point where he can say what he wants to say” the universalfigures that emphasize movement, abstraction, and reference to jazz jazzuniversal and individualistic 08/25/16 GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM th umbrella termdescribes early 20 century German art really into Fauves but don’t have the relationship with academics thought color as a design element rather than descriptive nihilismFredrich Nietzsche big proponent nihilismquote God is dead but meant that culture had died and now there’s a sense of free will rather than being responsible to spiritual figure associated with nihilismthat there is no point or meaning to livethought as a free for all it doesn’t have to be violence but rather leads extentialism that we can have our own purpose we can create our own moral system with logic and separate from outside responsibility science has displaced religion through discovery prompted by revolution against monarchies which are justified by religious beliefschosen by God some reacted to science displacing religion by emerging themselves even more into science huge explosion of a variety of religions there is a rise in nationalisminterest in folk culture Ernest Ludwig Kirchner (German, 18801939) founded group (The Bridge) that was the precursor for expressionist painter group interested in color theoryanalytical approach to color became interested in responding to contemporary culture thinks about how it connects to African culture; one of the first examples of primitivism thought art had lost is emotional so he looked to a variety of different types of art making primitive (unskilled) positive thing they seem more expressive than those of academic art type Kirchner, The Bridge, 1905 architects who wanted to be artists rejected mainstream art wanted to create a new mode of expressionism that bridges past and future presenting themselves as a group and movement Kirchner was interested in everyday life and subculture Kirchner, Street, Dresden, 1908 Presenting ordinary people as they are estranged from social constructs Kirchner, Seated Girl Focusing on her ambiguous feminine figure on the cusp of adulthood Creates a bridge in one way Becomes a metaphor of reclaiming emotions from child to adult Emile Nolde (German, 18671956) painter and print maker considered one of the greatest artist with watercolor in the 20 century trained in wood carving interested in ways art can express nationalism and German superiority The Last Supper 1909, was engaged with folk and craft movements part of historic Germany culture, religion played a big part aggressive brushwork to make it look like carving Nolde, Masks wants it to be frightening, and chaotic expressing contemporary culture Nolde, Female Dancer thinking about primitivism painting is slightly uncomfortable but expresses loose freedom metaphor for escaping social constraint Watercolor Flowers The Blue Rider, 19111914 (another groupin Munich) founded by Russians move to Munich and come across German artists Franz Marc (German, 18801916) obsessed with horsesArcadian spiritual studied art was interested in Van Gogh and the interest in color comes from post impressionist thought animals were pure and more spiritual (many people thought this) Marc, The Large Blue Horses a bit literal of sculptural paintingtraditional in German culture Marc, Stables absorbing influence of Cubisminterested in geometric form to think through time fragmenting and abstracting the composition to give it a sense of time passing Blue Rider group is more optimistic and popular than The Bridge August Macke (German, 18871914) interested in fold primitivism positive images from 1912 less extreme than Marc’s extreme decorative, idealic image of leisure time and Gabriele Munter (German, 18771962) women were not encouraged to be artists pursues her studies and travels to USvery independent life studied at experimental school and Kandinsky is director and encourages her to pursue and becomes romantically evolved her work becomes very influenced by Kandinsky and the Blue Rider