HIST 1103-Week 2 Notes
HIST 1103-Week 2 Notes HIST 1103
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Saturday August 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1103 at Oklahoma State University taught by Prince in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History in History at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 08/27/16
08/24/16 HIST 1103 WEEK 2 ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION DISCLAIMER: THESE NOTES WERE TAKEN FROM WHAT WAS RETAINED FROM CLASS LECTURE AND TEXTBOOK READINGS. THESE ARE IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR. PART I CONTINUED ALBANY PLAN (1754) if the colonies organize it will challenge the crown colonies are very much independent from each other this possible unification is a partial reason for the colonial wars COLONIAL WARS first 3 wars occur in Europe: King William’s, Queen Anne’s and King George’s war early on is useful to the British because it keeps the colonists in line the French and Indian War (17541760) directly leads to the American Revolution the reason this war is more important is because it started in North America the dates (17561763) are known as the Seven Years War COLONIAL COMPETITION any war that starts in North America quickly involves everyone with these wars it provides solidarity (a useful imperial tool) at this time the French are pushing South WAR AS AN IMPERIAL TOOL colonists are scared of France British government uses this fear in order to keep colonial support FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR George Washington starts the French and Indian War by killing French Ambassador while Washington is surveying, the French send and Ambassador and when Washington sees the party, he wounds and kills the Ambassador Washington surrenders Fort Necessity and signs a document thinking it is noble warfare in actuality, the document says that he was ordered by British government to kill French Ambassador THE DEFEAT OF GENERAL BRADDOCK colonists aren’t really sure how to fight in war in the New World the French and Indian allies trap the British troops and 70% of them are killed or wounded Braddock gets wounded and dies a couple of days later European warfare doesn’t really work with the areas in which battles are fought (wooded areas where Indians and French can conceal location and surround) THE WAR SPREADS since French can’t bring reinforcements and the British can’t fight affectively, the war stalemates and spreads war is going on for two years before official declaration of war Britain sees the importance of the colonies and will spend any amount of resources to keep after the war, British declares that the colonists should pay for their defense GREAT WAR FOR EMPIRE Britain is fighting for survival at this point and is since known as the Great War for Empire this was the closest to a world war for this time period this all stems from Washington killing French Ambassador Putt puts enough resources in the American colonies and it eventually pays off END OF THE WAR most of the French forts begin to fall and now the British are able to win with the deaths of two enemy officers French army has no choice other than surrender war then expands on Spain Treaty of Paris secures the British Victory in this course there are three all three treaties are milestones for America WINNING A WAR/LOSING AN EMPIRE France loses entire North American Empire British again wants the colonists to pay for the upkeep since it was their fault Yankee Doodle song mocks Americans “American Idiot” British view that the colonists are dumb and should pay for their stupidity CREATING A EUROPEAN RIVALRY France is pissed and it creates a European rivalry angry sides will unify with the colonists later on to try and overthrow the British government Britain must answer the colonists demands to avoid a rebellion that could overthrow them Britain can’t afford the war that might happen so they approve of colonists demands ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION PART II WIDENING GAP BETWEEN AMERICA AND BRITAIN colonists do not like to pay King George III does not want to acknowledge demands of colonists; they are considered subjects parliamentary sovereigntyall things stem from Parliament British says it always has supreme authority NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION it was an issue of representation Parliament represents Britain and its colonies if Englishmen, then Britain does have the authority to issue taxation we like direct representation; colonists can vote for the people they want we know who we are voting for and we have a say direct representation is having our best interest at heart; representing the people ENGLISHMEN OR AMERICANS the issue is whether they’re Englishmen or Americans accustomed to own way of living and having a better life average citizen in Britain only 3% could vote; but 20% in the colonies could vote realize we have it better and don’t want to lose the right to vote and our other rights white male property owners could vote because they have a stake in what they’re voting for (land) popular vote doesn’t mean anything; vote for the elector and then that person votes for the majority even with strict voting, more people are voting than anywhere else colonists don’t want to be treated any different than Englishmen, but then when they begin to be treated like Englishmen, they say ‘no’ because of more rights because of the benign neglect, they are used to doing things ourselves and we don’t like change we don’t want to get rid of our own rights we are then resistant from anything coming from the King the King is thousands of miles away, telling us what to do PROCLAMATION OF 1763 people start pushing West and creates an uprising with Indians British responds by drawing a line and preventing any expansion westward people start saying that they didn’t vote for the King, so why should they listen PRIVILEGE OF EMPIRE colonies want more British begin levying taxes even though no person in America voted for this tax is about 2% on select items and we start our own country taxing sugar2% tax a tax placed on commodity used by a lot of people in order to raise money ex. of new Oklahoma license plates people get grumpy because of taxes that we didn’t vote for the taxes are issued to create revenue to pay for the upkeep of the army ACTS AND REPEALS Townshend actstaxing all types of teas Stamp act repealed when people start avoiding purchasing goods British can’t afford to place troops so they keep repealing taxes to avoid rise ups we learned we can protest and it then gets repealed if it doesn’t get repealed fast enough, escalation occurs like the Boston Tea Party this crosses the line; it’s not just protesting, but destroys property BOSTON MASSACRE Americans are so angry that colonists attack and urge British to shoot 5 people killed and numerous wounded this shows the colonies drifting BOSTON TEA PARTY AND INTOLERABLE ACTS Britain’s goal is to create a debtor’s prison the Boston port is closed even though this port makes money quartering troopscolonists provide for them without reimbursement our response to quartering is later included to Bill of Rights (we remember quartering) British officials are moved to Britain if accused of a crime and trial is held in Britain events keep piling on THE COLONIES BEGIN TO UNIFY believed they were being mistreated committees of correspondencegroups that got together to talk about events and solutions to problems First Continental Congressfirst time they get together and see what they can do (illegal) not yet unified the south believes a war would destroy the south’s slavery colonythey have the most to lose try to stop trade with Britain issue is the treatment of Bostonnot necessarily taxation THE SHOTS HEARD AROUND THE WORLD have to go through Lexington militia’s plan is to form out of the way as a sign of protest 8 Americans are killed and militia disperses to warn surrounding colonies about 250 are killed or wounded not a good enough number for Americans killed SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS fighting for restoration of rights Congress creates the Continental ArmyWashington proposed to lead it he can keep the army intact needs southern colonies to support it; so Washington, a Virginian led it something needs to be done and it needs all 13 colonies to participate BRITAIN STIFFENS RESOLVE congress goes for peace and not independence at this point olive branch petition addresses rights and don’t want war before George receives letter; he declares proclamation of rebellion this is a turning point; how can there be any sort of reconciliation Britain recognizes power of American colonies and ready to go to war Britain hopes to end war by economic warfare by bringing colonists to their knees Britain seeks and hires German missionaries who are impartial and won’t hesitate to kill the only way the war can be won by colonies is the unification of all 13 colonies COMMON SENSE AND INDEPENDENCE most read in American colonies influences people to want independencemost people already wanted independence before second congress those who voted for the wealthy had the most to lose if it went badly, and were hesitant 12 yes, no objections, and New York just abstained BRAVING THE STORM we list everything that King George has done wrong these are not things given, but given by nature from the Creator REBELLION TO REVOLUTION transition from rebellion to revolution revolution is wanting to create new society wanted to get rid of slavery, but south would not sign declaration but all had to sign or they wouldn’t pursue independence new nation is built on the chains of slavery liberty must be bought
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