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Psychology 110 - Intro to Psychology

by: The Noteslayer

Psychology 110 - Intro to Psychology PSY 110

Marketplace > Illinois State University > Psychology > PSY 110 > Psychology 110 Intro to Psychology
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About this Document

These notes are simply the introduction to Psychology 110. Buy this if you missed the first week partying!
Fundamentals of Psychology
Dr. Margaret Nauta
Class Notes
Psychology, Introduction, Illinois, state, University, Freshman, class, general, Education, GenEd
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by The Noteslayer on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 110 at Illinois State University taught by Dr. Margaret Nauta in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Psychology in Psychology at Illinois State University.


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Date Created: 08/28/16
Psychology 110 – Week 1 What is Psychology? A Study of Human Behavior and Mental Processes B Includes Animals for the purpose of: – Cross Species Comparisons – Unethical Experiments (if used on humans). – Easily Controlled Environment C Application of Scientific Knowledge to promote Human and Animal welfare. Content Areas Biological/Physiological Psychology Study of... – The Brain – The Nervous System – Genetics – Effects of Medications on Behavior Cognitive Psychology Study of... – Mental Processes • Memory • Thought • Decision Making Developmental Psychology Study of... – Mental Development throughout life – Mental differences of children and adults Personality Psychology Study of... – Consistencies of self over time – Historical development of human interaction Social Psychology Study of... – How people are affected by their social environment – Interpersonal Relationships Clinical and Counseling Psychology Study of... – Psychological Disorders • Causes • Treatment • Prevention Studying Human Behavior General Steps... 1. Develop a research question 2. Use theories about behavior to generate answers 3. State Hypothesis(A testable prediction) 4.Develop an Operational Definition 5. Select Participants 6.Test Hypothesis by gathering data 7. Draw Conclusions based on results For Example... 1) “What Causes ADHD” 2) “Eating too much sugar causes ADHD” 3) “Kids who eat a lot of sugar will have more ADHD symptoms” 4)“Lots of Sugar” = 20g/day 5) Population = All people diagnosed with ADHD // Sample = People chosen for experiment // Random Sample = Equal Chance for anyone to be chosen for experiment. 6)“There are many people that eat a lot of sugar and don't have ADHD, and there are many people that have ADHD and eat less than 2og/day of sugar.” 7) “ADHD is not caused by over consumption of Sugar” Non Experimental Research Methods A Involves recording or observing, not manipulating B Four Kinds 1 Naturalistic Observation –Watch and Record behavior in natural environment –Good for description, not explanation 2 Case Study –Study one, or a few cases in depth –Necessary when population is small –Participants may be atypical 3 Survey –Question people using paper, computer, or interview –Economic, Practical –May be only way to get data on mental thoughts –Self reports may be inaccurate. 4 Correlational Study – Measure 2 or more variables – See how variables are related by calculating a Correlation Coefficient Correlation Coefficient – a number from -1 to +1 – Sign tells how variables are related (Positive = as one variable increases, so does the other) (Negative = as one variable increases, the other decreases) – Number tells how strongly they are related +1 = Strongest Positive -1 = Strongest Negative 0 = No relation -0.1 = Weak correlation .32 = Moderate correlation -.99 > .23 Correlation =/= Causation Hey, I appreciate the support you're showing by choosing to buy my notes! I hope everything is complaints, and I'll be sure to implement them for next time!il at about any


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