ANSC 2000 set 4
ANSC 2000 set 4 ANSC 2000 - 001
Popular in Companion Animal Management
Popular in Animal Science
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Elliott on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 2000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Carolyn E Huntington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Companion Animal Management in Animal Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
ANSC 2000 Notes 3 Selection of Dogs & Cats Key Terms: 1. PAT Puppy Aptitude Test which is applied in evaluating prospective pets. 2. OFA Orthopedic Foundation for Animals which provides radiography evaluation, database maintenance, & breeding advice to reduce hip dysplasia 3. CERF Canine Eye Registration Foundation white helps reduce incidence of hereditary eye disease & issue certificate to owner if animal is free from disease. Memorize: Common Reasons Acquire pets: - Someone to play with o 90% Dog/ 93% Cat owners - Companionship o 83% Dog/ 84% Cat owners - Help children learn about pets & responsibilities o 82% Dog/ 78% Cat owners - Someone to communicate with o 57% Dog/ 62% Cat owners - Security o 79% Dog/ 51% Cat owners Purebreds: - Predictable size, cost, care, & temperament - Significant initial cost Mixed breeds or mutts: - Charming uniqueness - Hybrid vigor - More likely to be free of genetic defects common to purebreds - Lower initial cost (often free or inexpensive) Good prospective pet traits include: - Social attraction, following, restraint - Social dominance - Elevation - Retrieving - Touch, sound or sight sensitivity - Degree of startle response - Physical structure/conformation OFA includes 17 separate databases of canine genetic diseases - Hip & elbow dysplasia - Patella luxation - Autoimmune thyroiditis - Congenital heart disease & deafness - Sebaceous adenitis - Copper toxicosis - Cystinuria - Etc… Many diseases in dogs are genetic: - >500 genetic diseases in purebreds - >100 in mixedbreeds ______________________________________________________________________________ Important Information: Before buying a cat or dog you should: - Research (AKC dog book is a good start) - DO NOT make a spur of the moment decision - Be mindful of when they will be grown - Ask yourself: o Is the living situation favorable for the pet? o Are there any restrictions at my residence? o Are you prepared for time commitment? o Is your lifestyle flexible enough to be a pet owner? o Can you afford the animal & their needs? o Does the temperament considered promise to be tolerant yet protective? o What will its reaction to other animals & people be? o Would an older animal better fit my lifestyle? o Male or Female? - Determine qualities you want in a pet - Ask questions & expect questions asked of you - Seek advice from professionals about reputation & disposition of popular breeds - Try to see both parents to estimate size & conformation of pet - Observe entire litter to see how they interact to estimate how future behavior may be How to be a responsible owner: - Fulfill more than basic needs - Be familiar with local & state laws o Animal registration o Vaccinations Licensed animals easier to return if lost Tag collar w/ name & address Microchip &/or tattoo o Leash laws o “Nuisance” laws - Be considerate of neighbors - Exercise them - Pick up after them Where to purchase? - Breeders Characteristics: Usually see both parents onsite Expect a healthy animal, parasitefree, & vaccinated Reputable breeders select away from genetic problems - Newspaper Ads Characteristics: May cost less (but may have problems with animal) Often no health records available - Pet stores: Characteristics: Majority comes from “puppy mills” May pay premium price for genetically inferior animal - Animal shelter/humane society: Characteristics: Often least expensive route Second opportunity for many pets Don’t know about parents however Increased risk of separation anxiety & behavioral problems - Breed rescue organizations: Characteristics: Provide excellent info about breed Place abandoned animals in foster homes while waiting for adoption Sale/Purchase Contract should: - identify puppy including microchip or tattoo info - If purebred, needs all AKC requirements as well as guarantee & stipulations of sale (in case vets find serious problems with them) - Should include overall health guarantees (What it covers, expiration, compensation) Rescues are often relinquished because: - Lost or abandoned - Size - Surrendered due to death/illness of owner Male or Female: - Males may be more aggressive & tend to be bigger than females some prefer due to no estrous cycles & unwanted suitors that follow Good to spay/neuter your animal to neutralize concerns & prevent cancer in the future Commonly more affectionate, attentive, & demanding of attention than females Attracted to people & tend to be more steadfast, reliable, & less moody Frequently more outgoing & more excepting of other pets & children Easily motivated, but also easily distracted during training - Females Misconception that females are better due to maternal instinct, but it has not been proven Less likely to display mounting behavior or mark areas of the home Females demonstrate social dominance & compete to maintain order May be more independent, stubborn, & territorial than males More likely to exhibit alpha behavior Most fight broken up by owners are between females Go in heat every 6 months unless spayed Hemorrhagic vaginal discharge may stain floors & furniture Leave scent to lead males directly to your front door Choose pet based on personality most importantly Good temperament is closely associated with a dog being wellsuited for the owner’s preferences & purposes Socially attracted dogs - Exhibit strong interest in people - Enjoy being petted & receiving attention Hounds follow eyes & noses & are commonly oblivious to people Terriers re inclined to be scrappy, tough, & independent Poodles have been selected for most traits Training: - Do not assume breeds know how to instinctively behave ALL need training - “Smart dogs” are not always most easily trained (learn differently based on breed due to instincts) PATs do not reliably predict adult behavior (environmental factors, experiences, & training impact) Testing: - Done in unfamiliar place for puppies one at a time - No other dogs or people present except scorer & tester - Tester is unknown to dogs/ scorer is disinterested 3 party & not person selling you the dog Scorer is unobtrusive & position him/herself so they can see puppies’ responses without having to move - Tested before feeding - Tested at liveliest Do not test if they aren’t feeling well or day before or after vaccinations - Only 1 response counts Health: - Select one that appears healthy, energetic, & active - Large dogs are more prone to joint problems (hip & elbow dysplasia) - Smaller breeds prone to “loose kneecaps” - Many diseases in dogs are genetic in origin - Identification & diagnosis of genetic diseases is complex & many don’t show up until late in life Hypothyroidism Heart disease Progressive retinal atrophy - Other diseases influenced by environment Hip dysplasia - May appear normal but carry genes capable of carrying disease Some diseases are recessive - Signs may vary from unapparent to severe - Elimination of genetic disease accomplished through selective breeding Necessary to know inheritance pattern - Some diseases relay on phenotypic expression while others have DNA tests developed for positive ID C:\Users\KMElliott5\Downloads\Health of Pets Wordsearch.htm Parents: - No guarantee offspring will resemble parents - Many people are influenced in coat & markings C:\Users\KMElliott5\Downloads\Selection of Pets Unscramble.png
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