American Gov Chpt 1 Notes
American Gov Chpt 1 Notes Pols 1101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akila Webb on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
Chapter 1 Notes What are Governments? Government- a set of institution that endures over time. Also defined as a set of institutions that in relation to the people of a particular territory, authoritatively makes and enforces laws. 1. A legislature called Congress which is composed of a Senate and House of Representatives. 2. An executive branch including the offices of the President and Vice President including bureaucratic agencies: organizational units within the executive branch of government responsible for implementing specific public polices and or providing public services 3. The judicial branch includes the supreme court of the U.S. and many lower courts. Section Review: 1. Which of the following are part of the definition of government provided above? A set of institutions that endure over time A set of institutions that in relation to the people of a particular territory, authoritatively makes and enforces laws 2. What is a legislature? An institution of government that makes laws 3. What are bureaucratic agencies? Organizational units within the executive branch of government responsible for implementing specific public policies and/or providing public services 4. What is the name of the legislature of the federal government of the USA? Congress Territoriality US governs its own territory Federalism- authority is partly divided an partly shared between the federal government and the 50 state government Basically, federalism means authority is partly divided and partly shared between the federal and state governments. Section Review 1. The government of Canada as authority over people who live in the USA. False 2. Which of the following statements is true about the American system of federalism? In American federalism there are some areas of public policy over which only the federal government has authority and some areas which only state government have authority. Authoritatively Making & Enforcing Laws Laws/rules require action, prohibit action or permit action. Example: Require: If you drive a car you must have insurance. Prohibit: If you are under 16 you may not drive. Permit: IF you are 16 and older and have a license you can drive. Statutes: laws made by congress or state legislature Ordinance: law made by a city Separation of Powers: principle of government that means legislative executive and judicial powers are exercised by three separate branches of government consisting of distinct institutions that are staffed by officials who serve a term at a time Legislative branch focuses on making laws, while the executive and judicial branches are concerned with the implantation or enforcement of law. Section Review: 1. Which of the following statements are true about the concept of government authority? A government with a legitimate claim to authority is a government with a rightful or justified claim to authority A government with authority over a people has a right to issue commands to the people and to expect those commands to be obeyed 2. Regulations are… Rules made by the bureaucratic agencies that have the force of law 3. Which of the following statement are true about the principle of “separation of powers”? In the American system of separation of powers, the legislative branch has primary responsibility of making laws. It is the principle of government that means legislative, executive, and judicial powers are exercised by three separate branches of government consisting of distinct institutions that are staffed by officials who serve in only one institution at a time In the American system of separation of powers, the executive and judicial branches are concerned with the enforcement of law Monopoly [controls what is based and allowed] on the Legitimate Use of Physical Force The ability of the government to take away, “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. Americans are subjected not to a monopoly but to two authorities (state and federal) ie: a duopoly. w/a claim to legitimately use physical force and of the legitimate authority to make judge the law Section Review: 1. What reason of “a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force” is misleading for understanding American government? Due to the American system if federalism over many areas of public policy, no single government has a monopoly over the legitimate use of force. Government as Sovereign Sovereignty- to have sovereignty is to be the highest authority to rule over a given territory. Sovereign government are understood to have a right to defend their sovereignty from foreign aggression Popular sovereignty- the idea that the people of a particular territory have the highest authority to rule over that territory, also defined as a right to defend one’s country from physical interference from foreign aggression. Government authority is legitimate only if it derives from the consent of the people Section Review: 1. Which of the following statements are consent with what was said about the concept of sovereignty in America? To have sovereignty is to be the highest authority to rule over a given territory In the international system, it is understood that the US is sovereign in the sense that it has a right to defend itself from interference from the countries Power over the People Governments make rules binding on all residents of a territory (and not just those who choose to be member of the organization) Political power: person or organization A has power over another person or organization B to the extent that A can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do Power of the purse: government ability to influence behavior by using money through taxing and/or spending; legislative branch controls To get people to do things that they would not do otherwise Governments rely on two basic kinds of methods besides the use of force 1. Affecting hearts and minds 2. Using the power of the purse as positive incentives (include benefit) negative incentives (provoke fear) Section Review: 1. Which of the following statements are consistent with that this section says about how government exercises power of the people? To say that government exercises power over the people is to say that government can get the people to do what the people would not otherwise do. Money is sued by governments, as well as other human organizations as a carrot and a stick in order to get people to of what they otherwise would not do. Government are the only human organizations that seek to exercise power of affecting hearts and minds. 2. In American government the power of the sword is said to be lodged in the legislative branch of the government while the power of the purse is wielded by the executive branch. False; power of the sword= executive branch, power of the purse= executive branch Generic Power of Goods Public goods: once provided no one is a group can be excluded from enjoying (non- excludable) the non- excludability of public goods creates collective action problems because of the temptation to free ride Private good: excludable, things are for sale Free riding: threatens to prevent a group from providing a public good Section Review: 1. What is true about Jane’s story? A public good is a world w/o climate change
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