Rock 'n Roll American Society (MMC1702) Week 1
Rock 'n Roll American Society (MMC1702) Week 1 MMC1702
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Alamilla on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MMC1702 at University of Florida taught by Carlson,David E in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Rock 'n Roll and American Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
Rock ‘n Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 1 The origins of rock ‘n roll music/Birth of rock ‘n roll - Earliest influences/influencers - Where did it come from? Rock ‘n Roll – a mashup of blues, country, jazz and gospel Leading up to the Civil War era, there were different streams of music and there was different types of music for each race. - The music never crossed over It can be argued that blues is the single biggest influencer in rock ‘n roll. Rock ‘n Roll evolved from musical traditions just like jazz and blues did. Rock ’n Roll is… - An art and a business o Many wanted to improve their life through a career in music o Music & Radio 1920s – A regionalized nation – no mass media Records run at 78 rpm, 3 mins to a side 1930s – AM radio becomes the dominant mass media The first long-playing records are introduced, 33 1/3 by RCA and 45 rpm by Columbia o The 45 rpm records became the main way to distribute rock ‘n roll until the 1960s 1940s (WWII) – Nuclear weapons, television, LP records, and in 1949, 45 rpm records 1950s – TV becomes mainstream; the space age begins o Rock as a business force Rock ‘n Roll really develops after WWII The music was bought by teenagers Major labels only offered classical music and show tunes The Indie labels capitalized on the success of rock and roll in the 1950s - A threat to mainstream (conservative) American culture o Rock ‘n Roll was like something from outer space – It was very different from the popular music of the time o Before the ‘50s there was a clear distinction between Fine Art and Folk Art The biggest difference is the amount of study/practice Folk Art is the opposite of Fine Art The divisions were changed due to rock and roll and the mass media in the 1950s - A showcase of technology o New instruments, recording techniques, etc. contributed to the growth of rock and roll. o Artists felt threatened by recordings and radio because they would make money with live performances o 3 most basic instruments of rock – guitar, bass, drums o Key Inventions for Rock ‘n Roll Solid body electric guitar – the defining instrument of rock ‘n roll Transistor radio (portable radio) Led to cards having radios installed in them Through this, white kids were able to listen to music by blacks for the first time o The crossover of music begins - A linear, evolutionary process o A never ending process of “being influenced” and “influencing” o Example of the process: “The Train Kept A-Rollin” Original composition by Tiny Bradshaw in 1950. It was jump blues style Than the song was covered by Johnny Burnette and the Rock ‘n Roll Trio in 1956. They sang a Rock-a-Billy version. In 1965, the song was covered The Yardbirds In 1974, Aerosmith covered the song When was it termed rock ‘n roll? Who called it that? - Alan Freed, a DJ in Cleveland - He aired rhythm and blues and country music and called it the Rock ‘n Roll Show Pioneers Tin Pan Alley - Mid 1890s - Information in the book - (Test question) Scott Joplin’s “Maple Leaf Rag” was the first crossover hit – It sold 1 million copies in the early 1900s What eventually became Rock ‘n Roll developed in the subcultures of Race and Hillbilly music - Race music – Music for blacks created by blacks o Race music is the first “real” music to convey deep feelings - Hillbilly music – Music for the rural white people in the South created by rural white people Blues Artists: W.C. Handy - The “Father of the Blues” - First person to write down a blues song - His biggest hit was “St. Louis Blues” written in 1914 Ma Rainey – “Mother of the Blues” - Recorded some 100 sides (songs) for Paramount - Very influential - Born in Columbus, GA - “Lost Wandering Blues” (1923) - Inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 - “See See Rider Blues” (1925) Bessie Smith – The “Empress of the Blues” - Sold 780,000 copies of “St. Louis Blues” - The first blues artist that sold the most copies - Inducted into the Rock ‘n Roll Hall of Fame in 1989 Trixie Smith - “My Man Rocks Me (With One Steady Roll)” (1922) - (Rock ‘n Roll was slang for sex in the black community) Lucille Bogan - “Shave ‘Em Dry” (1935) - Risqué blues Blind Lemon Jefferson - He played Country Blues - “Match Box Blues” (1927) o Carl Perkins covered the song -> “Match Box” in 1956 “Match Box” was covered by The Beatles in 1964 Blind Willie McTell - Sang Country Blues - “Statesboro Blues” (1928) o The Allman Brothers did a cover of this song in 1971
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