New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 1 - Organic Chemistry: Lecture Notes

by: Audrey Hernandez

Week 1 - Organic Chemistry: Lecture Notes CHEM 2410

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Organic Chemistry > CHEM 2410 > Week 1 Organic Chemistry Lecture Notes
Audrey Hernandez
GPA 3.6
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Organic Chemistry 1

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Organic Chemistry 1 notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes review the basics of atomic structures and bonding as talked about in lectures for week 1 of the school year.
Organic Chemistry 1
Joseph Schmidt
Class Notes
Science, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry




Popular in Organic Chemistry 1

Popular in Organic Chemistry

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Hernandez on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 2410 at University of Toledo taught by Joseph Schmidt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Organic Chemistry at University of Toledo.


Reviews for Week 1 - Organic Chemistry: Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/28/16
Organic Chemistry I Week 1 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt    Atomic Structures and Bonding    ❖ Why compounds form:  ➢ To release energy and get to a more stable energy level  ➢ To gain or lose electrons to satisfy the octet rule  ■ Octet Rule: The tendency for atoms to do everything they can to achieve a  full outer shell  ❖ Electronegativity: A way to measure an atom's ability to attract electrons  ➢ This is related with ionization energy (energy required to take an electron away)  ■ Example:​ Atoms with high electronegativity, ability to pull in electrons,  will also have high ionization values as it will require more energy to take  away electrons  ➢ Periodic trends include increasing electronegativity as you move up and to the  right, with fluorine being the most electronegative  ➢ Family VIII on the periodic table, or the noble gases, are not electronegative as  they already have full outer shells  ❖ Depending on the difference of electronegativity between two or more atoms will result  in different bond types  ➢ Ionic bonds  ■ Result if the difference in electronegativity is large  ■ This tends to happen when there is attraction between two oppositely  charged atoms (cation and anion)  ➢ Covalent bonds  ■ Result if the difference in electronegativity is small and when attractive  forces of the atoms are stronger than repulsive forces  ■ There are two types of covalent bonds  ● Nonpolar   ◆ Almost no difference in electronegativity  ◆ Share electrons equally  ● Polar  ◆ One atom has higher electronegativity than the other  ◆ Electrons are pulled in by the more electronegative side  ➢ This creates a negatively charged side and a  positively charged side      Organic Chemistry I Week 1 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt    ❖ Using periodic trends one can quickly deduce the number of valence electrons an atom  has (do ​not ​ focus on transition metals for this)  ➢ Family I elements will have 1 valence electron  ➢ Family II  elements will have 2 valence electrons  ➢ Family III elements will have 3 valence electrons  ➢ Family IV elements will have 4 valence electrons  ➢ Family V elements will have 5 valence electrons  ➢ Family VI elements will have 6 valence electron  ➢ Family VII elements will have 7 valence electrons  ➢ Family VIII elements will have 8 valence electrons  ❖ Lewis dot structures  ➢ Provide a quick way to show where bonds are and how many valence electrons  are involved  ➢ Do not always give an accurate representation of how a molecule looks or bond  angles  ➢ Often resonance structures, which show there there are multiple ways to draw a  molecule  ■ Often done with molecules with a double or triple bond  ❖ Double and triple bonds  ➢ These often occur for 2nd period elements on the periodic table  ➢ Bond length decreases in a double bond and even further decreases with a triple  bond  ➢ As bond length decreases, bond strength will increase 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.