POLS 220- Week 1 Notes
POLS 220- Week 1 Notes POLS 220
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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POLS 220 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Landry Notetaker on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 220 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Bryan P. Frost in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
TermsandConcepts Class #1 Comparative Politics: - The critical study and evaluation of the similarities and differences among and between political systems and/or among and between parts or aspects of those systems o Example Do liberal democracies go to war? Yes o Do liberal democracies go to war against one another? No - Compares and contracts different political systems - One of many subfields (areas of concentrations) o Example: Public policies, public administration, American politics - No other subfield have their principle task as comparative politics - Closest subfield to comparative politics is international relations (IR) o International relations is interested in how political structures affect the conduct of foreign policy Dictatorship (does not have to consult public opinion) o International relations is interested in how states interact international (world stage) Not concerned about the structure (comparative politics) but how they interact - Political philosophy o Aristotle First comparative political scientist Collected constitutions and wrote about them o Theme: the best way of life/ the best regime (political order) - Overlaps with other subfields but primary focus is in different political regimes and hwo they can be compare - What can you compare in comparative politics? o Certain kinds of government o Certain kinds of political parties o Various institutions (executive, legislature) o Various elections, primaries o Policy issues Healthcare o Virtually endless - Small number of different kinds of states that are emblamtic in the world o Great Britain Parliament o France Semi- presidential o China Last communist state in existence today By doing the above we will be able to develop ideas, concepts, theories, a common vocabulary that is generally or universally true about political systems other than the United States State: - A form of political organization that include the necessary offices and institutions for government and which possess sovereignty and territoriality - Government - Economy (mechanism of exchange) - Territoriality - People o culture - Sovereignty o Enforcer Territoriality: - The political unit in question has a geographical perimeter o Some sort of boundary (borders) o Has land it can call its own - No land=no state Sovereignty: - Synonyms: autonomy, independence - The political unit or state is autonomous or independent within its own borders o Two aspects to be a FULLY sovereign state External Autonomy (from without) The state is NOT subservient to any other state Makes its own decisions based on what it wants o Can be influenced Example: Canada and US Army Internal Control and Order (from within) Max Weber o German sociologist A monopoly (state)on the use of legitimate violence (police) None in cold war o Two applications of Sovereignty Juridical- de juro Of or pertaining to law o Legal concept Sovereignty as a juridical concept Is the state legally recognized as a state by other states? o Palestine, Cuba (Castro was a communist), Iran (American hostages), Taiwan-> not juridical (not recognized by China or US but Central American countries do) Legal recognition (how to express approval or disapproval of a country) of a country is a way another country can express their dislike or approval of a country United Nations (NOT perfect) o Have legal recognition by most other countries How does a country recognize another country as sovereignty? Exchange ambassadors Empirical de factor Does it actually make its decisions (internal and external control) Does the country have sovereignty despite its status of Juridical-de jure o Example Cuba Had Castro
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