AMH2010 Week 1 Lecture Notes
AMH2010 Week 1 Lecture Notes AMH 2010
University of Central Florida
Popular in U.S. History 1492-1877
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2010 at University of Central Florida taught by Dr. John Sacher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 267 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1492-1877 in History at University of Central Florida.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
Native Americans I. When? A. 12,00015,000 years ago II. How many? A. About 4 million III. Where? A. People from Asia crossed the Bering Strait from Asia into North America and South America IV. European Contact A. Native Americans lose out on the side of conflict with Europeans even with there being about 4 million of them 1. Europeans have better war technology: ships with cannons, guns, horses. Native Americans have maybe bows and arrows 2. Europeans carried diseases that didn’t exist in the New World and would affect the Natives terribly. Includes smallpox, typhus, and measles (P.M. Ashburton). 3. Over 90% of all Natives that died were killed by disease 4. Native American tribes are not all united and won’t gather to push enemies out ● Clovis people; hunters in New Mexico ● PreClovis people border of South Carolina and Georgia ● Cahokia was the largest Native American city in North America, in Illinois European “Discovery” I. European Contact II. Portuguese, Spanish, French III. England/Virginia A. Problems B. Solutions C. Other Southern Colonies Columbian Exchange: exchange of goods, ideas, diseases, plants, and animals Atlantic World Cortes: gets offer to serve in Spanish navy in Cuba, doesn’t get the fame he expected; heard about the Aztecs and a land of wealth so he sails there to conquer the land; burns his ships so his men can’t go back; 200 tons of gold and 16,000 tons of silver were brought to Spain Richard Hakluyt’s argument regarding why England should plant colonies: 1. To extend reform religion 2. To expand trade 3. To increase English revenues (i.e. precious metals) Caravel: to travel; 66 x 17 ft; durable and maneuverable Prince Henry the Navigator Christopher Columbus: asks King and Queen to finance his trip; thought he had found the Indies and not a new continent; establishes the idea that Europeans are here to stay Ponce de Leon: travels to Florida Sir Walter Raleigh: sends expedition to the outer banks of North Carolina and later sends people over to Roanoke Island Roanoke: home of Lost colony; the people here vanished and left the carving “Croatoan” in the trees Joint Stock Company: people invested in this to make profit in the New World; created the Jamestown settlement Jamestown: Virginia; had problems; had about 105 guys; John Smith said people had to work to eat; people kicked John Smith out and so came the starving winter; colony first shrinks from 105 settlers in 1607 to 60 in 1610, but later there are 800 in 1622 and continues growing to 8,100 in 1640 **between 1607 and 1622, 4,279 settlers arrive. Between 1625 and 1640 15,000 arrive John Smith John Rolfe Powhatan: wants to take the 105 guys to work for him Pocahontas: saves John Smith as the Powhatan are about to kill him, but Europeans thought him being saved was a sign from God that if they kept trying they would conquer the Indians; she becomes liaison between the Natives and Europeans Headrights House of Burgesses Indentured Servants Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) Barbados “A colony of a colony” James Oglethorpe ● Native Americans didn’t view land as being owned by anyone so when Americans would pay to use it and end up making it their own it would start problems ● Reasons people would go to America: land, money, trade, fame, precious metals, religious freedom ● French get the Mississippi River, the most important transport river