PSY 420 Chapter 2 Book Notes
PSY 420 Chapter 2 Book Notes PSY420
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY420 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Gordon Cappelletty in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Psychological Assessment in Psychology at Lenoir-Rhyne University.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
PSY 420 Chapter Two Book Notes Chapter 2: Why is Psychological Testing Important? (p.3655) The Importance of Psychological Testing p.3738 Individual decisions test takers use their test scores to make decisions about themselves Institutional decisions made by another entity about an individual based on his or her results Comparative decisions made by comparing the test scores of a number of people to see who has the best score Absolute decisions made by other institutions by looking at who has the minimum score needed to qualify Who Uses the Tests and Why? p.39 Educational Clinical Organizational *full chart on p.39 of textbook* Social and Legal Implications Intelligence Tests (p.44) Discrimination racial and economic intelligence, aptitude, and achievement Education heredity vs. environment Army nature vs. nurture controversy Aptitude Tests (p.47) US Employment GATB tested: a. General learning ability b. Verbal aptitude c. Numerical aptitude d. Spatial aptitude e. Form perception f. Clerical perception g. Motor coordination h. Finger dexterity i. Manual dexterity Withingroup norming or “racial norming”: the practice of administering the same test to every test taker but scoring the test differently according to the race of the test taker (p.49) Education more students from different backgrounds were interested in attending college in the 1960s and 1970s, therefore there was a drop in the national SAT average Integrity Tests (p.50) Measure individual attitudes and experiences toward honesty, dependability, trustworthiness, reliability, and prosocial behavior Two Types (p.51): 1. Respond to questions about previous experiences related to ethics and integrity (overt and straightforward questions) 2. Respond to questions about their preferences and interests (personality based questions) Many individuals and labor groups oppose their use because: a. Neither valid nor reliable b. Invasion of privacy c. Have a different effect on minorities *HighStakes Testing in Education (p.5254)*
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