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Week 1

by: Kamila Dona

Week 1 5020

Kamila Dona
Webster University
GPA 3.9
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About this Document

These notes highlight the most important parts of the textbook and will be used in the mid-term and final exam.
Foundations: The Helping Relationship
Prof. King
Class Notes
Counseling, Foundations, Psychology, Therapy




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kamila Dona on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 5020 at Webster University taught by Prof. King in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Foundations: The Helping Relationship in Counseling at Webster University.

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Date Created: 08/28/16
Foundations: The Helping Profession The Language of Counseling •An Evolving Profession • - theoretical premises • - individual philosophers • - culture (the social milieu) What is Counseling? - A process used to enhance lives of people who seek change - to develop self-understanding - to learn how to anticipate and meet new challenges in life - used as the treatment "option" for interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships...specially in the culture of the U.S. ACA Defnition: • "The application of mental health, psychological, and human development principles through cognitive affective, behavioral and systemic intervention strategies, that address wellness, personal growth, and career development, as well as pathology. What Characteristics are important? • Emerging Counselors must have an appreciation for a very broad range of: - behaviors - attitudes - self-concepts - cultural agendas - feelings Functional behavior: facilitates growth, coping, problem solving. Counseling and Theory • Over 400 approaches • Generally all fall under four predominate "forces" - Psychodynamic - Cognitive/Behavioral - Humanistic - Transpersonal Counseling and Culture - Culture plays a complex role in interpersonal relationships - Counseling is Multicultural - Cultural Encapsulate: Involves defning reality according to one set of cultural assumptions & stereotypes; becoming insensitive to cultural variations among individuals and assuming that one's personal view is the only real or legitimate one, embracing unreasoned assumptions that one accepts without proof. 3 Major Abilities - 1. Ability to generate maximum number of words, thoughts, and behaviors to communicate with self & others within culture - 2. Ability to generate the thoughts, words & behaviors necessary to communicate with a variety of diverse groups & individuals. - 3. Ability to formulate plans, act on many possibilities existing in a culture, and refect on these actions Counseling Conditions/Effects - a person who is trustworthy, confdence-inspiring, and competent..sought a counselor - Prospective relationships must hold promise for success - Many counselors believe that the RELATIONSHIP established is the primary factor in determining successful in counseling. Successful Counseling Outcomes: - 1. Clients begin to perceive their problems and issues from quite different contexts...ownership...accepting responsibility for oneself - 2. Clients develop a more useful understanding of problems and issues: -Feelings & somatic reactions(affect) associated with the problem -Thoughts (cognitions) related to how they perceive or explain the problem - Behavior patterns attributed to the problem - Interpersonal relationships that affect or are affected by the problem. Successful Counseling Outcomes: - 3. Clients acquire new responsibilities to old issues - 4. Clients learn how to develop effective relationships - Counseling usually results in more than one single, all-inclusive outcome for clients. Effective change is multifaceted & comprehensive; it includes keener understanding of the dynamics of problem sources and maintenance, new insights, different & more effective interpersonal relationships. Characteristics of Effective Helpers - Self-Awareness and Understanding - Good psychological health - Sensitive to and understanding of racial, ethnic, and cultural factors in self and others - Open-mindedness - Objectivity - Trustworthiness - Empathy - Genuineness - Unconditional positive regard Self-Understanding & Awareness • Awareness of: - Your needs - Your motivation - Your feelings - Your personal strengths, limitations & coping skills Lack of awareness can result in projection onto the client...similar to countertransference (emotional reactions of the counselor to the client) Social Infuence Model - Expertness - Competence • Two basic assumptions: ↳Helper must establish a power base of infuence with client through relationship comprising of competence, trustworthiness, attractiveness ↳Helper must actively use this base of infuence to effect opinion & behavior changes in the client Summary - Parameters of the counseling process - Relate process theory, philosophy and culture - Illustrate purposes of effective counseling - Highlight major personal characteristics of effective counselors


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