Abnormal Psychology: Week 1.
Abnormal Psychology: Week 1. Psy 2710
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessa Snyder on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 2710 at Ohio University taught by Dr.Sarver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
Introduction: Week 1: How do we define mental illness DSM-5- The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental illness. The DSM-5 is the eighth version and the first to not use roman numerals. The first DSM was created in 1952 and included 90 pages; while the DSM-5 has 980. It is revised by a voting committee who discuss each illness and vote on whether one should be added or dropped. ICD- International classification of disease, all physical illnesses, the DSM uses this to diagnose mental illnesses because it was so successful. Syndrome- a group of symptoms that occur together Etiology- the cause Risk- what people do to be at risk Treatment- How to get better Epidemiology- The precise way in which it is caused and how it is transmitted, this helps prevention. The DSM uses symptoms as oppose to causes. We can't create treatment until people agree on the symptoms on the DSM. There are five primary, "domains" of mental function. These are subdivided into lower-level systems. 1 Keeping the brain functioning, Brain stem. 2 Social processes, Basal ganglia. 3 Storing and using information, Hippocampus. 4 Moving towards positive rewards, Thalamus. 5 Avoiding harm, where fear resides, Amygdala. The DSM-5 is attempting to connect the brain and behavior, biology contributes but does not cause. A person may be predisposed to an illness, but their environment plays a big role. Apophenia- the cognitive tendency to construct patterns. Why people give stereotypes. People like consistency. It takes 11 seconds to make an opinion on someone, there is a 15% chance of you changing your opinion. Pareidolia- The cognitive tendency to give patterns meaning. Our interpretation of stereotypes. Adorno et al- an early social psychologist and colleagues wrote a book on prejudice, he states that people are prejudice because of mental illness. He believed we shouldn't talk to those with these illnesses. Thomas Szasz- He wrote a book on the myth of mental illness, he argued that mental illness was a concept created by cultures to control the behavior of its members. He disagreed with Adorno. His fear was once you embrace prejudice as an illness you disconnect it from patterns, (Apophenia), he believed that prejudice is lack of information. He predicted that sexism, racism, etc. will not change for 100 years because we cease to change our minds. Those who disagree with us must be mentally ill. o Ex: Back when Homosexuality was an illnesses. Since they did not follow the status quo they were believed to be mentally ill. He believed that the law and psychiatry should be separated. When a mentally ill person becomes arrested the criminal justice system takes care of them. A mental hospital is not a prison. Mental illness should be defined by the individual, not the culture. Treatment should be voluntary not forced. Should be determined competent until proven guilty. Drapetomania- Back when we had slavery, people in the south believed that slaves were treated well and were considered mentally ill when the decided to run away. The sheriff in each county has the right to determine if you are mentally ill. In New York you do not have confidentiality if you report abuse or own a weapon. Each state has different laws. Statistical Analysis-a method in determining abnormal behavior. (Bell shaped curve). Determine the outliers are mentally ill. o Ex: hallucinations: if a person has them they are mentally ill, but drugs, and religion (back in the 1800s people "talking" to God) create hallucinations, Cultural- Society's favor of behavior. Moral behavior, if someone deviates from the norm they are also considered mentally ill. Each culture is different, some cultures believe killing is okay. Each definition of normal varies between culture. Another way to determine mental illnesses. Dysfunction- have a hard time functioning in society. o Freud's theory is a "normal" person has the ability to love and work properly Distress- in turmoil, depressed, anxious, etc. Are they that way for a reason? Or for no reason? o Ex: Wife left, child in jail, and have a terminal illness therefore it is appropriate to be distressed. o Ex: perfect life, but still distressed therefore it is not appropriate to be distressed. Rigid- They have to do things a certain way. Dangerousness- Dangerous to self and others, suicidal, homicidal. Rosenhan's experiment- Being admitted into a psychiatric facility without having illnesses. After they were released Rosenhan perform this experiment again, but warned the same hospital that he was admitting patients during a certain time span. The hospital thus gave Rosenhan a list of names of the possibly sane patients, yet Rosenhan never admitted anyone. Legal System and how they determine mental illness. Actus reus- must do an evil deed. Mens rea- have an evil intent Of both of these conditions insanity is both being met. An evil deed can be done without an evil intent. (accidents) McNaughton Case- He was certain someone was spying on him, we would classify him as a paranoid schizophrenia (now known as delusional disorder) The only way he could eliminate this feeling was to kill the British Prime Minister. He killed the secretary instead. During the trial they questioned whether or not he had the capacity to determine right from wrong. Insanity defense- not under the right mindset, due to mental illness or under the influence. Diminished capacity to control impulses. Sentenced to drug court.
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