Elements of Music Notes-Melody and Harmony
Elements of Music Notes-Melody and Harmony MUS 1030
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breuna Hayward on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 1030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Maureen Moeller in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music in Music at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
Melody Pitch- “highness” or “lowness” of a sound Frequency-Rate/speed of vibrations per second (determines pitch of sound) rate of vibration per second high pitches = fast vibrations low pitches = slower vibrations measured in Hertz (Hz) A = 440 Hz Pitch Names Syllables = solfege (1600 in Europe) Do re mi fa sol la ti do Numbers = which notes to play (Asia) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Letters A B C D E F G Melody-Selection of pitches in the succession (horizontal thinking) Melodic Contour Outline (like a city’s skyline) Conjunct = moves by step Disjunct = moves by leap Combination Examples: “Joy to the World”-conjunct “Live Your Life”-Disjunct “Moves Like Jagger”-Disjunct “Ode To Joy”-Conjunct Intervals-distance between 2 pitches nd rd th th th th Naming intervals 2 , 3 ,4 ,5 ,6 ,7 , octave Auto-Tune-Pitch correction software Antares Audio Technologies Created by Andy Hildebrand (Exxon engineer) Scale-pitches in ascending or descending orders Diatonic = pattern of half and whole steps Chromatic = all 12 pitches in an octave Pentatonic = five-note scale Harmony Harmony: Pitches Heard Simultaneously = Thinking Vertically Half step Minor second Smallest intervals in Western Music 12 steps per octave Interval review Distance between two pitches Naming intervals (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, octave) Type of interval (major, minor) Major/Minor Half step Minor second Smallest interval in Western music 12 half steps per octave Whole step Major second 2 half steps Microtones An interval smaller than the Western half step Feature of Arabic music o 24 pitches per octave Chord 3 or more pitches stacked vertically o 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 o 1 (2) 3 (4) 5 (4) 3 (2) 1 o 1 3 5 3 1 o 3 groups: 1 3 5 Dissonance and Consonance Dissonance Tense, unstable, discordant Produces tension Consonance Stable, free of tension, aesthetically pleasing Releases tension Pitch Hierarchy Some pitch(es) more important than others Tonic = tonal center Key = tonal center named after specific pitch Dominant = 5th note of scale o Take Five by the Dave Brubeck Quartet Subdominant = 4th note of scale Leading tone = 7th note of scale Chords Progression-Sequence of chords
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