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Learning and Behavior Chapter 1

by: Bianca Bailey

Learning and Behavior Chapter 1 PSY 309

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Psychlogy > PSY 309 > Learning and Behavior Chapter 1
Bianca Bailey
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About this Document

These notes cover what learning and behavior is.
Dr. Gustafson
Class Notes
learning, Psycology, behavior




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bianca Bailey on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 309 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Gustafson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Learning in Psychlogy at University of Mississippi.


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Date Created: 08/28/16
Learning and Behavior Notes Chapter 1 Introduction: Learning to Change  Change is only constant  Natural Selection  On the Origin of Species (1859) species adapt to changes in world  Individuals with favorable variation more likely to survive and reproduce;  succeeding generations more likely to show helpful characteristics  Natural selection – tendency for characteristics that contribute to the survival  of a species to persist and for those that do not to disappear  Species change through natural selection  Mutations – change in a gene  mutations can occur in any cell; those that occur in reproductive cells passed  on  most mutations are not helpful to survival  variation in behavior and natural selection produce repertoire of partly innate,  adaptive behaviors that include reflexes, modal action patterns and general  behavior traits  Reflexes  Relationship between specific event and simple response to that event  Sensitization – increase in intensity or probability of a reflex response  resulting from earlier exposure to stimulus that elicits a response  Habituation – decrease in the probability or intensity of a reflex response  Modal Action pattern  Series of interrelated acts found in all or most members of a species  Strong genetic biases; little variability  Involve entire organism  Modal action patterns differ from reflexes in that MAPS involve the entire  organism and are more complex and variable  Releasers – stimulus that reliably elicits a fixed action pattern  General Behavior Traits  General behavior tendency that is strongly influenced by genes, activity level,  aggression, introversion, anxiety, hoarding and sexual practices  Aversives – things an individual tries to escape or avoid  Heredity may play a role in sexual preference  Gender identity and sexual orientation have strong biological components  The Limits of Natural Selection  Works across generations to help species survive  Slow  Learning: Evolved Modifiability  Learning – change in behavior due to experience  Learning Means Change  Learning does not always involve acquiring something Learning and Behavior Notes  Learning involves some sort of change  What Changes is Behavior  Stimuli – events capable of affecting behavior  learning ability evolved because it had survival value  Nature via Nurture  Inextricably woven in a kind of Gordian knot  Learning is the product of heredity and experience  Whether cats kill rats is dependent of if they see their mother kill rats


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