HIST_102_Notes_Week_1.pdf History 102
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicolette Notetaker on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 102 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Mr. Richard E. Frankel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II in History at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
HIST 102- World Civilizations II The Enlightenment: Week 1 The Enlightenment Period Terms: Issac Newton, Sapere Aude Brief Background: The Enlightenment Period- signaled the start of “modern” era (when new innovations were found; before this period, Europeans th th did not find much variation until the 18 and 19 century - also when things such as “natural phenomenon” began to occur - the scientific revolution (the predictions, analysis, and experimentation, which lead to theories) & the Enlightment pd. correlated with one another (when breakthroughs were discovered by man) Notable Figure of the Scientific Revolution Issac Newton (an innovator who discovered physics and mathematics; his era of th th prominence was around the late 17 -18 century - he established things like the “laws of motion” and had major influence in the Scientific Revolution (where the world began to adapt to new changes be brought about) - before this time, most people thought the universe functioned due to the existence of God and now, the existence of God became much more passive around this time a. religion had much smaller impact during this period, “secular” b. individuals began to practice “Deism” (in this case, religion was not completely overlooked, but focused more on the institution of the church and supernatural effects c. Thomas Jefferson- modified parts of the Bible which he believed were not superstitious enough or situations that could not be explained by science (this was known as an “Enlightened rational approach”) What was the Enlightenment and some of its challenges? o Enlightenment- kthwn as an “intellectual period, which occurred during the 18 century, and its intent was to “ apply reason” to the society we inhabit o This was also a period where humans can adapt to certain conditions of what rules or principles should govern our world; a sign of improvement. -Example: History significant progress for Enlightenment scholars - led to a number of general norms to explain rational thinking, (specifically pertaining to things like equality with phrase “All people are created equal” individuals are capable of thinking rationally - In the process of this era, many people were believed to be unable to think logically now, the main task was to remove those limits in order for more people to think in a rationalized manner (similar to task of “freeing” others) o Key Figure of the Enlightenment period – Immanuel Kant, an East German who wrote the essay, “What is Enlightenment?” (about the liberation of an individual from their “self-imposed” tutelage [being informed about yourself from someone else, accepting what’s being expressed] o Suggested motto Sapere Aude means “dare to know”; beginning to question things and when you should question the world around you - (Ex: slavery realize its awareness, and you either question and evaluate it) - This movement began as a small movement which eventually increased, and many of its members developed their status in society; at the time, most peasants could not join and it was mainly composed of merchants (who were middle-class) - Newspapers carefully were “narrowly focused” on and read by the majority of merchants; was composed not only of everyday info but also concepts, proposals, and some forms of literature - The coffee house an area people could meet to discuss ideas with others; coffee was a fairly new product to Europeans and it gave you an ample amount of energy - Homes of well-known individuals known as “salons” area in home and some were known as “hot spots”; most of these people usually lived in cities (which made traveling and commuting much easier) a. began to see mostly woman who participated in hosting the salons b. Ex. Henriette Herz – a Jewish woman who managed a prominent Berlin salon c. More women began to have a number of roles in other areas than the small roles they were usually accustomed to.
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