Anthropology week 2 notes
Anthropology week 2 notes 201g
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brenna Graham on Sunday August 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 201g at New Mexico State University taught by Dr. Kelly jenks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at New Mexico State University.
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Date Created: 08/28/16
Introduction to Anthropology: Week 2 August 23, 2016 Lecture 2 Reading notes that were due for this class are in last week notes which were free at https://studysoup.com/note/2301193/nmsu-201g-week-1-fall-2016 She went over the reading. “Culture: Beliefs, traditions, and ideas humans learn as a part of society.” Humans change their world through culture. She gave examples such as cities Cultural- stuff that is learned (language, beliefs, etc.) Not learned or biological- instinctual Nature vs. Nurture is a big question of Anthropology Biocultural- a mixture of both biological and cultural influences Ethnohistory- using oral or written history to study culture. Ethnography- written description of culture Sociolinguistics- relationship of language and culture Historical linguistics- how languages evolve and the influences behind it. Then she showed us this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vwhbWikqlkw Lecture 3 and Chapter 2 notes Lecture 3: Evolutionary Theory: Scientific method: lots of sitting waiting, failing. Hypothesis is worked to be disproved. It can never be proved or it's not a true scientific hypothesis. Gave a example with aliens observing our class room and Observation Induction (specific to general) Hypothesis Deduction (general to specific) Test Repeat Scientific theory: a collection of not disproved hypothesis. She showed a image similar to this: Many theories have been recanted or redone: Example, Gravity: fixed to include space and small objects etc. Evolutionary Theory: Medieval thought, Essentialist: all animals unrelated and no change Static: unchanging and made that way Hierarchical- certain animals are closer to god. Humans are closest and worms or plants are closest to hell or other types of religious good and bad. Once people found new animals and fossils: Law of Superposition- sediments accumulate over time so lower levels are older than the upper levels. Catastrophism- in 1769. all animals were killed off and replaced, animals never changed. Due to comparative anatomy. Uniformitarianism- changes in landscape is natural. God's made all things without mistakes. Lamarckian Evolution- animals from different ancestors which were placed differently on earth by god. They would evolve to be perfect but the same species. He thought they would adapt throughout their own life time. Example people wanting to be tall so they grow....ya he was disproved pretty quickly. He specifically talked about giraffe necks. Darwin His dad made him go to medical school, he failed and went to seminary. He then decided to do biological sciences, He went to the Galapagos on the HMS beagle. He observed the similarity between finches and found their beaks shape compared to function. Lots of people bred pigeons and did artificial trait selection which helped this. He Determined- all animals have a common ancestor. All species evolve. Natural Selection- variation are selected for or against. Those most suited for the environment (the fittest) make the most babies. Competition between and in species. Can create new species. Some other dude: he came to same conclusions, sent his stuff to Darwin who published his stuff that he'd been sitting on. Darwin published the origin of species which was very popular. He believed in blended traits. But we all look different now. Adaptation: useful feature of an organism shaped by natural selection Exaptation: adaptation of a feature for one purpose, then use of the feature for a different purpose in a different environment Mendelian genetics-traits don’t blend. Some traits are dominant and some are recessive. Traits are inherited independently. PTC tasting traits: generally dominant with possible not complete dominance. She had us taste test for PTC. She had us turn in the answer. Notes on Chapter 2 of Anthropology …..Just reference above.... unless you need names and dates and images. Pages 43-55 are for next week and cover modern genetics.
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