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Sociology 131 Week 1 Notes

by: Clayton Baugh

Sociology 131 Week 1 Notes SOC 131

Marketplace > Eastern Kentucky University > Social Science > SOC 131 > Sociology 131 Week 1 Notes
Clayton Baugh

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About this Document

Just basic notes for the first chapter of the book and from the power point the professor gave us
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Elizabeth Underwood
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology, ThomasTheorem
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clayton Baugh on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 131 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Dr. Elizabeth Underwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Social Science at Eastern Kentucky University.


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Date Created: 08/29/16
What is Sociology? Social Status  A position or location that a person can occupy within a society or a smaller social group. Sociology  Scientific study of interactions and relations among human beings.  Began in the 1880s and 1890s as an academic discipline.   Emile Durkheim began teaching sociology in France during these times.  The Thomas Theorem  States that “if people define the situation as real, they are real in their consequences.   It means that the outcome of a situation depends upon an individual’s perception of it,  and not on the situation itself.  Ascribed Status   Social status assigned at birth Achieved Status   Social position “earned through one’s own efforts Origins of Sociology  Auguste Comte  Coined the term “sociology” (1832) Law of the Three Stages 1. Theological Stage 2. Metaphysical Stage 3. Positive (scientific) Stage Emile Durkheim  What hold society together? Pre­Modern World  Similarity ( Mechanical Solidarity)  Collective Consciousness ( Mechanical Solidarity) Modern World  Differences ( no or little collective consciousness) ( Organic Solidarity)   Specialization ( dependence) ( Organic Solidarity)  Ferdinand Tonnies  Relationships Pre­Modern Society   Gemeinschaft – personal intimate community Modern Society  Gesellschaft  ­ Impersonal ( Urban life) Max Weber  The Growth of Rational behavior  Rational: calculating, planning, thinking Karl Marx  Proletariat and Bourgeoisie  Herbert Spencer   Social Darwinism  Survival of the fittest  American Sociology  Started later  Applied sociology Jane Addams (Hull House) – Poverty  W. E. B. Dubois – Race The Sociological Perspective  The Sociological Imaginational ( C. Wright Mills) Sociological Imagination   The vivid awareness of the relationships between personal experiences and the wider  society.   Social outcomes are based on what we do   


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