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ANTH 100 - Week 1 Notes

by: Courtney N.

ANTH 100 - Week 1 Notes ANTH 100 - 001

Courtney N.
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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Thomas Brasdefer ANTH 100 notes, week 1
Intro to Anthropology
Thomas P. Brasdefer
Class Notes
Anthropology, anth100




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney N. on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 100 - 001 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Thomas P. Brasdefer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views.

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Date Created: 08/29/16
Week 1 – 8/22 & 8/24  What is Anthropology  Four Cs of Anthropology o Complexity o Comparison o Cross Discipline o Conservation  Four Fields of Anthropo-logy o Study of Anthropos (“Mankind”)  Biological (physical)  Archaeology (material culture)  Cultural (or socio cultural)  Linguistics  Example Anthropologist (Professor) o Undergrad:  History Major  Political Science Minor + Teaching Certificate o Grad School (MA):  Anthropology Major  Education Major o Grad School (PhD):  Geography Major (Anthropology Concentration)  Linguistics Major o Research Area:  Native Americans  How people view North American Native Americans today vs what they really are  Another anthropologist: Dr. Kles o Autopsy Technician o Medicolegal Death Investigator  Board Certified o Florida Emergency Mortuary – Operations Response System o Archaeologist  Cultural Resources Management  National Park Service o Toxicology Expert o Forensic Reconstruction  Anthropology is the study of Anthropos  Brute = Brutus of Troy  According to Nennius (ca. 828) o son of Ascanius o grandson of Aeneas o Expelled from Italy after killing his father  According to Geoffrey of Monmouth (ca. 1136) o Founder of Turones (now Tours, France) o Deafeated a band of giants on an island, which became known as Brittanius  “The Science of History” o Marvin Harris. 1968. The rise of anthropological theory: a history of theories of culture. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press o In the early years (such as Harvey’s 1592 account) scientists would look at history, finding salient points and patterns to understand how we got to the point where we are today.  Ethnology o “The science of nations and peoples, or, that study of learned men in which they inquire into the origins, languages, customs, and institutions of various nations, and finally into the fatherland and ancient seats, in order to be able to better judge the nations and peoples in their own times.” –Kollar, 1783 o Precipitated by the crossing of the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the exploration of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia  Scientific Revolution o Using experimentation rather than assumptions o New discoveries mark beginnings of Modern Science  Mathematics  Physics  Astronomy  Biology  Chemistry  Philosophy  Age of Enlightenment o 18 century philosophical revolution in Europe o Used education and reason as the basis for decision-making  Liberty  Progress  Tolerance  Fraternity  Constitutionalism  Laicity (“Separation of Church and State”)  Meanwhile, across the atlantic o American Revolution  Lack of representation in Parliament  Opposing despotic Monarchy o Creation of the American Republic  Republicanism  Liberalism o Reform of the American School System  Teaching primarily science (instead of religion) o Beginnings of American Arts  Early Anthropology: Lewis Henry Morgan o Attended one of the first Liberal Arts colleges in the U.S.  The League of the Ho-de-no-sau-nee or Iroquois (1851)  The Laws of Descent of the Iroquois (1856)  The American Beaver and His Work (1868)  Stone and Bone Implements of the Arickarees (1868) o Things he’s said:  “[The class system] as the most primitive form of society hitherto discovered, and more especially with the contingent probability that the remote progenitors of our own Aryan family were once similarly organized, becomes important, and may prove instructive. The Australians rank below the Polynesians, and far below the American aborigines. They stand below the African negro and near the bottom of the scale. Their social institutions, therefore, must approach the primitive type as nearly as those of any existing people.” – Morgan 1877  Modern Anthropology: Franz Boas o Born in Germany, studied Physics and Geography o Traveled to Northern Canada to study the Inuit  The Measurement of Differences Between Variable Quantities (1906)  Mythology and folk-tales of the North American Indians (1914)  The Eruption of Deciduous Teeth Among Hebrew Infants (1927)  Race, Language, and Culture (1940) o “primitive art”  Complexity o Multiple moving parts  Individuals  Experiences  Populations  Cultures o Emergent Behavior  No central control  No way to predict group behavior based on individual behaviors  Comparison o Basic tool of analysis  What are the differences/similarities of A and B? o Requires logic (of any kind) o Must design a strategy o Several possible objectives  Cross Discipline o Because we focus on human life, anthropology draws from many different disciplines  Biology  Physics  Zoology  Psychology  History  Geography  Conservation o We are recording events, stories, experiences, for later generations  thus increasing complexity, comparisons, cross-disciplinary) o Cultures are disappearing o Times are changing o Technologies popping up


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