Psyc 1100 Week 1 Notes
Psyc 1100 Week 1 Notes Psyc 1100
Popular in Intro to Biological Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by brooklyn.walls on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 1100 at Georgia State University taught by Ken Sayers in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Intro to Biological Psychology in Psychology at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 08/29/16
What is Biological Psychology? Combines biology (study of life) with psychology (study of the mind) The study of the physiological, evolutionary, & developmental mechanisms of behavior & experience A natural science The Scientific Method: Generate hypothesis--> test hypothesis--> if hypothesis is supported, test again; if rejected, generate new hypothesis Hypothesis: an educated guess Levels of Analysis: Social--> organ--> neural systems--> brain region--> circuit--> cellular--> synaptic--> molecular (cycle) Reductionism: Reductionism: reducing phenomena to component parts o Pros: allows description of underlying mechanism o Cons: can lose track of "big picture" Necessary for scientific progress o At time of theory of evolution by natural selection, no known mechanism for inheritance (genetics provided answer) Four Q's in Behavioral Research (Niko Tinbergen) Physiological: how are motor activities activated? o Chemistry of the body & its influence on behavior Ontogenetic: how does an animals' behavior change throughout its life? o Development Function: how does a behavior promote survival and reproduction? o Adaptation Phylogeny: how does an animal's behavior compare with other species? o Origins of behavior Physiological & ontogenetic--> proximate mechanisms o What's going on in the here and now Function & phylogeny--> ultimate (evolutionary) mechanisms o Why a behavior is seen in context of geological time Phylogeny question is studied with the comparative method o Ex. Why do so many biologists/psychologists use rats in studies? Because rats are mammals like humans, and will share a number of features with humans
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