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ANTH-1240-002 - Intro Cultural Anthropology Notes

by: Calhoun

ANTH-1240-002 - Intro Cultural Anthropology Notes ANTH 108

Marketplace > East Tennessee State University > ANTH 108 > ANTH 1240 002 Intro Cultural Anthropology Notes
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These notes cover what was said and discussed in class on 8/23 and 8/25. These notes are also typed and easy to follow.
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Dr. King
Class Notes
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Calhoun on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 108 at East Tennessee State University taught by Dr. King in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views.


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Date Created: 08/29/16
ANTH 1240 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Section 1240-002 T/TH Dr.King 8/23 8/25 Taxonomy- “words to use classify ourselves” Petroglyph – “carved into rock” Pictograph – “Painted onto the rock” Subfields of Anthropology 1. Cultural Anthropology o “The description and comparison of the adaptations made by the human groups to the diverse ecosystems of the earth” 2. Ethnography o “The comparative study of cultures, presents analytical generations about human culture.” 3. Archaeology o “Is the systematic study of the remains of previous cultures as a means of reconstructing Lifeways of people in the past. “ 4. Prehistoric Archaeology o “It is the systematic study of the remains of the cultures that existed before the time of written record. Prehistoric archaeologist analyze the artifacts, Features(none portable evidence of the technology such as roadways building foundations and fire hearths) and Ecofacts (natural materials such as plant or animal remains; fossils, pollen and soils) that are found in archaeology Sites(locations where evidence of human activity is found)” 5. Historical Anthropology o “Is the study of the remains of cultures and subcultures that have written records but about which little if anything is recorded.” 6. Behavioral Archaeology o “The relationships between contemporary peoples’ materials, culture and their behavior.” 7. Linguistics o “The study of language, how language is formed and how it works, the history and development of language and its relationship to other aspects of culture.” 8. Historical Linguistics o “Works to reconstruct the history of languages, including their development and relationship to other languages.” 9. Ethnolinguistic o “It is a specialized field that analyzes the relationship between language and culture.” Anthropology (Greek Term) - Anthropos + Logos - Logos - the study of humans o Travel change opened people’s eyes to different cultures. - Ethnocentric- the believe that your culture is superior. 5 Sub-disciplines of Anthropology 1. Culture 2. Linguistics 3. Archaeology 4. Physical/biological 5. Applied – applying different components from original 4 1.4 are the traditional studies. 1. Culture: tries understand different cultures by examining similarities and differences. a. Etic i. Tries to understand culture through Petri dish. Outsider view b. Emic i. Looking at culture from their perspective, asking those residing within the culture about their cultures. 1. Cultural relativity “why is this relative?” 2. Linguistics - Focuses on the study of human speech and language in historical, structural, and social context. a. Ethnolinguistic : Looks at the relationship of the culture and language i. Focuses on vocabulary- something vital to the culture. 1. Inuit/Eskomo have different words just for Ice. For us, we have many words for money. Exp. Fun sticks, cash, cabbage, script, frog skins, green backs. b. Socio Linguistics -study of word change according to the social situation. Code switching. i. “Wheres my money for my books” to “Wheres my beans for my books” 3. Archaeology a. Attempts through excavation to reconstruct cultures of the past through material remains/artifacts (anything made or manipulated by humans0 i. Prehistoric anthropologist: before European contact ii. Historic: After European contact. 4. Physical/biological a. Physical deal with humans and biological organisms and studies the human condition from a biological perspective. b. Osteology – “Absolute need”- Study of human Bones. c. Zooarchaeology – study of animal bones. d. Primatology -study of primates. i. Social organization mirrors our own. ii. Separation by gender and age e. Human Variation -Skin pigment, eyes, body type i. Hypoxia, not enough oxygen in the brain. Inhabitants of Tibet have the largest chest cavity/ rib cage than anyone in the class. This helps compensate the lack of oxygen by giving them more lung and chest space to house more air. Thus solving the hypoxia problem. 5. Applied a. C.R.M – Cultural Resource Management – anything done to land needs to be surveyed for artifacts. i. N.A.G.P.R.A -Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act. b. All used in Forensics.


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