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Chapter 5 Book Pages Notes 101-119

by: rayparkerjr

Chapter 5 Book Pages Notes 101-119 SOC 2110

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About this Document

These notes cover material that's in our books from pages 101-119.
Introduction to Sociology
Richard Caston
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by rayparkerjr on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2110 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Richard Caston in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology 101 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.

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Date Created: 08/29/16
Chapter 5 Pages 101- 120 Social Interaction  Social interaction there are three elements to understand social interaction 1. Physical setting 2. Social environment 3. Activities surrounding social interaction  *Most Americans use four main distance zones. Asia people don’t believe in person space. * Interesting Topic... 1. Intimate-direct physical contact with someone to 6 to 18inches 2. Personal- people use in conversation 2 to 4 feet 3. Social-business transactions or interactions with a clerk or salesperson 4 and 12 feet 4. Public-used by teachers in a classroom or speakers at public gatherings 12-25 feet Understanding social interaction  Social action is a term used to refer to anything people are conscious of doing because of other people. o Weber first sociologist to stress importance, created term verstehen which mean “sympathetic understanding”  Social interaction involves two or more people taking one another into account. o Central concept to understand the nature of social life  Context- (1)(2)(3)—preceding it, happening simultaneously with it, and coming after it. o Interesting Topic*Ex) The view German and American has on doors. Such as Japan Views. Pg 10  Norms- specific rules of behavior, agreed upon and shared that prescribe limits of acceptable behavior.  Ethnomethodology- study of set of rules or guidelines that individuals use to initiate behavior, respond to behavior, and modify behavior is social interactions. o Basic understandings of people, unwritten rules for social behavior.  Dramaturgy- creates an impression, people play roles, and their performance is judged by others who are alert to any slips that might reveal actor true character. o Can you spot a liar? 70 percent liars tend to look away. Less, than 5%of us can spot one. Types of Social Interaction  Nonverbal behaviors- study of body movements—kinesics. o Head nods, yawns, postural shifts, eye contact etc.  *Arabs believing eyes are key to a person being and that looking deeply to another’s eyes allows ones to see another’s souls*  Exchange interaction- when people do something with the express purpose of receiving an reward or return. o Basic form of social interaction  Cooperation- when people act together to promote a common interests or achieve shared goals o Basketball team passing the ball to one another  Conflict- arises when people or grps have incompatible values or when rewards or resources avaible to a society or its member and its limited.  Competition- a form of conflict in which individuals or grps confine their conflict within agreed upon rules. o Common form. Why people get a divorce! Elements of Social Interaction  Statuses- are socially defined positons. o Ex) teacher  Master status- one a status of someone in particular tends to dominate other statuses. o Ex) Obama master statues is he’s the president of the US even though he’s a father, politician and so on...  Ascribed status- status giving to us by birth not controlled by our own actions or decisions, ppl get them regardless of intentions  Achieved status- acquired result of a person’s actions. o Ex) students, wife, mother, professor  Roles- are the culturally defined rules for proper behavior that are associated with every status  Role sets- role attached to a single status.  Role strain- when a single role has conflicting demands attached to it, individual who play that role experience this o Captain of freighter expected to be sure ships safe in safe conditions but also has to make sure the ship gets to where it needs to be on the expected due date.  Role conflict- an individual who is occupying more than one status at a time is unable to enact the role of one status without violating another status.  Role playing can have an influence on both our attitudes and our behavior.  Collective behavior- refers to spontaneous social actions that occur when people respond to unstructured and ambiguous situations. o Riots, panics etc.  Fads and Fashions o Change relatively quickly o Transitory social changes o Fads- social changes with a very short life span marked by rapid spread and an abrupt drop in popularity.  Ex) funny/interesting topic. During the great depression of 1930s people had hard time putting food on the table and a fad of swallowing whole goldfish started to emerge. o Fashions- relate to standards of dress or manners in a given society at a certain time.  Spread more slowly but last longer than fad  Adopted by upper class believed by Simmel George  Rumors- information that is shared informally and spreads quickly thru a mass or crowd.  Public opinion- refers to beliefs held by a dispersed collectivity of individuals’ abt a common problem, interest, focus or activity.  Public refers to a dispersed collectivity of individuals concerned w/ or engaged in common problem, interest, focus or activity. o Propaganda- advertisements of political natural seeking to mobilize public support behind one specific party candidate or point of view. o Opinion leaders- socially acknowledged experts whom the public turns for advice.  Oprah Winfrey on African American community  Mass Hysteria and Panic o Nigeria Penis snatchers suspects were killed and beaten by angry mobs. They always arrested some because they accused them of using black magic to steal or shrink men penises. Interesting Topic* o Mass hysteria- is when large numbers of ppl are overwhelmed w/emotion and frenzied activity or become convinced that they have experience something for which investigators cannot find no evidence —Least understood. o Panic- uncoordinated grp flight frm perceived danger. o


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