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Class Notes 8/22-8/29

by: Mallory Notetaker

Class Notes 8/22-8/29 10603

Marketplace > Texas Christian University > History > 10603 > Class Notes 8 22 8 29
Mallory Notetaker
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The teacher provides no slides or visuals so these are the notes from his lectures from the first week. It includes all important dates and key terms are bolded.
US history to 1877
Steven E. Woodworth
Class Notes
history, us, american




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mallory Notetaker on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10603 at Texas Christian University taught by Steven E. Woodworth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see US history to 1877 in History at Texas Christian University.

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Date Created: 08/29/16
HIST 10603 U.S. History to 1877 Notes  8/22/16 1607 ­ First English colony Jamestown  ­the Spaniards were already colonizing in the 1400’s  ­the English were late to colonize  3 important things about English colonization happening so late  1. Democratic institutions had evolved at this point in England  ­institutions of self government did not devolve in Europe countries  ­so by the time they colonized, there was an expectation that there will be a self  government 2. Commercial Capitalism had developed ­Private businesses were founding these colonizations  ­Joint­stock company: a modern cooperation  ­raised capital by buying stock 3. Protestant Reformation  ­used to be that religions were more hierarchical  ­protestant changed the game by saying that everyone should read the bible,  even the peasants and women  ­protestantism was more congenial to self government  8/24 The non permanent colony before the permanent colony in 1607 ­Raleigh was who went to settle this colony  ­The Queen said he could not go alone ­He named the settlement Virginia  Roanoke island: an island on the coast of north carolina ­this is where Raleigh settled  ­relations with the indians were okay at this point 3 years an English ship comes back to check on the settlement  ­they find that there are no people  ­the lost colony  The Virginia Company of London  1607­ the permanent first colony  ­named the river by the colony “The James river”  ­Settled in the horse shoe of the River ­Jamestown  ­they didn’t want to be like the Spaniards and take gold from the indians  ­some indians were practicing canibalism  ­so the settlers though they would rescue the indians to be eaten and thought they would be grateful to them John Smith was the first governor ­people who came to America didn’t want to work, they wanted to get rich easy and go  back to England ­another thing that made people not want to work… corporate socialism: the company gave you your share of food whether you worked or  not ­also there was sickness among the colony, only an 18 month expectancy after they got  off the boat ­this was because of the low river bottom, and it was invested with mosquitos carrying  malaria  ­the sewage was getting into their water supply  ­more settlers kept get shipped over but not enough food with them ­women were in jamestown as early as 1610  ­someone killed and ate his wife because of starvation  ­horrible first decade of Jamestown Jamestown turns it around ­John Rolfe married Pocahontas  ­So then the indians stopped fighting with the settlers  ­Pocahontas died in england when she went on a tour ­to get a cash crop, they stole the strain of tobacco from the french (they got the tobacco from the indians in the Caribbean) and grew it in Virginia ­1619 Virgina Company were getting condemned criminals to go to America ­also they established a house of Burgesses: a citizen’s assemble ­the first legislature in the new world  8/26/16  House of burgesses  believed that if they offered some self governance they would recruit more people (1619) In 1619 Virginia company changed the way that you make money in Virginia ­still get stocks and profits ­but you can own your own property and make profits that are yours ­began turning profit, people began making money  ­death rate still high, but overtime life expectancy changed, raised to the point  that mid 1600’s were as good in the new colony as they were in  England ­Began growing tobacco, this would lead to exhaustion of the soil within a few  years but this wasn’t a problem due to so much land being  available ­1619 ­ sold part of cargo to indians but brought half of it to Jamestown (slaves) ­rich men couldn’t get other in Jamestown to work for them because they  could make money cultivating gate land on their own Indentured servants: used from the start in Virginia, servant who has a  signed contract obligating him to work for someone for a  specified  amount of time (7 years), pay your way, food,  shelter and other  necessities ­Risks with moving to America—>short life expectancy in America ­Female slave has child —> property of the owner ­indentured has child —> child is free ­African slaves existed throughout human history, began as capturing in a war ­At first, new colony did not want to hold slaves for life, yet that changed  very quickly Portuguese set up post in Africa ­They began to sell slaves that they bought from the coast of Africa made up of captured slaves from interior Africa ­Slave traders—dutch slave trip owner brings partial ship of slaves to Jamestown  ­The downside, as life expectancy increased, people began buying slaves for life and  their children as well.  Exact time unknown, by 1650’s it was very  widespread, it  became legalized. England became protestant  King Henry XIII had many wives, unaccepted by an religion  ­He had Britain switched to protestant from catholic, wanted himself to be at the  head of the church rather than the pope, liked the hierarchy of  religious  groups ­King over law or law over king, Henry wanted king over law, the people didn’t  agree ­When Elizabeth dies, more than half of the people were dissatisfied with the  church of England 1. 60% catholic, 40% protestant, wanted 100% protestant 2. puritans wanted to purify the church of England 3. Separatists say it is no use because the church of england cannot be  purified, must separate from the church ­Persecuted by King James, many of the leaders were sent to  prison and died ­In 1609, a few 1000 fled to Leyden, Holland where they were  more tolerant of the group’s beliefs ­Only skill was farming, worked any job they could to survive ­Became concerned that children would group up Dutch and  without the entire teachings of their parents ­Separatists wanted to migrate to Virginia, Set up a settlement  under the Virginia company in what is now New  Jersey  8/29/16 When the separatists began to move to the new colony  Mayflower  ­this was the name of their one ship ­their departure was delayed so they left in the fall which is bad because the sea was  more stormy ­They were on short food rations the whole time ­They arrive November 1620 in Cape Cod (did not land in New Jersey) ­there will be no legal authority if they settle there ­they named their new colony Plymouth Plymouth ­a joint stock company colony, eventually when they get their charter  ­November was a hard time to survive Mayflower compact  ­an agreement “when we get to shore, we are going to be a self governing community” ­but when they got there, lots of people died from disease and hunger  ­they probably would have died that first winter if they didn’t find a secret stock of indian  food Indians ­These settlers actually paid back the food to the indians  ­also tried to pay any previous land owner indians for the land they used ­and they eventually made friendly contact with them ­this was important because their original purpose for coming to America was to share  the gospel with the indians (separatists) ­The separatists were the first to transcribe the Algonguian language of the Indians and  they translated the bible into this language to teach New England ­Had a war with the indians Plymouth Colony ­thanksgiving is based off them  ­it was the celebration of their first anniversary of landing there  ­people were surviving 20 years longer than in England  ­came to an end in 1691 when it merged with the Massachusetts colony next to it Massachusetts Bay  ­Puritans ­ landed in 1630 ­Boston became the capital  ­Puritans continue to come throughout the 1630’s (tens of thousands) ­John Winthrop preached a sermon that expressed what the puritans were doing going  over to America ­“A model of Christian Charity” (the sermon)  ­We in the Massachusetts colony, we will be a model to the rest of the  world and how christians should act in a colony with christian love. ­“We must consider that we will be a city on a hill with the eyes of the  whole world will be upon us” Rhode Island ­ a neighboring colony to Massachusetts ­ mid 1630’s ­Founder: Roger Williams ­started because of a disagreement with the leaders of Massachusetts ­First in the world to declare religious toleration   Connecticut ­ another neighboring colony to Massachusetts  ­Founder: Thomas Hooker ­the reason it was founded was because of another disagreement, they thought we  would eventually get an evil governor and they wanted more limits on the  power  of government ­drew up the first written constitution… ­the fundamental quarters of Connecticut : to protect the people’s freedom by limited  the power of government New Hampshire ­ Puritan Frontier  ­Founded: by puritans overflowing puritans in Massachusetts  ­25 years after Rhode Island and Connecticut  ­only one that was not a joint stock company colony  ­it was a Propriety Colony: the king chose his favorites to run colonies  1629 Charles got tired of squabbling with parliament  ­he figured out that if he used the extra little money he had through taxes that excluded  parliament, he could run the country without parliament  ­“The long Tyranny”: when Charles ran it on his own 


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