Week One Book & In Class Notes
Week One Book & In Class Notes Comm 101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Choma on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 101 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Aaron Duncan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see Communications in the 21st Century in Communication at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 08/29/16
Communication in the 21 Century COMM 101 Week One in Class & Book Notes Pages 1-26 Reading Assignment for 8/24 Chapter One: Introduction to Human Communication Communication allows you to improve your life in many ways The Study of Communication is Essential o Studying communication can improve the way you see yourself o Can improve the way others see you o Can increase what you know about human relationships o Studying communication can teach you important life skills o Can help you exercise your constitutionally guaranteed freedom of speech o Can help you succeed professionally o Can help you navigate an increasingly diverse world Communication: The Process of Using Messages to Generate meaning o Communication is a process because it is an activity, an exchange, or a set of behaviors that occurs over time o Messages include verbal & nonverbal symbols, signs, and behaviors o Meaning is the understanding of the message Components of Communication o People Source: a message initiator Receiver: a message target People are the sources & the receivers of messages simultaneously & continually o The Message The verbal/nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person (the source) wishes to communication to another person/group of people (the receivers) includes the symbols (words & phrases) you use to communicate your ideas, facial expressions, etc. o The Channel The means by which a message moves from the source to the receiver of the message In person-to-person communication you send your messages through a channel of sound waves & light waves o Feedback The receiver’s verbal & nonverbal response to the source’s message o Code A systematic arrangement of symbols used to create meaning sin the mind of another person or persons Verbal codes: symbols & their grammatical arrangement, such as languages Nonverbal codes: all symbols that are not words, including bodily movements, the use of space and time, clothing and adornments, and sound others than words o Encoding & Decoding Encoding: the process of translating an idea or a thought into a code Decoding: the process of assigning meaning to the idea or thought in a code o Noise Any interference in the encoding & decoding process that reduces message clarity Communication Principles o Communication Begins with the Self o Communication Involves Others Dialogue: the act of taking part in a conversation, discussion, or negotiation Communication Has both a content & a relational dimension Is complicated Quantity does not increase communication quality Is inevitable Cannot be reversed Cannot be repeated What are communication contexts? o Context: a set of circumstances or a situation o Intrapersonal Communication The process of using messages to generate meaning within the self o Interpersonal Communication The process of using messages to generate meaning between at least two people in a situation that allows mutual opportunities for both speaking & listening Dyadic communication: two-person communication Small-group communication: the process of using messages to generate meaning in a small group of people o Public Communication The process of using messages to generate meaning; in a situation in which a single source transmits a message to a number of receivers Media convergence: the way that broadcasting, publishing, and digital communication are congregating o Computer-Mediated Communication Technological convergence: the way that technological systems are changing to perform similar tasks What are the goals of communication study? o Understanding communication competence Communication competence: the ability to effectively exchange meaning through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior o Understanding ethical communication Ethics: a set of moral principles or values Ethical communication is critical for the development of relationships & communities 8/24 In Class Notes Why Study Communication? o Studying communication can improve the way you see yourself Our knowledge and perceptions of self are based on communication Communication helps us to develop self-awareness, self- concept, and self-efficacy o It can improve the way others see you Concepts such as self-presentation, identity management, and lows of control influence how others perceive us o Can increase what you know about human relationships o Can teach you important life skills Critical thinking, problem solving, etc. o Can help you exercise your constitutionally guaranteed rights to freedom of speech Communication helps you participate in a democratic society o Can help you succeed professionally Employers rank communication as #1 o Can help you navigate in an increasingly diverse world Defining Communication o The process of using messages to generate meaning Considered a process, not a product: an activity, an exchange, or set of behaviors o SMRC – not accurate, missing information Noise, decoding, coding, feedback, context, relationship environment o Understanding emerges from shared experience o Meaning occurs when we understand messages Components of Communication o Sender: person who initiates a message o Receiver: the person who receives the messages o Message: the verbal and/or non-verbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person wishes to communicate to another o Channel o Feedback Communication o Begins w/ self o Involves others o A content & relational dimension o Quantity does not increase quality o Is inevitable o Not be revised once it is sent o Spoken communication cannot be repeated b/c context cannot be recreated Communication competence: the ability of a person to effectively communicate or exchange meanings w/ other people
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