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ANSC 1000 Lab 1

by: Brianna Notetaker

ANSC 1000 Lab 1 ANSC 1000

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Brianna Notetaker

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These are the notes from lab 1 that cover the animal safety and the basic characteristics of each group of animals.
Introduction to Animal Sciences
Alese Grey Parks
Class Notes
animal, Science, animals
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Notetaker on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 1000 at Auburn University taught by Alese Grey Parks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 08/29/16
ANSC 1000Lab 1 Highlighted – DEFINITONS Safe Animal Handling Hazards  Unevenground  Weather/elements  Facility:Doors,gates,etc.  AnimalBehavior  Travelingto andfrom labs Proper Clothing  Closedtoedshoes(preferablyboots)  Jeans Not So Common Sense Rules  If youfind a gate closed,leaveit closed;If you finda gate open,leave it open.Youdon’twantto let the animalslooseorcut offtheir food/watersupply.  Alwayscheck the locationofthe livestockbefore openinganygate or door.  Pay closeattentiontotheinstructionsgivenbytheinstructor,TAs,and the universityfarmunitstaff.  Alwaysleaveyourselfa way outwhen workingwith theanimals. Livestock Behavior  Theyare herdanimals.Theylike to be togetherandwill panicifthey get separatedfromthe herd.  Theyare preyanimals.Theyautomaticallyseeus as predators.  Theyhearandsee a lotdifferentlythanwe do.Loud noisesorquick movementscan startlethe animal.  Theyhavea fightor flight instinct.Iftheyhavean opportunitytorun away,theywill.But iftheyfeel cornered or threatened,theywilluse some sortof force to get outofthe situationthatismakingthemfeel threatened.  Flight zone– An animal’spersonalbubble;Variesdependingonthe size ofthe animalandhowcomfortabletheyare with people. The naturalinstinctofanimalsisto moveawayfrom humans.Breakingan animal’sflightzoneso thattheywillbe comfortablebeingaround humanshasto be doneverycalmlyandquietly.  Pointofbalance– Usuallyaroundtheshoulderarea;affects the movementofthe animal General Animal HandlingVideo  Yourpresence affects the animalandthepersonwho is exhibiting. Approachtheanimalina mannerso thatyou donot frightenthem. Smallchildrencan often posea problemaroundlivestock.They tendto havequickandjerky movementsthatcan alarmthe animal. 2  Most animalsarenotproneto kick unlesstheyare startled or agitated.It is importanttoremaincalm andnotto frightenthe animalyouare workingwith. To avoidinjury,youshouldalways walkvery close toor very far awayfrom the rear in case the animal decidesto kick. Walkingcloselywithreduce the power ofthe kick. Walkingfar enoughawaywill resultin theanimalnotbeingableto reach you.  Anotherareato be cautiousofis theirhead.It is ananimal’snatural instincttojump upor run forwardiftheyare scared. If youare ever holdingonto a leadropeor anysort ofrestraintandyouloseyour balance,letgo. CattleVideo  Cattleare responsiblefor61%of injuriesthatoccuron a farm.  80% ofcattle handlinginjuriesinvolveextremitiessuchaslegs,arms, hands,andfingers.  50% ofinjuriesthatoccur in cattlehandlingarea resultofhuman error. 3 Key Elements to Moving Cattle 1. Gatherandmovecattle quietly;ifcattleget excitedor scared,it could take 20-30 minutesfor theirheartrate to slowandfor them tocalm down. 2. Movethem insmall groups;always givethe animalsplentyofspace to turnaroundincrowd pins. 3. Understandtheirbehavior;understandandrecognizetheirflightzone.  TempleGrandinisan animalbehaviorspecialistwhoisautistic. She discoveredthatshe couldrelatevery closelywith animals.  If ananimalpanicsandrears up,backawayfrom them.  Cattleare herdanimals.Theywant to staywith the herdandwill begin to get agitatedor upsetiftheyare separatedfortoo long.  Some cattle are verybadkickers. The cattlethatseem tobe the worst kickers are theones thathavebeen worked withdogs.Thisis due to 3 the dogbitingor nippingattheirheels.One ofthebest ways to avoid kickingproblemsis toavoidusingdogs.  Cattlehavea pointofbalanceat theshoulder. Thishelpstoinfluence which directiontheywill movewhen youare workingwith them. If you walkbehindthepointofbalance,the animalwillmoveforward.If you are infront ofthe pointofbalance,the animalwillmove backwards.  Some farmers will twista cow’s tailin orderto get themto move forward.A mistakethatpeoplemake is tokeep twistingthetailafter the animalhasmoved.Youwant to reward theanimalfor performing the desiredmovementbylettinggo or not continuingtotwistthe tail. Sheep Video  Sheep are very gregarious,or theylike to be together.Thiscan be an advantagewhenattemptingtocatch them. You can pushthemintoa corner andwork themtogether.Thisis alsousefulwhen movingthem from one penor pastureto another.  Sheep are veryeasilystartedwhich makes them more likelyto jumpor buttyou.  Theyare very sure-footed,meaningtheyhandledifferentflooringvery well.  Ropehaltersare usedfor trainingthesheepas well andleadingthem. Swine Video  Pigs havea very strongnose andjaw thatcan be used toknock you over.  Theyhavea lowcenter ofgravity.  Pigs are knownto fight with oneanother.Theyestablishdominance andcan be aggressivetowardsother pigswhen tryingto maintainthat dominance.Theycan alsofight overfood.It is never a goodideato breakupa pigfight.  Pigs havea very good senseofsmell.However, theydo notsee very well.Theyalsohavea verygood memory. 4  Whipsor pipesare usedas steeringdeviceson pigs.Theyare never usedas weaponson theanimals,onlyas a guide.Anotherpiece of guidingequipmentusedonpigs is a sortingboard.Thishelpstoblock the pig’s viewandguidesthem in a certaindirection.Thisis a very usefultoolwhen loadingthepigs ontoa traileror a scale. HorseVideo 1  Horses react to what theycan see, hear,feel,and smell.Theyrelyon allfour ofthe sensesto protectthemselves.  Horses havebinocularandmonocularvision.Binoculariswhen they use botheyes lookingdirectlyin frontofthem. Monocularvision allowsthe horseto see wide areasto the sidesofthemselves.They havetwo blindspotswheretheycannotsee which are locateddirectly in frontoftheirhead anddirectlybehindthem.Horses are color blind andsee in shadesofgrey. Thismeans thatshadows,darkspots, changingsurfaces,andblowingtrash can startlethem.  It is importanttoapproachhorsesatanangel so thattheycan see you.Horses havegood wide anglevisionbutdo nothavegooddepth perception.Thisisthe reasonthathorseswill raiseandlower their headsandpointtheirears inthe directiontheyare lookingto focus betteron objects.  Whenyou are on theside ofa horse,it will keep trackofwhere you are bypointingthecorrespondingearinyour direction.Talkingtoa horsewhen you stepout ofitssight is a good ideato helpthehorse knowwhere you are at alltimes.Anothergoodwayto let thehorse knowwhere you’re at is bytouchingit.Keep a handonthe horseas you movearoundittohelp itknowyou are stillaround.  Horses can feel vibrationsthroughthegroundandwillbe aware of somethingapproachingbeforeyou are. A Horse’s 4 PrimarySenses 1. Sight 2. Hearing 3. Touch 5 4. Smell  Horses can alsobe ticklishin certainareas suchas the stomachand the endoftheir mane.Thisis importanttoremember whengrooming them.  A horse’sflight zoneandlineof motionarevery similartothatofa cow. Theirlineof motionisthe pointyouhaveto cross in orderto get them tomove forwardor backwards.  If a horsefeels threated,ithas manydifferentdefense mechanismsat its disposal.Horseshavevery powerfuljaws andcan bite.It is wise to avoidtheirmouths.Theycan alsouse theirfrontlegs to administera kick to whateveris threateningit.The samegoes for theirhindlegs. Precautions 1. Stayoutof range ofthemouth 2. Don’t standdirectlyinfront or behindthehorse 3. If youhaveto be close tothe horse,remain closeto the body  Horses establishapeckingorder,a typeofdominance.Horses thatare on thebottomofthe peckingorderusuallyare submissiveandstay outofthe way ofthe otherhorses.  Horses havea goodmemory.This can be a goodor bad thingduring trainingdependingonthe experiencesgiven tothe horse.Ifit was a good experience,thehorse willremember thatandbe willingto take partin the trainingagaininthe future.If thehorse hasa bad experience,it willbe even harder todealwith nexttime. Factors ofBehavior  Breedingbackground;Whatthe foal’smother was like  Theirenvironment  Exposuretootherhorses  Experienceswithother people  Individualtraits 6


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