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PY 101, Week 1 Notes

by: Hannah Tomlinson

PY 101, Week 1 Notes Psychology 101

Hannah Tomlinson
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Intro to Psychology
Intro to Psychology
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Tomlinson on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Rachel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 08/29/16
8/19 Psychology History of Psychology  It is the study of: -the mind (mental activity) -the brain (mental activity resulting from biological processes) -behavior (observable actions) Where does it come from?  Philosophy (Nature/Nurture and mind/body debates)  1879: First psychology lab  First schools of thought -Structuralism: belief that conscious experience can be broken down into compounds -Functionalism: belief that the mind helps human adapt to environmental demands Approaches to psychology Biological approach: Focus on genetic, hormonal, and neurochemical explanations of behavior. -SSRI’s to treat depression to change chemical make up in brain Psychoanalysis: Innate drives of sex and aggression. Social upbringing during childhood. -Make the unconscious conscious. Cognitive Psychology: Innate mental structures such as schemas, perception and memory, and constantly changed by environment. -Like a computer processing information Humanism: Maslow emphasized basic physical needs society influences a person’s self concept. -Focuses on how an individual perceives and interprets Behaviorism: All behavior is learned from the environment through conditioning -Humans are like a machine Social approaches  Emphasizes the power of the situation and the way individuals are shaped via their interactions with others. Research Methodology What is scientific inquiry?  Psychologists study the what, when, and why of behavior and mental processes.  Scientific inquiry utilizes the scientific method -More objective than casual observations -Systematic: procedures follow orderly steps that are carefully planned -Free from bias  3 Essential Elements -Theory: interconnected ideas and concepts that explains what is observed snd makes predictions about the future -Hypothesis: specific prediction of what should be observed in the world if a theory is correct -Research: conduct, analyze  To evaluate research, you need to think critically.  Critical thinking -evaluate information -question claims -seek definitions  Noncritical thinking leads to incorrect solutions -ignoring evidence -misunderstanding or not using statistics -seeing relationships that do not exist -using relative comparisons -accepting after-the-class explanations -taking mental shortcuts -failing to see our own inadequacies(self-serving bias) -failing to accurately judge source credibility


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