Small Kingdoms with Big Ideas
Small Kingdoms with Big Ideas HY101
Popular in Western Civilization to 1648
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Heller on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY101 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Sean Lafferty in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization to 1648 in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 08/29/16
Small kings with Big Ideas Rise of Superpower Chronology of Events C. 5000 BC: irrigation/agriculture > small communities Communities > nomes ruled by nomarchs Names: “upper Egypt” and “lower Egypt” Need to control irrigation > political organization C. 3100 BC: unification under Menes / Narmer The Old Kingdom Old Kingdom, 2700-2200 BC Vitality + prosperity King = divine / absolute Economy = royal monopoly Hitharchy of power 4 dynasty climax (Khufu) Sons of Re Priests = ruling caste Sought to curb royal power Kings = “sons of re” > pharaoh Source of all power + wealth Pyramid scheme Religion Not monolithic but multiform Anthropomorphic / hierarchical Concept of an afterlife / ka Royal prerogative Language of Power Independent of Sumerian Cuneiform Hieroglyphic “Sacred writing” Hieratic (priestly); demotic (popular) Continued until 4 c. AD From Old to New – Middle Kingdom Middle Kingdom, 2050-1800 BC Nomarchs rule from Thebes Royal power declines th 12 dynasty capital >> Memphis Preeminence of Amon Amon > Amon-Re New Kingdom, 1570-1085 BC 1700 BC: Hyksos Invade resurgence of Egypt capital >> thebes expansion of empire rise of the priests of Amon threat to royal power Moved Capital Amenhotep IV, 1367-1350 BC Breaks away from priest of Amon Establishes new capital at El Amarna Worships Aton (Sun Disk) Akhenaton (“It pleases Aton” Religious Revolution Aton = Universal (not just Egyptian) >> Religious intolerance monotheistic? Spiritual awakening or political poly? Chaos ensues Newly-acquired territories lost Economy declined Return to Normalcy Tutankhamun, 1346-1339 BC Damnatio memoriae From Bronze to Iron C. 1400: Egyptians confront Hittites From Anatolia (Asia Minor) First recorded indo-European speakers Competing commercial interests 1274 BC: Battle of Kadesh (N. Syria) both exhausted, never recover 1206-1150 BC: “Bronze Age Collapse” “Sea Peoples” Destruction/ dislocation “Dark Ages” Power Vacuum A Pheonix from the Ashes Phoenicians Canaanites (Semitic) Organized city-states Byblos, Sidon, Tyre 900 BC: Commercial Empire Spread Mesop. Culture Phonetic alphabet Hebrews From Humble Beginnings Pastoralists from Sumer region Abraham (c. 2000-1550) leads people out of Ur “Promise Land” quest Enslaved by Egyptians 1250: Moses > Exodus > Yaweh 12 thibes > 1 king (Saul) 10 c BC: David >> Israel 930 BC: Div. of Kingdom Destruction 722 BC: Israel falls to Assyrians 586 BC: Judah falls to Neo-Babylonians 4 c. BC Annexed by Alex the Great 70 AD: Destruction of Temple of Solomon Culturally huge, politically insignificant Hebrew bible = old testament Torah, prophets, writings Oral history (1250 – 150 BC) Significant concept Covenant: Hebrews = god’s chosen people Reciprocity (Ten Commandments) Exclusive Monotheism Ethical Monotheism (Book of Isaiah)
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