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First Lecture

by: Annika Verburg

First Lecture BIBL 101

Annika Verburg

GPA 3.8

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About this Document

This is over what was said in class.
Jesus: His Life and Teachings
Cliff Barbarick
Class Notes
bible, New Testament
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annika Verburg on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIBL 101 at Abilene Christian University taught by Cliff Barbarick in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Jesus: His Life and Teachings in Bible New Testament at Abilene Christian University.


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Date Created: 08/29/16
Class Notes day 1 The New Testament is comprised of 267 “books” (diverse writings written by different people) originally composed in Greek. o Chapters added first (around 13 century) o Sometimes chapters hinder the reading o The verses were added in the 1500s NT table of contents o Lives (or biographies) of Jesus, also called the Gospels o Matthew, Mark, Luke, John o History of the early Christian community o Acts (the second volume of Luke) o Letters from Paul, an early Christian missionary o Thirteen total (more on this next semester) o Arranged by length (most to least) (Romans to Thessalonians) o Named by who it was written to o Hebrews (an early Christian homily) o By itself o Parts look like letters, speculated it is part of a sermon o Letters from Christian leaders (“Catholic” letters) o Named by author o Revelation (an apocalypse) Translation Theory o A translator must navigate the tension between: o Fidelity to the source language o Readability in the target language o Different aspects of committees for translation o Formal Equivalence (Word for Word) --------- Dynamic (Thought for Thought) New Testament Manuscripts o We don’t have the original New Testament documents Text Criticism o Text Critics analyze the variants and determine, using pre-established criteria, which reading is closes to the original o A modern Greek New Testament, therefore, is an eclectic text, taking the best of the thousands of manuscripts Journey to the Canon o The earliest Christians’ bible: The Septuagint (LXX) o Christian communities produced various types or religious literature over the decades o Letters, sermons, narratives o 367 CE: Athanasius lists the 27 books of the New Testament that Christians acknowledge today Why these 27, and not others? Journey to the Canon o 2 ndcentury: catalysts for canonization o Marcion (Christian teacher) (truncating)  Rejected the OT and limited the NT o Montanus (supplementing)  Claimed direct revelations from God o 2 -4 century: a time of discernment o factors that influenced inclusion in the canon:  usage (wide spread and in important centers of Christianity)  age (the older the better)  the case of the Shepherd of Hermas  Apostolicity (in authorship and content)  The case of the Gospel of Peter


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