"Sociology Matters" - Homework reading (Ch 1)
"Sociology Matters" - Homework reading (Ch 1) SOCY 1000 - 003
Popular in Sociology: Global Perspective
SOCY 1000 - 003
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayden Notetaker on Monday August 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 1000 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Carl Backman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 88 views.
Reviews for "Sociology Matters" - Homework reading (Ch 1)
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 08/29/16
Sociology Matters Ch 1 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 1:06 AM • Chapter 1 (1-21) ○ Sociologist § They study social patterns shared by many people § Focus on the group rather than an individual ○ 4 pioneering sociologist § Emile Durkheim Max Weber § § Karl Marx § W.E.B. Dubois ○ Methods of observation § Surveys § Ethnographic studies § Experiments § Existing sources of research ○ Sociology -the scientific study of social behavior and human groups ○ Sociological imagination § An awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past ○ Science § A body of knowledge obtained by methods based on systematic observation § Natural science - study of the physical features of nature and the ways in which they change and interact § Social science - study of various aspects of human society ○ "common sense" § This is based on what we experience and observe § Sometimes accurate but not always reliable ○ Sociologist question common sense § Such as the thought that crimes along the mexican border are high, in reality it has been dropping faster than similar U.S. communities ○ Theory- a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior ○ Durkheim's theory § Research suggested suicide, while being a solitary act, is majorly related to group life reality it has been dropping faster than similar U.S. communities ○ Theory- a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior ○ Durkheim's theory § Research suggested suicide, while being a solitary act, is majorly related to group life § Higher suicide rates in times of peace ○ Auguste Comte § Coined the term sociology ○ Harriet Marineau § English sociologist that translated Comte's work Society in America - examines religion, politics, child rearing, and § immigration in the young antion § Economy, law, trade, health, and population effects social problems § Deaf § Attempted to improve society ○ Herbert Spencer § Did not try to immprove society § Applied concept of evolution to explain changing societies ○ Max Weber § Verstehen -german word meaning understanding or insight § Ideal type - a made up model to serve as a measuring rod against others (applies relativity) ○ Karl Marx § Communist manifesto § Worked alongsideF riedrich Engels § Thought that the class system should be overthrown □ Some people have no resources besides labor § Inspired communist revolutions in: □ China □ Russia □ Cuba □ Vietnam ○ W.E.B. Dubois § Black § Attempted to help U.S. society § NAACP § Double consciences -refer to the division of an individuals identity into two or more social realities ○ Charles Horton Cooley § 1900s -Ann Arbor Michigan § Looked at smaller group (families, gangs, and friendship networks) ○ Jan Addams § Successfully prevented racial segregation in Chicago schools Robert Merton ○ Charles Horton Cooley § 1900s -Ann Arbor Michigan § Looked at smaller group (families, gangs, and friendship networks) ○ Jan Addams § Successfully prevented racial segregation in Chicago schools ○ Robert Merton § Theory of explaining deviant behavior § Macrosociology - concentrates on lar-scale phenomena § Microsociology -concentrates on small groups ○ Pierre Bourdieu § Cultural capital - refers to non-economic goods such as family background and education § Social Capital - refers to the collective benefit of social networks ○ Functionalist perspective - § Think of society as a living organism in which each part contributes to it's survival § Dysfunction- refers to an element or process that disrupts the social system § Manifest functions - open, stated, conscious functions § Latent functions- unconscious or unintended ○ Conflict perspective - § Assume that social behavior is best understood in terms of tension between groups over power or the allocation of resources (including: housing, money, access to services, and political representation ○ Interactionist perspective § Generalize about everyday forms of social interaction in order to understand society as a whole ○ Feminist perspective § View inequity based on gender (often allied with conflict perspective ○ Nonverbal communication -interaction with gestures, facial expressions, and postures.