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Ultimate Reality

by: Mindy

Ultimate Reality PHILOS 2120 - 0010


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About this Document

This is what we discussed on 8/30/2016
Asian Philosophies
Steven Brown
Class Notes
philosophy, Asian, religions, Hinduism, Buddhism
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mindy on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHILOS 2120 - 0010 at Ohio State University taught by Steven Brown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Asian Philosophies in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion at Ohio State University.

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Date Created: 08/30/16
 What is Ultimate Reality(God) o Personal  Monotheism  One God,  o Omnipotent, all powerful o Omniscient, all knowing o Omnibenevolent, all loving, perfectly goo  Islam  Christianity  Judaism  Polytheism  Greek/Roman  Druid/Wiccan  Norse  Egyptian  Shinto  Animism  These gods are not all powerful, not all knowing, not all loving o Impersonal  Pantheism  Hinduism o No limit on number of gods, everything including the gods, unified reality o When Hindu philosopher says they are God, this God is not in the same sense as Monotheism God  Daoism  All is God  Atheism/ No Gods  Buddhism o Started by Siddarta Gautama o Many Buddhas depending on what sect you’re in o Attains Enlightment and goes preaching o Kind of self help  Prescription on how to live your life to help cope  with the much suffering in the world  No need for a supernatural being in your life  Daoism  Jainism Discussion Question: What is the difference between a religion and a philosophy? Answer: religions contain philosophies, but they also contain other things, ex) religions make  philosophical claims such as claims on why we exist and how we should live our lives. Religions other things such as an institutional hierarchy, reading lists, rituals(practices that people engage  in when people get together) We aren’t going to talk about topics that aren’t related to  philosophical matters.  Person Question: What is the difference between a fact and belief Answer: Well fact is an aspect of the way the world actually is. Belief is a certain attitude  toward propositions: the content of declarative sentences Ex) “the water is wet”       “el agua es mojado” these are facts even though they are both in different languages    “the water is gold” It’s a proclamation about the world, a belief Ex2) “The Buddha is a real person” there are facts that historians have studied where there are  pieces of evidence that the Buddha walked the Earth. A belief that is supported by a range of  historical evidence that many people independent of their religious tradition accept “Krishna is God” It would be harder to prove this one because the historical evidence is  thin, and investigating that Krishna is God because you would have to use philosophy, a belief  that is tenuously supported by general historical evidence, and it includes some philosophical  claims that can’t be directly tested observationally. Sentence: People shouldn’t believe the second claim because it’s based in philosophy rather than actual facts Claim: “Torturing babies for fun is wrong” Some say, “This is a fact.” If you disagree, you are  false. Note: Purely philosophical claim of how the world works Nussbaum  Talking about engaging a philosophical view that’s not your own o Already doing cross cultural work o Philosophical differences count as cross cultural experiences  Descriptive o It describes the way things actually are o Descriptive Errors  Chauvinism: recreating the other in the image of oneself, reading the strange as exactly like what is familiar  Walk into a new situation and say “These people are exactly like me” This is untrue because these people have important differences from you  Ex) You and a person are dating. It’s getting serious and you meet this person’s parents and you go and you’re like, “This place is like my house.” You miss significant differences which can cause you to be shocked later  Romanticism: expressing romantic longing for exotic experiences that our own familiar lives seem to deny us  Overemphasizing the differences between two cultures  Going to a different country and thinking about so many different things about you, but they are actually doing normal things  Normative o How things should be  Kind of assumes the mode of descriptive analysis. “I’ve already seen the way things are and this is how it should be”  There are a range of errors to avoid when doing cross-cultural philosophy


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