New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

First week of Lab Notes

by: Katlyn Burkitt

First week of Lab Notes Biol 221L

Marketplace > Towson University > Biology > Biol 221L > First week of Lab Notes
Katlyn Burkitt
GPA 3.2
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Anatomy and Physiology I lab

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Anatomy and Physiology I lab notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes cover the information covered in Towthe Friday lab at 1pm.
Anatomy and Physiology I lab
Class Notes
anatomy, lab, towson




Popular in Anatomy and Physiology I lab

Popular in Biology

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katlyn Burkitt on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biol 221L at Towson University taught by Strickland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology I lab in Biology at Towson University.


Reviews for First week of Lab Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/30/16
9/2 Anatomy Lab 1: Anatomical terms, Body cavities, and Membranes; Tissues  Anatomical position  This semester o Skeletal  Facilitates movement  Calcium  Blood formation  Muscular  Nervous o Responses to stimuli  Next semester o Integumentary system (Not needed this semester)  Outside (skin, hair, etc.) o Endocrine  Hormones o Cardiovascular  Blood, etc. o Lymphatic  Immune system o Respiratory  Oxygen to the body o Digestive  Digest food o Urinary  Remove waste o Reproductive  Reproduce  Slides 5-9 o Proximal  Toward an attached base (Shoulder vs Fingers) o Distal  Away from an attached base (Fingers to torso) o Medial  Toward the midline o Lateral  Away from the midline o Posterior/Dorsal  Back surface/ Back o Anterior/ Ventral  Front surface/Front o Caudal  Toward the tail/ Coccyx o Cranial/ Cephalic  Toward the head o Superior  Above o Superficial  Near or at the body surface o Deep  Toward the interior of the body o Frontal/Coronal plane  Separation of the anterior and posterior portions of the body o Sagittal plane  Parallel to long axis/ Separates left and right portions o Midsagittal plane  Passes through the midline o Transverse plane  Perpendicular long axis separates superior and inferior portions of the body o Slides 8 and 9 for other sections  Body Cavities (Slides 10- 13) o Dorsal Cavities  Cranial  Vertebral o Vertical cavities  Thoracic Cavity  Superior mediastinum  Pleural cavity  Pericardial cavity within the mediastinum  Diaphragm  Abdominopelvic cavity  Abdominal cavity  Pelvic cavity  Tissues (Slides 14- 41) o Epithelial (15-24)  Covers exposed surfaces/ passage ways  Classification  Squamous- Flat  Cuboidal- Cubic  Columnar- Elongated  Layers  Simple- Single layer  Stratified- Multiple layers  Pseudostratified- Appears to be layered but all cells contact basement membrane  Cellularity  Bound closely with cell junctions, much tighter packed than other tissue types  Polarity  Exposed (apical surface)  Attached (Basolateral surface) o The base is attached to a thin non-cellular basement membrane (Basal lamina)  They act have different polarities meaning they have functional differences  Avascularity  They lack blood vessels  Receive their nutrients by diffusion or absorption from either the attached or exposed surface  Regeneration  They are continuously replaced through stem cell divisions, regenerates much faster than other cells  Functions  Provide physical protection o Protect exposed and internal surfaces from abrasion, dehydration, and destruction  Control Permeability o Everything entering or exiting materials must cross the epithelium which is selectively permeable o Hormones and physical stress can affect the properties of the epithelia  Provide sensation o Extremely sensitive to stimulation because of a large sensory nerve supply o Continually provide information about the external and internal environments o Neuroepithelium: An epithelium that is specialized to perform a sensory function  Produce specialized secretions o Glandular Epithelium: Epithelial cells that produce secretions o Discharged onto the surface or into intestinal fluid  Specialization of Cells o Movement of fluids over the surface, providing protection and lubrication o Movement of fluids through the epithelium and control permeability o Ciliated Epithelium: Cells with cilia that are used to move substances over the epithelium o Connective (25- 35)  Fills internal spaces/ provides structural support  Types  Areolar: Loose connective tissue o F.I. Skin, mucous membranes, around blood vessels, nerves, and organs  Adipose: Fatty tissue (adipocytes) stores energy, cushions, and insulates  Reticular: Form soft skeleton o F.I. area around kidney, spleen, lymph nodes, and bone arrow  Cartilage: Tough, flexible, and cushions between bones and joints  Bone: Rigid; provides support and protection  Blood: Delivery and transportation o Nutrients, oxygen, etc. o Muscle (36- 39)  Specialized for contraction  Types  Skeletal o Anchored to bones via tendons o Moves bones o Used for movement and posture o Voluntarily controlled  Cardiac o Found in the heart o Similar too above o Non-Voluntary control  Smooth o Found in walls of organs o Non- Voluntary control o Neural (40- 41)  Carries information from one part of the body to another via electrical impulses  Composed of neurons and glial cells  Response to sensory input and controls other organ systems accordingly  Found in central nervous system and peripheral nervous system  Terms to Know (42-47) o Cephalic: Head  Cranial: Skull  Facial: Face o Oral: Mouth o Mental: chin o Axillary: Armpit o Brachial: Arm o Antecubital: Front of Elbow o Frontal: Forhead o Nasal: Nose o Ocular/ Orbital: Eye o Otic: Ear o Buccal: Cheek o Thoracic: Thorax/Chest o Cervical: Neck o Mammary: Breast o Abdominal/Trunk (includes pelvic): Abdomen/ Pelvis o Umbilical: Navel o Antebrachial Forearm o Carpal: Wrist o Palmar: palm o Pollex: Thumb o Digits/ Phalanges: Fingers/ toes o Patellar: Kneecap o Crural: Leg o Tarsal: Ankle o Hallux: Big toe o Pedal: Foot o Inguinal: Groin o Pubic: Pubis region o Femoral: thigh o Acromial: Shoulder o Dorsal: Back o Olecranal: Back of Elbow o Upper limb: Beginning of arm to fingers o Gluteal: Buttock o Popliteal: back of knee o Sural: Calf o Calcaneal: Heal of foot o Plantar: Sole of foot o Lower Limb: Beginning of leg to feet  Bones of the skull (47 for diagram) Bold= ones for today 9/2 o Back of skull bones/ Sutures  Parietal  Sphenoid  Occipital  Temporal  Lambdoid suture  Squamous suture  Zygomatic process  External acoustic meatus  Mastoid process  Styloid process  Mandibular condyle o Front of skull  Coronal suture  Frontal bone  Ethmoid bone  Nasal bone  Lacrimal bone  Zygomatic bone  Maxilla  Temporal process  Mandible  Mental foramen  Types of Bones (46) o Flat bones  Ex. Parietal o Long bones  Humerus o Sesamoid bone  Patella o Sutural bones  Joints of cranial bones o Irregular bones  Vertebra o Short bones  Carpal bones


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.