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LEGL 2700 Ch.3 Reading Note

by: Jessica Su

LEGL 2700 Ch.3 Reading Note LEGL 2700

Marketplace > University of Georgia > LEGL 2700 > LEGL 2700 Ch 3 Reading Note
Jessica Su
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

This note is the reading summary for Chapter three.
Legal Studies
Lara Grow
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Su on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LEGL 2700 at University of Georgia taught by Lara Grow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
LEGL 2700 Ch.3 Reading Notes    ● Trial judges​ are the main link between the law and the citizens it serves   ○ Use knowledge gained from participation to decide  ● Justices​ give reasons for their decisions, consider the result between the parties, and  the total effect of the decision on the law   ○ Spend most of the time studying the briefs, the record of proceedings, and the  law in reaching decisions  ● When reviewing appeals, justices concern with iss​ues of l​ aw; iss​ues of ​fact normally  resolved at the trial court level   ● Petit jury​­ the trial jury that returns a verdict (decision on a disputed issue in a civil or  criminal case)   ○ Decides whether the defendant committed the crime  ○ Used in small % of all cases, but important   ○ Federal law does not specify the number of jurors, but the types of cases that  may be brought to trial before a jury at common law, normally six­person juries,  max.12 people   ○ Normally do not give reasons for their decisions  ○ Many citizens want to avoid jury duty  ● Lawyers​ present the evidence, the points of law, and the arguments that are weighed by  juries and judges in making their decisions  ○ Serves as counselor (knows client’s most important secrets and affairs),  advocate, and public servant   ● Subject matter jurisdiction­ ​  the power over the issues involved in the case for any  court to hear and decide a case  ○ Some state trial courts have general jurisdiction­ the power to hear any type of  cases   ○ Limited jurisdiction  ○ Trial courts cannot attempt to resolve every dispute cases, such as hearing a  case to decide how english or math should be taught in public schools  ● State courts  ○ Procedures  i. State constitutions provide the general framework for the court system   ii. The state legislature enacts statutes that add body to the framework. This  legislation provides for various courts, establishes their jurisdiction, and  regulates the tenure   ○ Trial Courts​­ responsible for determining both the facts and the law in the case   ○ Appellate Courts  i. Courts of Appeal­ ​  the intermediate court, three to five judges  ii. Supreme Court: ​review only very important cases   iii. Most appeals go to the lower of two courts  ​ iv. Petition for leave to appeal­ the procedure for requesting  a second  review   ​ ​ v. Writ of certiorari­ a petition  ● Federal Courts  ○ Diversity of citizenship  ​ requires that all plaintiffs be citizens of different states  from all defendants  i. Plaintiff means a person who brings a case against another in a court  ii. In a diversity of citizenship cases, the federal courts have a jurisdictional  amount of more than $75,000  iii. Have this to guard against state court bias  ○ District Courts­ trial courts of the federal judicial system  i. At least one such court in every state  ii. Have subject matter jurisdiction over all the cases   iii. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure  ​ provide the details concerning  procedure that need to be followed in federal court litigation, must be  followed by parties in every lawsuit  ○ Appellate Courts  i. Congress has created 12 U.S. Courts of Appeal plus a special Court of  Appeals in D.C.  ​ ​ ● Writ of Certiorari­ a request by the losing party in the court of appeals for permission to  file an appeal with the U.S. Supreme Court   ○ Litigants only get one appeal   ○ The writ is granted if 4/9 justices vote to take the case   ○ Normally resolves cases involving major constitutional issues or interpretation of  federal law   ● Judicial Restraint­ ​those who believe that judicial review power should not be used  except in unusual cases  ○ Associated with conservative judges often appointed by Republican presidents   ○ Believe that social, political, and economic change in society should result from  the political process rather than from court action   ○ Have a deep commitment to precedent   ● Judicial Activism­​ those who believe that judicial review power should be used  whenever the needs of society   ○ By Democratic presidents   ○ Believe that courts must provide leadership in bringing about social, political, and  economic change because the political system is often too slow and unable to  bring necessary changes to improve society   ○ Less dependent on precedents bc they believe the meaning of the Constitution is  relative to the times in which it is being interpreted    


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