Intro to sociology notes week one.
Intro to sociology notes week one. Sociology 108
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brenda Ware on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 108 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
Intro to Sociology notes #1 8-30-2016 Sociology- The study of societies and the social worlds that individuals inhabit within societies. Sociology must be scientific to make itself different. Societies are always changing. Sometimes people in the society don’t speak the same language, eat the same foods, practice the same religion, wear the same clothes, etc. We have always lived socially within groups; we have never lived alone. Example: If you leave a baby somewhere by themselves, how would it survive without someone else. We are weak by ourselves. Social explanations and problems: How and when do personal problems or successes can be situated in the social structures which creates those problems. Examples: Why is there student debt? Why can’t you get a job? Is it your problem? What factors might lead to these problems? (Gender, Race, economic standing, foods you eat) Stereotyping- Nonscientific understandings that groups are perceived to be. Poor? Spoiled? Lazy? Selfish? Male? Unemployed? White or Black? Society- A large group of people that live in the same area, common culture, same state and economic power. Different levels of sociology 1. Micro- Interactions with family and friends. Micro networks are dense. 2. Mezzo (middle) Members of a group, organization, school, church, political party. Intimate contact may be less consequence. 3. Macro: Even Broder cultural and political unit. Nation States, linguistic cultures, religious cultures. Macro contexts can also be defined by history. Theories: an abstract statement that explains why and how things take place in every science. If you continue to test a theory and nothing comes up, stop testing the theory. Concepts and conceptualization: what is a family? Who is a friend? How is a city rural? Concepts must be measurable through observation. Operationalization is the process of linking concepts to their empirical referents; things that happen and can be measured. Levels of analysis: 1. Micro-Sociology a. Study of small groups of individuals 2. Macro-sociology a. Study of large groups of comparisons across cultures of nations.
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