First Class Assigment
First Class Assigment 2009
Popular in Correctional Systems
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Notetaker on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2009 at East Carolina University taught by Chad R. Jordan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Correctional Systems in Criminal Justice at East Carolina University.
Reviews for First Class Assigment
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 08/30/16
Molly Kilpatrick Class Assignment 1 Corrections Over the past hundreds of years punishment has shifted from the idea of an eye for an eye to the a more humane idea of punishment with rehabilitation. In 1754 BC Hammurabi introduced his own code into the Babylonian law. It is one of the oldest forms of written down law that attempted to create a unified code for what is to be done to a person if they commit a particular crime. His code drew from the idea of an eye for an eye. If a person were to kill another than they should die as well or if they steal from another they will have their hand removed. Than punishment was full of violence, a less humane approach to the punishments that exist today. Punishment at the time was more like torture. Distribution of punishment was also extremely unequal. If a beggar or a slave committed a crime the punishment dealt was far more harsh than that of a rich or noble person. The higher on the social status of the accused significantly lessened the punishment. Often they were simply fined while lesser people received beatings and more capital like punishments. In today's society will try our best to keep punishment and law fair. If a judge is handing our unfair judgment based on things like race and social class they, they can be punished and even lose their jobs. Today’s court systems are built around the idea of a fair trial and the idea of ‘innocent before proven guilty’. Issues still arise on fair punishment in the courtroom today. The main difference however between the state of punishment till now is the fact that there is a system set in place today in order to correct, and catch unfairness while it was once encouraged and expected. After hammurabi's code came the Roman law that had a very similar take on punishment. It sought to unify everyone will the same law throughout the Roman empire. Punishment was still violent and often took the life of the accused. Jails under the sewers were set up to contain the criminals. Not to long after that the church and law started to merge together. People were looking to the church for guidance in life and the church became law. Punishment for crimes were determined by the church as well. This is a huge difference between today’s law system because we have a distinct separation of Church and state here in the United States. When a person stand before the judge they may swear on the bible to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth but the sentence they receive has nothing to do with religion institution. At the time the Church ruled trial by ordeal became a highly encouraged form of punishment. An example of this was during the Salem Witch trials, accused witches were dragged to a body of water and bound. If they floated they were a witch and if they sunk there were not but then they would drown in the water anyways. Often trial by ordeal were impossible task, that either way the person ended up dieing. The idea was that if you were not guilty God would intervene and save you. Eventually the Church lost it power and became a place of refuge for criminals. Overall the two main differences in punishment today and the years prior is people have become more humane in what they believe is right and wrong to do to someone who has committed a crime. Today punishments are often used to deter criminals as well as rehabilitate them. The idea is that punishment should not be life or death. Though the death penalty still exists it is a rare occurrence and there is a lengthy process to even actually killing the person. Death row patients can go through years of appeals to trying an escape the death penalty. Another difference is today death row patients are not publically killed in front of everyone and they are not killed in a violent manner. Lethal injection is today’s version of a humane way to kill a person, though that can be debated by some. The second main difference is in the idea of fairness. Today law is meant to be fair and there are precautions set in place to encourage and correct fairness in the law. Though the people still have major controversies and there is still unfairness in the law it is nowhere near that of the medieval ages. Social class is not supposed to play a part in the punishment received.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'