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Early Mediterranean history

by: Tariq Razack

Early Mediterranean history 1134

Tariq Razack
Virginia Tech

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About this Document

1st class notes
Ancient Mediterranean World
Christine E. Steer
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Ancient Mediterranean World

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tariq Razack on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1134 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Christine E. Steer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Ancient Mediterranean World in History at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
Geography, Landscape, Environment and Early History of the Mediterranean Wednesday, August 24, 2016 12:16 PM The Mediterranean:  Greece o Landscape  Lots of mountains in Greece  Little Islands apart of Greece o Travel  Most of transport in Greece  Boats o Climate  Dry in summer  Southern Greece  Unable to grow Grain  Required to import from N. Greece o Time  Base time on Olympiad  4 year period o Food  Grapes  Olives  Grain  Put little wine in water to sterilize  Drinking wine without a little water was considered crass(vulgar)  Cycladic Culture o Early Cycladic  Pottery and tools  Gave insight into what life was like  Tools  Made from:  Obsidian  Bronze  Existed  Neolithic  Early Bronze age o Middle Cycladic  Trade began o Late Cycladic  Culture began to get influenced by Minoan o Volcanic eruption  Some artifacts were preserved due to the eruption  Early Helladic Culture o Pottery  Began using pottery wheel  Received from culture where modern Turkey is located o Tools  Growing understanding of metal working o Food  Sheep  Goats  Pigs o Lerna  House of Tiles  Storage center  Possibly food  Multiple Floors  Seals Created  Represent person  First step towards writing  Protected  Walls  Watch towers  Center of Wealth  Burnt Down!!!  Possible invasions o Two waves of invasion on Greece  Crete left untouched  Invaders  New style of pottery left behind new people  Left sophisticated  Middle Helladic o Pottery at Orchomenos  Called Minyan Ware  Mentioned by Homer as a important center in the Greek world o Tholos Tomb at Malthi  New style of tomb  Bee hive like tomb  More sophisticated Minoan Civilization Wednesday, August 24, 2016 1:06 PM  Sir Arthur Evans had discovered the Minoan Crete in the 1900s o Discovered a palace o Named after king Minos  Crete in Greek Mythology o Minotaur  Lived in a labyrinth  Art depicts peaceful people  Knossos consider the center/capital of Crete  Early(3000B.C. - 1100 B.C.) o Do not speak Greek o Began making proto palaces  Smaller versions of a palace o Had an economy  Including crafts o Produced  Wine  Olive oil  Pottery  Textiles o Mastered art of carving seals o They began to a create colony on the island of Kythera  Early Middle Minoan(2000 - 1700 B.C.) o Architecture more complex o Early form of writing  Form of hieroglyphic o Began trade  The new palace period(1650-1450 B.C.) o Storage units moved to inside the palace o Religion being incorporated with distribution center o Still no defensive walls o Knossos  Center of Minoan culture  Possible contact/trade with Egypt  Many females were found in artifacts  Lots of sea images  Trade between nearby towns  Hierarchical system  Linear A developed later  New style of writing  Syllabic  Hittite may have influenced the Minoans o Minoans don’t have walls o Minoans don’t have large palaces  Religion o Many people were involved in the religion  Poor and rich would pay tribute o Tree shrines  They have unknown origins and many unanswered questions  Colonized o Cyprus o Thera o Knossos o Reasons  For Minerals  Tin  Copper


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