International Relations PSCI 3616
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jocelyn Miller on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 3616 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Johannes Grow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see International Relations in Political Science, International Relations at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
August 24 th What is Global Governance? - How does it compare to global Governance? - Does it even exist - A shift from “International Relations” to “Global Society” International Finkelstein: Global Governance Governance:” governance can be generically understood as the ‘maintenance of collective order, the achievement of collective goals, and the collective processes of rule through which order and goals are sought (Barnett & Sikkink 2008, p. 63) -How does this definition differ from the one given by Finkelstein? It differs Change in Inter-national relations What caused this shift within the IR from a focus primarily on states to a larger concern with transnational, international, and global actors? “The Great Divide”- The presumption that the domestic and the international realm are wholly distinct or separate entities. The failure of existing IR theories (realism/liberalism) to predict, much less diagnose, the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union and with it the bipolar world. Has hope in the efficacy of global/international institutions diminished since Fineklstein published his article? What Happened to the Idea of World Government? After the failure of the Ueague of Nations, states did not view the second generation of universal international organizations in the form of th UN system as a liberal plaything to be ignored but rather a vital necessity for post war order -It is commonplace to state that many of the most intractable contemporary prob lems are transnational, ranging from climate change, migration, and pandemics to terrorism, financial instability, and proliferation of weapons of mass destruc tion (WMDs); and that addressing them successfully requires actions that are not unilateral, bilateral, or even multilateral but rather global -he usual explanation for this sorry state of affairs and institutional disarray is a lack of political will, great power politics, or classic collective action problems, but blame also should be apportioned to us scholars for our lack of imagination. In struggling with the conclusion for What's Wrong with the United Nations and How to Fix It (Weiss 2009b), I recalled with some discomfort what the Quaker economist and former ISA president Kenneth Boulding repeated often, "We are where we are because we got there." -Over the ISA's lifetime, mainstream thinking has shifted decidedly away from strengthening the United Nations and other intergovernmental organizations toward "global governance." the state remains essential for national, regional, and global problem solving; but states and their creations, in the form of the current generation of intergovernmental bureaucracies, can not address many actual and looming transborder problems. We thus have embraced the idea of global governance. Why did global governance emerge? in the 1970s interdependence and rapid technological advances fostered the recognition that certain problems defy solutions by a single state or even a coalition of the willing sheer expansion in numbers and importance of nonstate actors, both civil society and forprofit corporations. Such growth has been facilitated by the socalled third wave of democratization many of us are embarrassed with the seemingly simplistic and overly idealistic notion of supra nationality Lecture Aug. 26 h World Government vs. World Governance o “Problems without Passports”? Pandemics and any global crisis Migration and immigration o Problem of Sovereignty? Sovereignty: “legally, sovereignty represents a set of privileges and immunities intended to allow a body or juridical entity to reach for its own destiny without the fear of interference from others, whether rival domestic agents or external actors. It confers upon the repository of the powers of sovereignty, or the sovereign, specific capacities and the obligation to render just laws, equal justice, and good (if not legitimate) governance” o Weiss: What Happened to the Idea of Global Government? “Could the same farsighted political commitment of the 1945 dawn again under the Obama administration, if not in 2009, then at least by the end of a second term”? Is Weiss too optimistic here? How do you compare Weiss” argument to David Held’s argument in the Ted Talk?
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