New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psych 3313 Behavioral Neuroscience Notes Week 1

by: Casey Kaiser

Psych 3313 Behavioral Neuroscience Notes Week 1 PSYCH 3313

Marketplace > Ohio State University > PSYCH 3313 > Psych 3313 Behavioral Neuroscience Notes Week 1
Casey Kaiser
GPA 3.5
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Behavioral Neuroscience

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Behavioral Neuroscience notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes cover both what was discussed in lecture and what was on the slides, also what was in the reading.
Behavioral Neuroscience
Dr. Supe
Class Notes
Behavioral, neuroscience, Psychology




Popular in Behavioral Neuroscience

Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Casey Kaiser on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3313 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Supe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 121 views.


Reviews for Psych 3313 Behavioral Neuroscience Notes Week 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/30/16
Psych 3313 Behavioral Neuroscience Notes Week 1 Qualities of a Research Method technique  Structure / Function  Static / Dynamic -  Invasiveness - does it enter your body?  Risk and ethical concerns Scale   Speed  Cost and Accessibility Try and answer all of these questions for the various research methods we discuss Structure and Function:  How is it built? How is it connected?  What does it look like?  How does it work?  What does it do?  Why is it important? It is really hard to study a live brain Hands are pretty easy to observe and look at. You can learn functional things pretty easily but our brain is very protected Neuro Techniques Slide  There is no method that can answer every question - so figure out which method to use to answer the best you can  Very organized info Highly Invasive Methods  More common in animal population than human participants  Usually uses a stereotaxic device. Use it as landmarks to guide where we want to go.  Used on humans when they have brain surgery, typically researches will record when they do brain surgery just to do it. Ablation:  Removing brain tissue  Pulling it out and seeing what happens with the patient o Sometimes it will have a minor effect and others it can be a big problem Lesion  Not removing but damaging the tissue  Can be accidental or intentional o Phineas Gage  Biochemical/neurotoxic Cannulation  Putting a specialized tube into the brain o You can put something into a very small area of the brain - infusion  Could be a drug or something like that o Taking a small sample of part of the brain - microdialysis These are for small scale microscopic approach  You need to fix and make the samples solid so that you can study them  They also need to be stained in order to see different things within the slices - there are many different stains Types of microscopes  Light  Fluorescent Confocal   Electron - as zoomed in as possible Staining and imaging neurons  Golgi Silver Stain - Random single cells, structural features  Myelin Stains - axon/fiber tracts, connections  Nissl Stains - cell bodies/nuclei, layers o There are more but these are the main focus Golgi Stain  Discovered by Camillo Golgi  Initially named the black reaction  He noticed the SOME were filled completely - you could see the whole thing in new amazing detail  SOME is important because it only stains about 5% of neurons randomly o We don’t know why It stains some and not others we just go with it Nissl Stain  Focus on the cell body part of the neuron - endoplasmic reticulum  Shows where the nucleus is  Very useful for how the cells are distributed and layered structures  We can see what areas have a lot of cell bodies and what areas do not have as many the "grey matter" Myelin Stains  Stains the "white matter" of the fatty myelin sheath  The travel points, darkly stains axons and fiber tracts  Shows where points of communication are at Electrical Activity in the Brain Patch Clamp  Glass micropipettes used  Studying one part of a cell not the whole thing - single or multiple ion channels on a neural membrane  VERY SMALL SCALE Single Unit --> Multi-Unit --> Local Field Potentials --> electroencephalogram --> Event-related Potentials Single cell/Multi-Unit recordings  Invasive - fine wire electrodes implanted  Used to correlated physiology  Very fast timing, you can hear the change in electricity in the brain Local Field Potentials  Recording from a population  Invasive - fine wire electrodes  You can look at different sections and see how they are the same Detects oscillatory patterns -  Recording outside the brain  Hanz Berger was the first one to say that electrical patterns were connected and important o He noticed that there were clear patterns and that they changed based on consciousness EEG  Measure the summed total of graded potentials - not action potentials - the flow of ions into and out of neurons!  Changes as your state of consciousness changes  As long as we are alive we will have these patterns of electrical activity Synchronized and Desynchronized Neuronal Activity  Neurons start to connect and act in synchronization with each other over time - we can see this through EEG's  Desynchronous - during class neurons acting individually  Synchronous - during deep sleep Chart of different EEG rhythms COPY DOWN CHARTS When would you use an EEG  Whenever you have an electrical disorder - epilepsy or seizures  Sleep/waking/consciousness  Cognitive processing or sensory behavior tasks Advantages:  Fast and precise timing  Safe, non-invasive  Low costs  Portable Disadvantages:  Poor signal locations - know when but not where  Not effective for deep structures (sub-cortical) Event-Related Potentials  Repeated EEG processing  Kind of averages EEG signals  Weird thing - positive deflection goes down and negative goes up Electrical Stimulation & Behavior  Can affect neural firing (action potentials) o electroconvulsive therapy - Used to treat depression o High risk - can cause seizures and memory loss  Deep brain stimulation o Very invasive and high risk Magnetoencephalography  Produces a magnetic field and can determine magnetic influences Can detect localization unlike EEG's  Advantages:  Measures function  High precision spatial resolution and temporal resolution  Non-invasive Disadvantages:  Super expensive  SQUID sensor is very large Repeated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation  Coil over skill applies strong and quickly changing magnetic fields - can temporarily enhance


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.