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Notes from the Text1

by: Rachel Rusnak

Notes from the Text1 130

Rachel Rusnak
GPA 3.2

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Chapter 1: Citizenship in our Changing Democracy
American National Government
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 130 at Ball State University taught by Wheeler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
Chapter 1 (p.1-14). Citizenship in Our Changing Democracy. Millennials: Engagement at a cross roads.  Political enthusiasm and optimism have fallen.  Record high for unemployment ages 18-29.  Citizenship is a two-sided coin: o Rights and protections VS. Allegiances and involvement.  Involvement in communities and trust level of citizens with elected national leader have dwindled. Politics, Power and Participation.  Politics: process by which we choose government officials and make decisions about public policy.  Vitality of social and political institutions depend on working with others to join the civic life of the community.  Civil society.  Social capital: bonds of trust to hold society together.  Types of government: o Direct democracy. o Representative democracy. o Majority rules- minority rights.  Political power: o Influencing/ controlling the institutions of government. o Ruling elite theory. o Pluralism. o Biased pluralism.  Participation and democracy: o Not only enjoy society, but be responsible for it too. o Active participation is necessary to ensure our natural rights.  Direct initiative- some states.  Indirect initiative.  Popular referendum- 24 states.  Legislative referendum- all 50 states.  Recall- 18 states. o Free and equal persons enter society to establish government to avoid war. o If government becomes a threat, the social contract fails and the people start anew.  Political participation. The Changing Face of the American Citizenry.  Growing diversity.  Europeans- 320,000,000  Hispanic Americans- 16% of the population. Chapter 1 (p.1-14).  African Americans- 13% of the population.  Asian Americans- 5% of the population. o Suburbs growing rapidly with ethnically diverse. o Income segregation can result in distrust, social and economic problems.  Growing older. o Elderly population is x2 by 2050. o Political pressure.  Growing apart. o Social class.  Gap between rich and poor is growing.  Employees have transferred many jobs overseas where they can employ cheaper labor. o College tuition government financial aid The Future of Citizenship.  Service learning programs. o Changing in election process and voter mobilization may help participation.  Civic engagement. o Social media is changing the way Americans communicate politically.


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