New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 2 Lecture notes.

by: Taylor Cook

Week 2 Lecture notes. Geog 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > Geog 1010 > Week 2 Lecture notes
Taylor Cook
GPA 3.9

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are the remainder of Chapter 1.
Global Geography
Dr. Brysch
Class Notes
maps, regions
25 ?




Popular in Global Geography

Popular in Department

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Cook on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Brysch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


Reviews for Week 2 Lecture notes.


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/30/16
FORMAL REGIONS: uniform and distinguished by at least one shared cultural or physical characteristic. Can be measured. Ex: locating the area of town where there is an abundance of wealthy people. FUNCTIONAL REGION: trait domain at a central point. Defined by a shared economic, political, or social purpose. They overlap. Ex: TV, Radio area, bus hub, Airlines, School District PERCEPTUAL REGION: derived from people’s sense of identity and attachment to an area. Borders are variable. Have perceptions whether you’ve been there or not.  Historical interactions and physical and cultural processes created areas of greater interaction and connection. DEGREE OF CONTACT DEPENDS ON: DISTANCE: probability of interaction declines with distance CONNECTIVITY: people in two places are tied together with cultural processes or physical features. ACCESABILTY: what must be traveled between two places HEARTH: where something originated and spread. Types of Diffusion 1) RELOCATION: physical movement from one place to another, Ex. Migration and Religion. 2) EXPANSION (SPATIAL DIFFUSION): Contagious is spread randomly from place of origin to nearby places. Hierarchal spread from most important places to most important places like fashion industry in New York and Paris. Barriers to diffusion: PHYSICAL: mountain ranges POLITICAL: closed borders CULTURE: allows or prohibits birth control, alcohol, and found restrictions. ECONOMICS: LDC or MDC GEOGRAPHICAL TOOLS AND SPATIAL GRAPHICS FEILDWORK  Geographers go in the field and observe how people, place, environment, and space vary across the world. - Apply geographic questions - Make and analyze observations - Analyze different phenomena - Map change over time PHYSICAL LANDSCAPES: seeing how it has been shaped over time CULTURAL LANDSCAPES: visible imprint of human activity. Study landscapes to understand people. SEQUENT OCCUPANCE: shows layers of history in the cultural landscape. The modern landscape is influenced because things are always changing. CARTOGRAPHY: map making, construction of maps. Map making was not just a European phenomenon not a coincidence that Europe was in the middle (the map makers from Europe believed Europe was the center of the world) -Maps are a 2D representation of a 3D world on a map Earth loses shape and distance and are not entirely accurate.  Map Projections Peter’s Projection: equal area, not quite proportional Interrupted Projection: shows sizes and shapes. A lot of distortion, less seas (not navigator friendly) Robinson’s Projection: decent size and shape, bit of distortion Mercator Projection: accurate land areas, includes equator, distorts size and shape near the poles. - Called “evil” or “super evil” because it was taught in schools even though it is not entirely accurate. Issues with accuracy at the North and South poles. Globular Projection: accurate. Winkle Trepel Projection: standard for national geographic - Advantages: minimizes distortion, slightly curved latitude lines for increased accuracy. - Disadvantages: now the distortion lies within the east/west/polar areas on the map. Reference Map: convey absolute location (latitude/longitude) - Ex. Road maps. You can tell where things are in reference to each other. Thematic Map: shows relative location. Used to tell story of data usually by location, distribution, or movement Ex. % of people retired in a country COMPONENTS OF MAP READING Scale - Explains relationship between distance on maps and on earth. Expressed geographically, ratio/fraction, or verbally Direction - Orientation, compass rose, think where you live, normally North is top of the map, East is to the right but that is not always the case. Legends and Symbols - shows what the different colorations mean. Ex capital points, larger dots on big cities. ACCURACY: maps are only as accurate as the data that goes into it. - The cartographer generalizes and standardize data. - Interpretation and analysis. - Demographics play a role. Compare the right thing to be accurate. Ex; verison vs AT&T MAP BLUNDERS: misplacing states; the news and some airlines do it. REMOTE SENSING:  Acquiring information at a distance.  Study environments and human phenomenon at multiple scales.  LANSAT program longest running satellite imagining of the earth. HUMAN GEOGRAPHER: analyze changes in places over time, migration flows and political maneuvers. GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS: John Snow was one of the fathers of modern epidemiology. Cholera outbreak in London. Looked at water pumps, location of outbreaks, and determined that it was the source - This system lets us visualize, question, analyze, and interpret data to understand relationships, patterns, and trends. - GEO referenced data: direct and indirect (streets and zip code) - Can combine GIS and remote sensing (faster data) - Overlapping satellite photos with GIS special and attribute data. Shows up in layers. LATITUDE: runs east to west but locates north to south. LONGITUDE(Meridians): runs north to south but locates east to west. GLOBAL POSITIONIG SYSTEMS  Uses a constellation of artificial satellites. Ex. Radio signals and receivers to determine latitude and longitude.  Locate things or navigate between places on earth. *Remapping Alaska; $41 million, dollar projects. 57% mapped. Criticisms of new technology like hardware, software. Reinforces a power divide. Promotes a strong and detached the western view of the world. MENTAL MAPS  The brains ability to imagine activity spatially varies.  Innate senses vs. people who are not so lucky.  Scale goes from local to global.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.