Week 1 Notes for AMH 2010.
Week 1 Notes for AMH 2010. AMH 2010
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaedra Jackson on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2010 at Florida State University taught by Tarah Luke in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History of the United States to 1877 in Social Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
Key Terms Friday, April 22, 20112:16 PM •Pangaea •Beringia •Subsistence techniques •ThreeSisters •Paleo Indians •Archaic Indians •Great Plains Bison Hunters •Great Basin •Pacific Coast –Chumash –Puyallup •Eastern Woodlands –Cahokia •Southwestern •Mexica •BubonicPlague •Christopher Columbus •Portugal •Prince Henry the Navigator •Tainos •Treaty of Tordesillas •Ferdinand Magellan •Columbian Exchange •Hernan Cortés •Malinali/Marina •Montezuma •Hernando de Sota •Francisco de Cornado •Encomienda •Encomendero •Repartimiento •Protestant Reformation •Charles V •Northwest Passage •Martin Frobisher •Encomendero •Repartimiento •Protestant Reformation •Charles V •Northwest Passage •Martin Frobisher •Roanoke •Virginia Company •Enclosures •Jamestown •JohnSmith •Powhaten •Pocahontas •Chesapeake •Tobacco •Headright •Indenture •Slave society •Society with slaves •Yeoman •Planter Elite •Bacon’s Rebellion •Barbados •English Reformation •Puritans •Pilgrims •William Bradford •Separatism •JohnWinthrop •predestination •“the elect” •RogerWilliams •AnneHutchinson •Halfway Covenant •Quakers •Navigation Acts •Samuel Parris •spectral evidence •countermagic • “cunning folk” •malevolent neighbors •afflicted girls •Giles Corey/pressing •Benjamin Franklin •Redemptioners •Walking Purchase • “cunning folk” •malevolent neighbors •afflicted girls •Giles Corey/pressing •Benjamin Franklin •Redemptioners •Walking Purchase •Poor Richard’s Almanac •TheMiddle Passage •Olaudah Equiano •Unifying Experiences •TheEnlightenment •TheGreat Awakening •George Whitefield •Colonial Politics •Ohio Company •George Washington •Seven Years’ War •Ohio Company •George Washington •Fort Duquesne •AlbanyPlan of Union •William Pitt •Treaty of Paris •SugarAct •Stamp Act •Virginia Resolves •Declaratory Act •TownshendActs •Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts •Thomas Gage •PowderAlarm •First Continental Congress •Lexington and Concord •SecondContinental Congress •Olive Branch Petition •Thomas Paine •Declaration of Independence •TheHome Front •Loyalists •Militias •British waraims •Colonel Benedict Arnold •General JohnBurgoyne •Battle of Oriskany •Loyalists •Militias •British waraims •Colonel Benedict Arnold •General JohnBurgoyne •Battle of Oriskany •Saratoga •Valley Forge •FrenchAlliance •LordCornwallis •Yorktown •Articles of Confederation •*James Madison •*Constitutions •Republicanism •*Bill of Rights •*Suffrage •*Disenfranchisement •Traditional British Liberties •*Slavery in the Early Republic •*Emancipation •Bankof North America •*Thomas Jefferson •Ordinance of 1784 •Ordinance of 1785 •Northwest Ordinance •TheConstitution •Constitutional Convention •Alexander Hamilton •Virginia Plan •New Jersey Plan •Great Compromise •3/5 Compromise •1790s Economy •*First Bank of the United States •*Constructionism –*Strict –*Loose French Revolution •Jay Treaty •Haitian Revolution •Republicans •Federalists •XYZAffair •Alien and Sedition Acts •Jay Treaty •Haitian Revolution •Republicans •Federalists •XYZAffair •Alien and Sedition Acts •Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions •Revolution of 1800 •Republican simplicity •John Marshall •nullification •judicial review •Louisiana Purchase •Lewis and Clark Expedition •William Clark •Meriwether Lewis •Embargo Act •*William Henry Harrison •Tecumseh •Battle of Tippecanoe •*Henry Clay •*John C.Calhoun •War Hawks •TheWar of 1812 •*Andrew Jackson •Battle of New Orleans •Hartford Convention •*Popular sovereignty •Missouri Compromise •James Monroe •Monroe Doctrine •Election of 1824 •Election of 1828 •John Quincy Adams *Whigs •*Democrats •Martin Van Buren •spoils system •Indian Removal Act •Trail of Tears •Tariff of Abominations •*Daniel Webster •Robert Fulton •Steamboats •Samuel Slater •Trail of Tears •Tariff of Abominations •*Daniel Webster •Robert Fulton •Steamboats •Samuel Slater •Lowell, MA •*Panic •Second Great Awakening •Temperance •*Abolition •*William Lloyd Garrison •Martin Van Buren •Panic of 1837 •William Henry Harrison •John Tyler •Free-labor •*Abraham Lincoln •Elizabeth Cady Stanton •Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments •Underground Railroad •Manifest Destiny •Oregon Trail •TheAlamo •James Polk •*Zachary Taylor •California Gold Rush •Proslavery Arguments •Southern Economy •Paternalism •Southern Women •Slave Families •Nat Turner Rebellion •Plain Folk •Plantation Belt Yeomen •Upcountry Yeomen •Poor Whites •David Wilmot •Wilmot Proviso •Free-Soil Party •Stephen A. Douglas •Compromise of 1850 •Fugitive Slave Act •Harriet Beecher Stowe •Kansas-Nebraska Act •Free-Soil Party •Stephen A. Douglas •Compromise of 1850 •Fugitive Slave Act •Harriet Beecher Stowe •Kansas-Nebraska Act •Know-NothingParty •Republican Party •James Buchanan •“Bleeding Kansas” •John Brown •“Bleeding Sumner” •DredScott v. Sandford •1860 Election •Jefferson Davis •Confederate States of America •Fort Sumter •Northern Advantages in the Civil War •King Cotton Diplomacy •Election of 1864 •John Wilkes Booth The First Americans Monday, January 4, 2016 2:22 PM Key Terms: Pangea Beringia Subsistence Three techniques sisters Paleo Indians Archaic Indians Great Plains Basin Great Basin Hunters Pacific Coast (Chumash, Easter Woodlands Southwestern MexicaA Payallup) (Cahokia) • Pangea: Supercontinent (circa 240 million years ago) • Bering Land Bridge (Beringia): connected Siberia, Russia to Alaska ○ The 1st Americans crossed the BLB about 30,000 years ago (during the final years of an ice age). They're know as the Paleo Indians. ○ It's believed that they crossed the bridge to follow food. § The bridge was actually made of ice and would later melt and "trap" the Paleo Indians in North America § The land was untouched by man and had an abundance of game, fresh water, and open land. • Paleo-Indians ○ The Paleo Indians were nomadic hunters; they followed their food and never had a permanent settlement ○ Only took them about 1,000 years to migrate from Alaska to South America. ○ Men were hunters and women were gatherers. ○ "Global warming" or the ending of the ice age forced many of the animals to either adapt or suffer extinction, which really changed the hunting grounds for the men • Subsistence Techniques ○ Since the animals were diminishing, ways of living had to be changed § Men hunted smaller animals § Women gathered far more often and their role as gatherers was very emphasized ○ These 2 changes formed the Paleo Indians into Archaic Indians • Archaic Indians ○ Since the animals were diminishing, ways of living had to be changed § Men hunted smaller animals § Women gathered far more often and their role as gatherers was very emphasized These 2 changes formed the Paleo Indians into Archaic Indians ○ • Archaic Indians ○ Hundreds of different tribes § Different languages, subsistent strategies, dwellings, kinships, and rites of passage ○ From 10,000 BCE to 4,000 BCE was the time period in which the transition occurred from Paleo to Archaic, up through the ending of the Archaic Indian era. ○ Archaic Indians used stone tools for hunting AND to prepare food. Paleo Indians only used stone tools for hunting. ○ Although considered to be nomadic hunters, Archaic Indians travelled to the same areas time after time, in a cycle • 5 Groups of Archaic Indians ○ Great Plains § Nomadic, flat land ○ Great Basin § West of Great Plains § Forced to be nomadic due to lack of fresh water ○ Pacific Coast § Access to the oceans for food and an abundance of nuts; mostly acorns. § Non-nomadic Eastern Woodlands ○ § Basically everything East of the Mississippi River and North of the Carolinas § Very wooded area § Used white tailed dear as a game staple. The entire animal was used for meat, clothing, and weapons. § Relied heavily on nuts such as acorns § Many of the sub-tribes of the Eastern Woodlands found settlements with plenty of fresh water, nuts, and food § Life expectancy of only about 18 years § 4,000 BCE they began agriculture □ Mexica (Mexico) truly began the process of agriculture □ Squash, gourds, small bits of tobacco were mainly grown § 2500 BCE maize (corn) became a staple § The Three Sisters □ Corn, squash, & beans □ Squash provided shade for the seedlings, and the corn stalks provided a stalk for the beans to grow up □ Squash, gourds, small bits of tobacco were mainly grown § 2500 BCE maize (corn) became a staple § The Three Sisters □ Corn, squash, & beans □ Squash provided shade for the seedlings, and the corn stalks provided a stalk for the beans to grow up § Cahokia □ A settlement that contained no less than 30,000 people (it was the largest of all the pre -contact settlements) □ Cahokian Chiefs were very powerful, often times being buried with sacrificed virgins for the after life □ It's believed that the members of Cahokia were sun worshippers, hence their hundred foot tall burial mounds □ Population began to dwindle around 1500 due to a quick onset of the last ice age § Extra info about Eastern Woodlands □ They used pottery in some sub -tribes. Pottery was very heavy and extremely difficult to transport, which is why it's believed that some of the sub-tribes had established permanent residencies. □ Burial mounds varied in size, labor, and artifacts, which indicates that there was some form of a chief hierarchy in the community. □ Eastern Woodlanders that lived near the Mississippi River were very into burial mounds ○ Southwestern § Non-nomadic § Farmers § Multi-unit dwelling (pueblo) □ This was basically an apartment building § Turned to agriculture as a subsistence technique because climate did not allow for game hunting very often □ Maize was a staple in their diet § Mogollon Societies (around 200 CE) □ Dug circles in the ground and put massive tents above them (15 ft. wide and about 1.5 ft. deep) □ Shortly often, more societies began to use irrigation and build settlements much like the Mogollon society or using Pueblos that could house entire societies ® Many pueblos contained Kivas which are believed to be "male only places to connect with the supernatural world § The ending of the Southwestern Cultures □ Ended around 1130CE, droughts hit the area very hard • The Mexica (NOT the Aztecs) ® Many pueblos contained Kivas which are believed to be "male only places to connect with the supernatural world § The ending of the Southwestern Cultures □ Ended around 1130CE, droughts hit the area very hard • The Mexica (NOT the Aztecs) ○ Capital, Tenochtitlan ○ Culture stretched from the Pacific to the Atlantic. § Approximately 8 to 25 million people within the culture ○ More is known about them because when the conquistadors "visited" they wrote a lot about their findings ○ The Mexica were a warrior people, and did a great job at settling disputes and helping others to settle their disputes ○ People were constantly trying to undermine the Mexica tribe, even their own Mexican people ○ Worshipped Huitzilopochitli (the sun and war god) § Because of this, warriors were the highest revered people in the culture, even higher than priests ○ Forced peoples to pay tributes in goods such as textiles, basic food products, and corn, beans, exotic luxury items, gold, turquoise, bird feathers, candidates for human sacrifice. § 1/3 of all goods were to be given to the Mexica ○ The Mexica tribe worked as a reverse Robin Hood § The rich Mexica took from the poor to give to the even richer warrior Mexica. ○ The Mexica would conquer a tribe, BUT they would allow their tribe to keep their government and their ways as long as the newly conquered tribe paid tribute but they did not get much from the Mexica EXCEPT immunity from the Mexican slave raids.
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