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PSCI2012 Chapter 1 Notes

by: Lindzy Konrad

PSCI2012 Chapter 1 Notes PSCI 2012

Lindzy Konrad


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About this Document

These notes are from chapter 1 of the textbook. They are the lecture notes from Dr. Jupille with some added helpful notes that I put in from the reading.
Introduction to Comparative Politics
Dr. Jupille
Class Notes
Politics, political, Science, chapter1, notes, comparative, PoliSci
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindzy Konrad on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2012 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Jupille in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Comparative Politics in Math at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
PSCI2012 Key:  Highlighted words: important vocab defined at the top  Words in Bold: important concepts  Intro to Comparative Politics  Meeting 2: 8/24/16  CHAPTER 1 VOCAB Politics: “who gets what, when, and how”  2. Method of difference compares and  about process of making and contesting  contrasts cases w same attributes but  authoritative public decisions about the  dif. outcomes Causality: relationship between cause and  distribution of rights, responsibilities,  wealth, and power effect Comparative politics: asks a set of “big”  Correlation: measure of observed  questions; systematic (scientific) search for  association between 2 variables  answers to how people govern themselves  Causation: a process or event that produces  Hypothesis: causal relationship that link  an observable effect independent variable to dependent variables  Quantitative research: #’s Falsifiable: the possibility that a  Qualitative research: words hypothesized relationship can be shown to  be incorrect Mixed methods research: uses both  quantitative and qualitative techniques, in an Comparative method:  effort to build convincing claims about the  1. The method of agreement compares  relationships between attributes and  and contrasts cases w different  outcomes  attributes but shared outcomes  ______________________________________________________________________________    I.A.   Poli  cs  Definition above  I. B. Comparative   Human brain constantly engaged in comparison  Inherent in the act of causal inference about which more in a second   I. C.  Comparative Politics  Definition above   In simpler terms: talking about clothing, hair, reproductive choices that people make  When asking questions:  1. Look for cases with similar attributes, but different outcomes 2. Look for cases with different attributes, but similar outcomes  Good questions: “What political factors can encourage economic development?”; “To  what extent does globalization impact politics?”; “How do different attitudes about  women’s rights influence politics?” II. Science   Logic   Testing theories w/ evidence   Transparency and reproducibility   Openness to being wrong   Generalization: central purpose of science… start w/ specifics and move toward general  inference  *We operate in realm of Positive Theory (what is rather than what should be)  Everything leads to that causal inference  III.A. Doing Comparative Political Science  Start w/ “why” questions   Provide provisional answers (a hypothesis)  Use evidence to test this   III.B.   Hypothe  s  Def: causal relationship that link independent variable to dependent variables  o Independent variable (IV): the causes  o Dependent variable (DV): the consequences o Variables vary; change or take on different values in different settings   We make empirical observations to answer “why” questions o Empirical: using evidence    There are very few laws, most scientific statements are hypotheses   Bad hypothesis: tautologies (definitional relationships, unfalsifiable unclear,  underspecified relationships  Good hypothesis: clear terms, specifies relationship conditionally III.C. Testing   Def: using evidence to check for/in consistency with hypothetical expectations o In other words: identify, gather, analyze, interpret the relevant empirical infor.   Generally look at cross – national evidence      Evidence:    Qualitative evidence: words   Quantitative evidence: #’s  Need to look at all evidence relevant to evaluation of hypothesis   *don’t look specifically for evidence that will make your  hypothesis correct 


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