PSCI2012 Chapter 1 Notes
PSCI2012 Chapter 1 Notes PSCI 2012
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindzy Konrad on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2012 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Jupille in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Comparative Politics in Math at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
PSCI2012 Key: Highlighted words: important vocab defined at the top Words in Bold: important concepts Intro to Comparative Politics Meeting 2: 8/24/16 CHAPTER 1 VOCAB Politics: “who gets what, when, and how” 2. Method of difference compares and about process of making and contesting contrasts cases w same attributes but authoritative public decisions about the dif. outcomes Causality: relationship between cause and distribution of rights, responsibilities, wealth, and power effect Comparative politics: asks a set of “big” Correlation: measure of observed questions; systematic (scientific) search for association between 2 variables answers to how people govern themselves Causation: a process or event that produces Hypothesis: causal relationship that link an observable effect independent variable to dependent variables Quantitative research: #’s Falsifiable: the possibility that a Qualitative research: words hypothesized relationship can be shown to be incorrect Mixed methods research: uses both quantitative and qualitative techniques, in an Comparative method: effort to build convincing claims about the 1. The method of agreement compares relationships between attributes and and contrasts cases w different outcomes attributes but shared outcomes ______________________________________________________________________________ I.A. Poli cs Definition above I. B. Comparative Human brain constantly engaged in comparison Inherent in the act of causal inference about which more in a second I. C. Comparative Politics Definition above In simpler terms: talking about clothing, hair, reproductive choices that people make When asking questions: 1. Look for cases with similar attributes, but different outcomes 2. Look for cases with different attributes, but similar outcomes Good questions: “What political factors can encourage economic development?”; “To what extent does globalization impact politics?”; “How do different attitudes about women’s rights influence politics?” II. Science Logic Testing theories w/ evidence Transparency and reproducibility Openness to being wrong Generalization: central purpose of science… start w/ specifics and move toward general inference *We operate in realm of Positive Theory (what is rather than what should be) Everything leads to that causal inference III.A. Doing Comparative Political Science Start w/ “why” questions Provide provisional answers (a hypothesis) Use evidence to test this III.B. Hypothe s Def: causal relationship that link independent variable to dependent variables o Independent variable (IV): the causes o Dependent variable (DV): the consequences o Variables vary; change or take on different values in different settings We make empirical observations to answer “why” questions o Empirical: using evidence There are very few laws, most scientific statements are hypotheses Bad hypothesis: tautologies (definitional relationships, unfalsifiable unclear, underspecified relationships Good hypothesis: clear terms, specifies relationship conditionally III.C. Testing Def: using evidence to check for/in consistency with hypothetical expectations o In other words: identify, gather, analyze, interpret the relevant empirical infor. Generally look at cross – national evidence Evidence: Qualitative evidence: words Quantitative evidence: #’s Need to look at all evidence relevant to evaluation of hypothesis *don’t look specifically for evidence that will make your hypothesis correct
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