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CRJ 260 Reading 1 Notes and Week 2 Class Notes

by: Samantha Bishop

CRJ 260 Reading 1 Notes and Week 2 Class Notes CRJ 260

Marketplace > Lenoir-Rhyne University > Criminal Justice > CRJ 260 > CRJ 260 Reading 1 Notes and Week 2 Class Notes
Samantha Bishop

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About this Document

These notes cover pages 11-21 from the book and in class noted from 8/30/16.
Introduction to Criminal Justice
Dr. Robert Stallings
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 260 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Robert Stallings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Lenoir-Rhyne University.


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Date Created: 08/30/16
CRJ 260 Chapter One Book Notes Week 2 Class Notes Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice Reading p.11­21 The Formal Criminal Justice Process p. 11  Criminal justice­ a process that takes an offender through a series of decision points  beginning with arrest and concluding with re­entry into society  Legal factors: o Seriousness of charge(s) o Available evidence o Prior record  Extralegal factors: o Race o Gender o Class o Age Formal Procedures p.12­15 1. Initial Contact P O 2. Investigation 3. Arrest  L ­ in­presence requirement: to make an arrest in a misdemeanor, the arresting officer  I C must have personally witnessed the crime 4. Custody  E ­ Miranda warning 5. Charging  ­ nolle prosequi: prosecutor decides to drop a case after a complaint had been formally  made 6. Preliminary Hearing/ Grand Jury S N ­ grand jury: consists of 12­23 people, who convene in a private session to evaluate  F accusations against the accused E ­ true bill of indictment: specifies the exact charges on which the accused must stand  D & trial N 7. Arraignment I ­formal charges read U ­defendant informed of rights C S ­initial plea (guilty or not guilty)  OE ­trial date is set PN E E D & N ­bail issues are considered 8. Bail/Detention 9. Plea Bargaining  10. Trial/Adjudication 11. Sentencing/Disposition COURTS 12. Appeal/Post­Conviction Remedies 13. Correctional Treatment 14. Release  CORRECTIONS 15. Post­Release The Criminal Justice Assembly Line p.16­17  Criminal justice­ seen as a screening process in which each successive stage  involves a series of operations whose success is gauged primarily by their ability to  pass the case along to a successful conclusion The Informal Criminal Justice System p.18­21  Courtroom Work Group o Prosecutor  o Defense o Judge o Other court personnel ­ all function to streamline the process of justice through the extensive use of  plea bargaining and other trial alternatives   Wedding Cake Model of Justice o Level 1­ celebrated cases o Level 2­ serious felonies o Level 3­ less serious felonies o Level 4­ misdemeanors  In­Class Notes taken on (08/30/16)  Arrest 1. Probable cause that a crime was committed 2. Deprives of freedom 3. Understands that freedom was deprived * all three must occur in order for a legal arrest to happen*  Bail o Goal: to avoid people from serving time o Cannot be used as punishment o $9,000,000,000 yearly cost o Over 60% of inmate population are pretrial detainees o The longer one is detained before their trial, the more likely he/she is to  commit a more serious crime  Plea Bargaining o 95% of all cases are plea bargained 


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