CRJ 260 Reading 1 Notes and Week 2 Class Notes
CRJ 260 Reading 1 Notes and Week 2 Class Notes CRJ 260
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Bishop on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 260 at Lenoir-Rhyne University taught by Dr. Robert Stallings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at Lenoir-Rhyne University.
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Date Created: 08/30/16
CRJ 260 Chapter One Book Notes Week 2 Class Notes Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice Reading p.1121 The Formal Criminal Justice Process p. 11 Criminal justice a process that takes an offender through a series of decision points beginning with arrest and concluding with reentry into society Legal factors: o Seriousness of charge(s) o Available evidence o Prior record Extralegal factors: o Race o Gender o Class o Age Formal Procedures p.1215 1. Initial Contact P O 2. Investigation 3. Arrest L inpresence requirement: to make an arrest in a misdemeanor, the arresting officer I C must have personally witnessed the crime 4. Custody E Miranda warning 5. Charging nolle prosequi: prosecutor decides to drop a case after a complaint had been formally made 6. Preliminary Hearing/ Grand Jury S N grand jury: consists of 1223 people, who convene in a private session to evaluate F accusations against the accused E true bill of indictment: specifies the exact charges on which the accused must stand D & trial N 7. Arraignment I formal charges read U defendant informed of rights C S initial plea (guilty or not guilty) OE trial date is set PN E E D & N bail issues are considered 8. Bail/Detention 9. Plea Bargaining 10. Trial/Adjudication 11. Sentencing/Disposition COURTS 12. Appeal/PostConviction Remedies 13. Correctional Treatment 14. Release CORRECTIONS 15. PostRelease The Criminal Justice Assembly Line p.1617 Criminal justice seen as a screening process in which each successive stage involves a series of operations whose success is gauged primarily by their ability to pass the case along to a successful conclusion The Informal Criminal Justice System p.1821 Courtroom Work Group o Prosecutor o Defense o Judge o Other court personnel all function to streamline the process of justice through the extensive use of plea bargaining and other trial alternatives Wedding Cake Model of Justice o Level 1 celebrated cases o Level 2 serious felonies o Level 3 less serious felonies o Level 4 misdemeanors InClass Notes taken on (08/30/16) Arrest 1. Probable cause that a crime was committed 2. Deprives of freedom 3. Understands that freedom was deprived * all three must occur in order for a legal arrest to happen* Bail o Goal: to avoid people from serving time o Cannot be used as punishment o $9,000,000,000 yearly cost o Over 60% of inmate population are pretrial detainees o The longer one is detained before their trial, the more likely he/she is to commit a more serious crime Plea Bargaining o 95% of all cases are plea bargained