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Chaucer Platform 1

by: Devon Black

Chaucer Platform 1 Eng 41

Marketplace > Harvard University > English > Eng 41 > Chaucer Platform 1
Devon Black
Harvard University

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About this Document

Middle English basics along with some introductory notes on Chaucer
Arrivals: British Literature 700-1700
James Simpson
Class Notes
Middle-English, chaucer
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Devon Black on Tuesday August 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Eng 41 at Harvard University taught by James Simpson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Arrivals: British Literature 700-1700 in English at Harvard University.

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Date Created: 08/30/16
METRO Chaucer Platform 1 I) Chaucer’s meter is accentual-syllabic (fixed number of stresses and syllables per line) A) Follows iambic rhythm aka rising rhythm: stressed, unstressed 1) First introduced iambic pentameter in the Canterbury Tales II) Final vowels of a word are not pronounced if the next word begins with a vowel III) Wife of Bath’s Prologue is in couplet verse form IV) The Parliament of Fowls A) Iambic pattern B) Accentual-syllabic meter C) Five stresses in each line D) More formal tone than Wife of Bath’s Prologue in order to draw attention to its patterns and craft 1) Metrical steadiness: lines 1-4 have a caesura (syntactic break) E) Uses couplets as well as rhyme royal 1) Type of stanza that has seven iambic pentameter lines with the rhyme pattern of ababcc 2) First one to use this rhyming pattern V) House of Fame A) Iambic tetrameter B) Rhyming couplets Pronouns My and thy become myn and thyn when the next word begins with a vowel or h First Person Subjective Objective Possessive Singular I/Ich Me My/myn Plural We Us Oure Second Person Subjective Objective Possessive Singular Thow Thee Thy/thyn Plural Ye You Youre Third Person Subjective Objective Possessive Masculine He Him His Neuter Hit/it Him His Feminine She Hire Hire Plural They Hem Hire/here Nouns I-mutation nouns are formed by changing the root vowel, not by adding a suffix N-plural nouns use an “n” suffix rather than the normal e+s combination Regular Nouns Modern English Middle English Singular Fox Fox Singular Possessive Fox’s Foxes Plural Foxes Foxes Plural Possessive Foxes’ Foxes I-mutation Nouns Modern English Middle English Singular Goose Gos Singular Possessive Goose’s Goses Plural Geese Ges Plural Possessive Geese’s Geses N-plural Nouns Modern English Middle English Singular Toe To Singular Possessive Toe’s Tos Plural Toes Toon Plural Possessive Toes’ N/A Verbs Indicative Present Singular Plural First Person Seye Seyn/seyen/seye Second Person Seyest/seistou Seyn/seyen/seye Third Person Seyth Seyn/seyen/seye Indicative Past Singular Plural First Person Seyde Seyden Second Person Seydest Seyden Third Person Seyde Seyden Subjunctive Singular Plural Present (Any Person) Seye Seyen Past (Any Person Seyde Seyden Infinitive To seyn/seyen/seye Imperative Singular Sey Imperative Plural Seyeth Syntax: Troilus and Criseyde I) Written in the 1380s, when Chaucer is into Italian neoclassicism II) Closely modeled on Boccaccio’s work A) Also uses lots of rhetoric used in epic works 1) Intro asks a classical god for help 2) Imitates complex sentence structures found in the Iliad and Aeneid Vocab Subject: The subject of a sentence is the noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that precedes and governs the main verb Direct object: The direct object of a verb is created, affected, or altered by the action of a verb, or appreciated or sensed by the subject of the verb Indirect object: The indirect object of a verb is not directly affected by the action, but can either receive the direct object or have the action done for them Main verb: The main verb is the most important verb in a sentence. Without it, the sentence would not be complete Main clause: A main clause is a clause that is not introduced by a subordinating term. It does not modify anything, and it can stand alone as a complete sentence Subordinate clause: A subordinate clause is usually introduced by a subordinating element such as a subordinating conjunction or relative pronoun (e.g. while, although, because, which). It does not depend on the rest of the sentence for its meaning. It does not express a complete thought, so it does not stand alone. It must always be attached to the main clause that completes its meaning. Relative clause: A clause that modifies a noun or noun phrase in a sentence Relative pronoun: Relative pronouns (e.g. that, who, which, whose, whom) introduce relative clauses in sentences.


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